We thank the crew and shipboard scientific party of ODP Leg 178 for sampling and making this study possible, and we are indebted to T.C.W. Wolf-Welling for providing additional samples. We wish to thank M. Minning and T. Koschnik for sample preparation. We appreciate helpful discussions with P.F. Barker, B. Diekmann, H. Grobe, A. Nimmergut, C. Pudsey, M. Rebesco, J. Schuffert, and R. Usbeck. Our paper benefited from the constructive reviews by A. Camerlenghi, E. Koning, and by an anonymous reviewer.
This research used samples and/or data provided by the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP). ODP is sponsored by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) and participating countries under management of Joint Oceanographic Institutions (JOI), Inc. Funding for this research was provided by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (FU119/21-1).