VOLUME 162 SUBJECT INDEX

abundance

actiniscidians, biostratigraphy, A:111–112, 154, 189, 240, 269

age

age models

age vs. depth

alcohols, fatty

alkalinity

alkanes. See n-alkanes

aluminosilicates

aluminum. See titanium/aluminum ratio

aluminum oxide

ammonium

amphibolite schist, photograph, A:302

anoxic environment, organic-rich sediments, B:215

Antarctic Bottom Water, deep water, A:11

Arctic Ocean

assemblages, Oligocene deep-water agglutinated foraminifers, B:169–177

Atlantic Ocean N

authigenesis, magnetostratigraphy, A:270

 

Barents Sea Shelf, continental margin, A:6

barium

barium, carbonate-free, vs. depth, B:204

bathymetric barriers, paleoceanography, B:174–175

bathymetry

bedding

beta-sitosterol, sediments, B:213

bicarbonates, lithologic units, A:298, 302

biogenic materials

biomarkers, chromatograms, B:214

biosiliceous materials

biostratigraphic datums

biostratigraphic events, correlation, B:129–130

biostratigraphic zones

biostratigraphy

bioturbation

Bjorn Drift

Bolboforma

Boreas Basin, physiography, A:6

bottom waters, pore water, A:276

bottom-water currents, sediment drifts, A:13–14

Brunhes Chron

Brunhes/Matuyama boundary

bulk mineralogy

burrows, lithologic units, A:106, 261

butane. See iso-butane; n-butane

 

calcite

calcite, biogenic, recrystallization, A:81

calcium

calcium/magnesium ratio, pore water, A:246–247, 275

calcium oxide

caliper logs, vs. depth, A:125, 204, 326, 377

carbon, organic

carbon, sediments, A:73–74, 113-114, 157, 191–192, 243–244, 274, 308, 361

carbon, total, sediments, A:77–79, 117–118, 161, 194–195, 246, 277–279, 315–316, 371–372

carbon, total organic

carbon/nitrogen ratio

carbon/sulfur ratio, sediments, A:246, 277–279, 315–316, 371–372

carbon dioxide, ocean circulation, A:8–9

carbon isotopes, spliced records, B:251, 254

carbon numbers

carbon preference indexes

carbonate content

carbonates

Cenozoic

chalk, lithologic units, A:106–108

chalk, nannofossil, lithologic units, A:106–108

Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone

Chattian. See Rupelian/Chattian boundary

chemical composition

chloride

chlorite

cholesterol, sediments, B:213

Chron 2r.2r, magnetostratigraphy, A:358

Chron 3n.4n, magnetostratigraphy, A:358

Chron 4n.2, magnetostratigraphy, A:241

Chron 5ABn/5ACn, magnetostratigraphy, A:241

Chron 5ACn/5ADn, magnetostratigraphy, A:241

Chron 5n.1n/5n.2n, magnetostratigraphy, A:241

Chron 5n.2, magnetostratigraphy, A:241

chron boundaries

Chron C3An

Chron C3Ar/C3Bn boundary, sedimentation rates, A:270

Chron C5ABr, sedimentation rates, A:242

Chron C5n.2n, sedimentation rates, A:242

Chron C5r.1r, sedimentation rates, A:242

Chron C5r.2r, biostratigraphy, B:139

chronostratigraphy

chrons, magnetic polarity, B:117, 139, 143

clasts

clathrates

clay

clay, greenish, organic geochemistry, B:209–216

clay, nannofossil, lithologic units, A:101, 105–108, 181, 184, 261

clay, silty

clay mineralogy

clay minerals

clays, hydration, A:158

Cobb Mountain Subchron, magnetostratigraphy, A:71, 154; B:114

coccoliths

Cochiti Subchron, sedimentation rates, A:242

coherency, magnetic susceptibility, B:269

color banding, lithologic units, A:263

color contact

color mottling, lithologic units, A:263

composite depths

composite sections, magnetostratigraphy, B:132–135, 148

compression, faunal units, B:14

compressional wave velocity, sediments, A:81, 83, 120, 163, 197, 249, 282, 320, 374

concretions

continental margin, plate tectonics, A:6

contorted bedding

convection, Greenland Sea, A:11

core-log comparison

correlation

correlation coefficients

cyclic processes

dark layers, geochemistry, A:273–274

 

debris flows

deep water

dehydration, clay minerals, A:362

demagnetization, alternating-field magnetostratigraphy, B:113–130, 133–143, 152, 154, 157, 160–161

