We are indebted to a number of Leg 175 scientists for allowing us to inspect their data in advance of publication. Torsten Bickert, Bremen, made unpublished isotope data from Ceara Rise available. Susan Burke, SIO, generated the microfossil data for Site 1086. Lydie Dupont, John Barron, and W.W. Hay reviewed the draft of the manuscript and made valuable suggestions for improvement. In addition, as before, we express our thanks to all who helped prepare for Leg 175 (with special thanks to Volkhard Spiess, who was in charge of seismic surveys) and to all on board who made Leg 175 the record-breaking success it turned out to be.

This research used samples and/or data provided by the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP). ODP is sponsored by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) and participating countries under management of Joint Oceanographic Institutions (JOI), Inc. The work on benthic foraminifers on Site 1086 reported in the section entitled "The Productivity Record of Site 1086: Preliminary Results" was supported by a postcruise JOI-USSSP grant to W.H.B., administered by the Ocean Drilling Program, Texas A&M, College Station, Texas. G. Wefer was supported by the German Research Foundation through SPP DSDP/ODP and the Research Center for Ocean Margins.