Denmark Strait, physiography, A:8

Denmark Strait Overflow Water, water-mass exchange, A:13

density

density, bulk, vs. depth, A:124–125, 199, 203, 282

density, grain, vs. depth, A:282, 322, 376

density, GRAPE

density, wet bulk, vs. depth, A:250–251, 322, 376

density logs, vs. depth, A:124–125, 203–204, 326, 377

deposition

depth, core-log comparison, A:122

depth offsets, composite depths, A:61, 101, 149, 181, 234, 263, 355

detritus, ice-rafted

detritus, photograph, A:239

diachroneity, biostratigraphic datums, B:27, 29, 174

diagenesis

diatoms

diffusion, pore water, A:274

dinoflagellates

dinosterol, sediments, B:213

dip, photograph, A:305

diploptene, vs. age, B:215

dissolution

drift, Pleistocene, A:87–88

dropstones

dropstones, crystalline, photograph, A:154

 

Earth

East Greenland margin

East Greenland Shelf, continental margin, A:6

ebridians, biostratigraphy, A:111–112, 154, 189, 240, 269

ethane

ethylene

Faeroe Islands, physiography, A:8

 

Faeroe-Shetland Channel, water-mass exchange, A:13

faults, seismic profiles, A:284

faunal units, preservation, B:13–14

feldspar

Feni Drift

fluorapatite

flux, organic carbon, A:245

folding, lithologic units, A:355–356

foraminifers

foraminifers, agglutinated

foraminifers, benthic, biostratigraphy, A:68–69, 109–111, 152, 186–187, 239, 268–269, 304, 357; B:6–9, 11

foraminifers, planktonic

Formation MicroScanner imaging

Fram Strait

Gakkel Ridge, plate tectonics, A:7

 

gamma ray-density-porosity logs

gamma ray-resistivity-sonic logs

gamma rays

gamma-ray logs, vs. depth, A:123, 125, 204, 214–216, 326, 378

Gardar, bathymetry, A:13

Gardar Drift

gas hydrates

gases, vs. depth, A:274

gases, headspace, sediments, A:76, 115, 160, 193, 245, 275

Gauss Chron

Gauss/Gilbert boundary, magnetostratigraphy, A:358

Gauss/Matuyama boundary

geochemical logs, Site 984, A:220–222

geochemistry

geochemistry, inorganic

geochemistry, organic

geomagnetic polarity time scale, chron boundaries, A:270

geotechnical stratigraphy, sediments, A:84–85, 116, 118–121, 159–160, 249–252, 312–314, 316–317, 325, 363–365

Geotechnical Unit G1, sediments, A:84, 116, 159–160, 197–198, 249, 251, 276–277, 279, 312, 314, 363

Geotechnical Unit G1A, sediments, A:197–198, 276–277, 279

Geotechnical Unit G1B, sediments, A:197–198, 276–277, 279

Geotechnical Unit G2, sediments, A:85, 116, 118, 121, 197–198, 249, 251, 276–277, 279, 313–314, 363

Geotechnical Unit G2A, sediments, A:277, 279

Geotechnical Unit G2B, sediments, A:277, 279

Geotechnical Unit G2C

Geotechnical Unit G2D, sediments, A:277, 279

Geotechnical Unit G3, sediments, A:118–119, 121, 198, 249, 251–252, 277, 279, 314, 316–317, 364

Geotechnical Unit G3A

Geotechnical Unit G3B, sediments, A:250–252, 277, 279

Geotechnical Unit G4, sediments, A:118–119, 121, 251–252, 314, 316–317, 364

Geotechnical Unit G5, sediments, A:118, 121, 364–365

geotechnical units

geothermal gradient

Gilbert Chron

Gilbert/C3An boundary, sedimentation rates, A:241

glacial fan deposits, age models, B:149–166

glacial–interglacial cycles

glaciation

glauconite, clasts, A:115

gonyaulacoid/peridinioid ratio, dinoflagellate cysts, B:91

graded bedding, photograph, A:359

gradients, sea-surface, sedimentation, B:185–189

grain size

gravel

Greenland

Greenland Basin, physiography, A:6

Greenland E, glacial fan deposits, B:149–166

Greenland Fracture Zone, physiography, A:6

Greenland Ice Sheet

Greenland Sea, plate tectonics, A:7

Greenland-Scotland Ridge

halite, precipitation, A:116

 

Haltenbanken, Oligocene deep-water agglutinated foraminifers, B:173–175

Hatton Drift, carbonates, A:114

Hatton-Rockall Basin

heat flow, sediments, A:84, 199–201, 317, 365

hemipelagic sedimentation, deposition, B:245

hexane. See iso-hexane; n-hexane

Holocene, lithologic units, A:261, 296

Hovgård Ridge, Oligocene–Miocene, A:16

hydration

hydrocarbons

hydrocarbons, hopanoid

hydrocarbons, isoprenoid, organic-rich sediments, B:211–214

hydrocarbons, normal, organic-rich sediments, B:211–214

hydrocarbons, volatile, sediments, A:73, 113, 156, 191, 243, 271–273, 306–308, 359–361

hydrogen index

ice rafting, lithologic units, A:298, 302

 

ice sheets

Iceland Plateau

Iceland Sea, planktonic foraminifers, B:20–21, 24, 29

Iceland Shelf, physiography, A:8

Iceland-Scotland Overflow Water, water-mass exchange, A:13

ichnofossils. See bioturbation; burrows

ikaite, pore water, A:276

illite, lithologic units, A:298

index properties, sediments, A:81–82, 120, 163, 248, 281, 320, 374

interglacial periods. See glacial–interglacial cycles

iron oxide

iron sulfides

iso-butane

iso-hexane

iso-pentane

isotope stratigraphy, correlation with diatom biostratigraphy, B:51–62

 

Jan Mayen Fracture Zone

Jaramillo Subchron

Kaena Subchron, magnetostratigraphy, A:358

 

kaolinite

kerogen

Knipovich Ridge, plate tectonics, A:7

 

Labrador Sea

lithium

lithofacies

lithologic units

lithostratigraphy

Lower Atlantic Deep Water, water-mass exchange, A:13

 

magnesium

magnesium oxide

magnetic anomaly maps, A:255

magnetic field, Earth, B:274–275

magnetic inclination, vs. depth, A:71–72, 113, 158, 189–190, 242, 270, 308, 364; B:116, 120, 122, 124, 127, 134, 140, 142, 153, 155–156, 162

magnetic intensity, vs. depth, A:72, 112; B:119

magnetic polarity

magnetic susceptibility

magnetometer measurements, pass-through cryogenic data, A:70, 112, 156, 189, 241, 269, 308, 363

magnetostratigraphy

major elements

mass accumulation rates

mass accumulation rates, aluminosilicates, vs. age, B:205

mass accumulation rates, barium, vs. age, B:205

mass accumulation rates, carbonates, vs. age, B:205

mass accumulation rates, total, vs. age, B:205

mass accumulation rates, total organic carbon, vs. age, B:205

Matuyama Chron

methane

methane/ethane ratio

methane/hydrocarbon gases ratio, sediments, A:311–312

methane/propane ratio, sediments, A:311–312

methanogenesis

mica, lithologic units, A:263, 296, 298

Milankovitch cycles

mineralogy

minor elements

Miocene

Miocene, lower, dinoflagellate biostratigraphy, B:99–109

Miocene, middle, volcanic ash, B:217–230

Mohns Ridge, physiography, A:6

Morris Jesup Rise, plate tectonics, A:7

Morris Jesup volcanic area, plate tectonics, A:7

mud veins, photograph, A:306

multisensor track data

n-alkanes

n-butane

n-hexane

n-pentane

nannofossils, lithologic units, A:55, 58, 146, 149, 152, 178, 181, 184, 227, 296

 

nannofossils, calcareous

Neogene

Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sinistral)

nepheloid layer, sediment drifts, A:13–14

nitrogen

nitrogen, total

nodules

Nordic Seas

North Atlantic Current, sediments, B:93–94

North Atlantic Deep Water

North European Ice Sheet, paleoclimatology, A:15

Northern Gateway

Northern Hemisphere, glaciation onset, B:183–185

Norway Basin

Norwegian Current, glaciation, B:184

Norwegian margin, physiography, A:6

Norwegian Sea

Norwegian Sea Overflow Water, water-mass exchange, A:13

Norwegian Sea S, Oligocene deep-water agglutinated foraminifers, B:169–177

Norwegian-Greenland Sea

ocean circulation

Olduvai Subchron

Oligocene

ooze, foraminifer, photograph, A:108

 

ooze, nannofossil

ooze, seismic stratigraphic units, A:87

opal, biogenic, sediments, B:201

organic matter

oxygen index

oxygen isotopes

paleoceanography

paleoclimatology

paleoenvironment

Paleogene, dinoflagellates, B:99–109

 

paleomagnetism

pentane. See iso-pentane; n-pentane

peridinioid dinoflagellates. See gonyaulacoid/ peridinioid ratio

petroleum potential

pH

phosphate

photoelectric effect logs, vs. depth, A:125, 204

physical properties

physiography, Nordic Seas, A:6–8

phytane. See pristane/phytane ratio

plagioclase, lithologic units, A:263

plankton, carbon/nitrogen ratio, A:74, 115

plate tectonics, Nordic Seas, A:6–8

Pleistocene

Pliocene

Pliocene, lower, volcanic ash, B:217–230

Pliocene, upper, deposition, B:233–246

Pliocene–Pleistocene interval

pore water, geochemistry, A:74–76, 79–80, 115–116, 119, 157–158, 162, 192–193, 195–196, 245–248, 274–276, 281, 308–310, 312, 361–363, 373

porosity

porosity logs, vs. depth, A:203

potassium

potassium oxide

potassium oxide/titanium oxide ratio, vs. silica, B:230

preservation

preservational units, compression, B:13–14

pristane/phytane ratio

productivity, lithologic units, A:149, 152

productivity index

prokaryotes, organic-rich sediments, B:215

propane

propylene, sediments, A:311, 369–370

provenance, sediments, B:93–94

pyrite

pyrolysis, Rock-Eval

pyroxene, lithologic units, A:261, 298

 

quartz

Quaternary, lithologic units, A:55, 58, 146, 149, 152, 178, 181, 184, 227, 231, 261, 296, 298

 

radiolarians, biostratigraphy, A:69–70, 111, 304, 357

recrystallization

reduction

reflectance

reflection coefficients

Reflector R0, seismic stratigraphic units, A:125–129

Reflector R1

Reflector R1A, seismic stratigraphic units, A:125–129

Reflector R1B, seismic stratigraphic units, A:125–129

Reflector R2

Reflector R3

Reflector R4

Reflector R5

Reflector R6

Reflector R7

reflectors

remanent magnetization, natural, sediments, A:70, 112

remobilization, diagenesis, B:201–202, 205–206

resistivity logs, vs. depth, A:123, 125, 204, 326, 378; B:151

Reunion Subchron, magnetostratigraphy, A:71, 73, 112, 189; B:115, 151

reworking, dinoflagellate cysts, B:88, 106

Reykjanes Ridge, water-mass exchange, A:13

Rockall Plateau

Rockall-Hatton Bank

Rupelian, dinoflagellates, B:99–109

Rupelian/Chattian boundary, dinoflagellates, B:107

 

salinity

sand

sand, foraminifer, clasts, A:115

Scandinavia, glaciation, B:184

schists. See amphibolite schist

sea ice

sea surface, Neogene, B:179–190

sea-surface gradients, sedimentation, B:185–189

seafloor spreading, sedimentation, A:266–268

sediment drifts, bottom-water currents, A:13–14

sedimentary structures. See bioturbation; burrows; graded bedding

sedimentation

sedimentation rates

sedimentology, multisensor track data, B:247–257

sediments

sediments, organic-rich, geochemistry, B:209–216

seismic profiles

seismic reflectors, lithology, B:164–165

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit BJ-I, definition, A:205

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit BJ-II, definition, A:205

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit BJ-III, definition, A:205

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit BJ-IV, definition, A:205

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit BJ-V, definition, A:205

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit EG-I, sediments, A:368, 370

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit EG-II, sediments, A:368, 370

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit EG-III, sediments, A:368, 370, 372

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit EG-IV, sediments, A:370

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit EG-V, sediments, A:370

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit EG-VA, sediments, A:370

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit EG-VB, sediments, A:370

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit GA-I, correlation with geotechnical units, A:162–165

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit GA-II, correlation with geotechnical units, A:162–165

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit GA-III, correlation with geotechnical units, A:162–165

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit GA-IV, correlation with geotechnical units, A:162–165

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit GA-V, correlation with geotechnical units, A:162–165

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit GA-VI, correlation with geotechnical units, A:162–165

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit GA-VII, correlation with geotechnical units, A:162–165

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit IC-I, sediments, A:280

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit IC-II, core data, A:282–283

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit IC-III, core data, A:283

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit NA-I, seismic stratigraphic units, A:125–126

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit NA-II, seismic stratigraphic units, A:125–126

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit NA-III, seismic stratigraphic units, A:126

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit NA-IV, seismic stratigraphic units, A:126

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit NA-V, seismic stratigraphic units, A:126

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit NA-VI, seismic stratigraphic units, A:126

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit NA-VII, seismic stratigraphic units, A:126

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit SV-I, sediments, A:321, 325

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit SV-II, sediments, A:321, 325

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit SV-III, sediments, A:321–322, 325

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit SV-IV, sediments, A:321–322, 325

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit SV-V, sediments, A:322, 325

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit SV-VI, sediments, A:322, 325

Seismic Stratigraphic Unit SV-VII, sediments, A:322, 325

seismic stratigraphic units

seismic stratigraphy

seismic units

seismograms, synthetic

shear strength, undrained

shelf environment, lithologic units, A:298, 302–303

shore-based processing, well-logging, A:130, 210, 333, 381

silica

siliciclastics

silicification, preservational units, B:14

silicoflagellates, biostratigraphy, A:70, 111–112, 153–154, 188–189, 240, 268–269, 304, 357; B:63–81

silicon, vs. depth, A:80–81, 119, 162, 196, 248, 281, 318, 374

silt

silt, clayey, lithologic units, A:146, 149, 152, 181, 184

Site 116

Site 117, olivine basalt, A:79

Site 552

Site 609, oxygen isotopes, B:57

Site 643

Site 907, A:223–252

Site 908, Oligocene–Miocene, A:16

Site 913, middle Eocene, A:16

Site 980

Site 981

Site 982, A:91–138

Site 983, A:139–167

Site 984, A:169–222

Site 985, A:253–285

Site 986, A:287–343

Site 987, A:345–387

Sites 980–981, A:49–90

Sites 980–984, magnetostratigraphy, B:113–130

sitosterol. See beta-sitosterol

slumps

smear slides

smectite

sodium

sodium/chloride ratio

sodium oxide + potassium oxide, vs. silica, B:223

Southern Gateway

spicules, lithologic units, A:106

splice tie points

stable isotopes

sterols

Storfjorden Trough, sediments, B:93

stratigraphy

strontium

strontium isotopes

structure, volcanic ash, B:218, 221–222

sulfate

sulfate/methane boundary, vs. depth, A:157

sulfate reduction, pore water, A:309

sulfur

sulfur, total

Svalbard, glacial fan deposits, B:149–166

Svalbard margin

Svalbard margin W

Svalbard Shelf, continental margin, A:6

Svalbard-Barents Ice Sheet, glacial fan deposits, B:149–166

synchroneity, biostratigraphic datums, B:27, 29

 

taxonomy, silicoflagellates, B:71–77

tectonics, sedimentation, A:266–268

temperature

temperature, downhole sediments, A:320, 367–368

temperature, sea-surface, Neogene, B:179–190

terrigenous materials, lithologic units, A:298, 302

textures

thermal conductivity

thermohaline circulation, A:8–11

thorium

thorium, carbonate-free

thorium/potassium ratio logs, vs. depth, A:125, 326

titanium oxide

titanium/aluminum ratio

trace elements

turbidites, lithologic units, A:303

 

unconformities, seismic stratigraphic units, A:205

uranium/thorium ratio logs, vs. depth, A:326

 

veins. See mud veins

velocity

velocity logs, vs. depth, A:123, 203–204, 326, 377

Vøring Plateau

volcanic ash

water content, vs. depth, A:250–251, 282

 

water-mass exchange, Arctic Ocean, A:9–13

well-logging

West Spitsbergen Current, sediments, B:94

wireline logging

Wyville-Thomson Ridge, water-mass exchange, A:13

Wyville-Thomson Ridge Overflow, water-mass exchange, A:13

 

X-ray diffraction data, vs. depth, B:235–236

 

Yermak Plateau, plate tectonics, A:7

Yermak volcanic area, plate tectonics, A:7

 

zeolites

zonation