abyssal environment, benthic foraminifers, A6:33
abyssal plains, deposition, A1:7
acritarchs, biostratigraphy, A7:34
advection, meteoric waters, A6:51
Cretaceous–Cenozoic geochronologic divisions, B5:46
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A5:74
age models
bioevents, A4:54; A7:129–130
biostratigraphy, A3:33–34; B1:4; B10:2–5
Cretaceous–Cenozoic, B3:5–6
early Oligocene–early Miocene, B9:1–21
Eocene–Oligocene transition, B4:5
late Eocene–Quaternary dinocysts, B2:4–5
Miocene, B13:3
sedimentation rates, A4:16–17; A5:35–36; A6:39–40; A7:36; B6:8–10; B10:8–10
age vs. depth
Maastrichtian–Paleogene, B10:37
magnetostratigraphy, A5:38; A6:43; A7:38–39, 77; B9:12
Miocene, B13:7
Miocene biomagnetostratigraphy, B13:1
Neogene–Quaternary, B10:29, 32, 35, 38
Paleogene, B10:28, 31, 34
paleomagnetism, A5:85; A6:93, 98
Site 1168, A3:79; B1:32; B9:12; B10:27, 39–43
Site 1169, A4:31
Site 1170, A5:72; B1:32; B9:12; B10:30, 44–48
Site 1171, A6:89; B1:32; B9:12; B10:33, 49–56
Site 1172, A7:70; B1:32; B10:36
summary, A1:84
Agulhas Retroflection, paleoceanography, A1:13
pore water, A3:43, 161; A4:20, 60; A5:47, 158; A6:51, 166; A7:44, 140
vs. depth, A3:93; A4:38; A5:92; A6:105; A7:84
alteration, silicates, A7:45
aluminum, sediments, B12:3, 7–12
aluminum/titanium ratio
sediments, B12:3
vs. depth, B12:6
amauroliths, sedimentation rates, B10:13
pore water, A3:43, 161; A5:47, 158; A6:51, 166; A7:44, 140
vs. depth, A3:93; A5:92; A6:105; A7:84
anoxic environment, lithology, A3:18
Antarctic Circumpolar Current
dinocysts, A5:34
Eocene–Oligocene transition, B1:13
gateway history, B1:17
history, A1:1, 57–60; B1:21
hydrography, A1:11
Oligocene, B1:15
antarctic environment, clay mineralogy, A5:18–19
comparison with Tasmanian Gateway, B1:16–17
Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary, A1:66
geology, A1:1–98
ice sheets, B1:2
tectonics, A1:46–49
See also Australia–Antarctica Gateway
apatite, lithologic units, A6:18
dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:40
See also Chattian/Aquitanian boundary
biogenic component, B11:3
vs. age, B11:9–12
Australia, tectonics, A1:46–49
Australia–Antarctica Gateway, Paleogene nannofossil biostratigraphy, B8:1–14
Australo–Antarctic Gulf
lower–middle Eocene, B1:11
Neogene, B1:16
paleoenvironment, B2:9–11
Paleogene, B1:3
rifting, A1:6–7; B1:2, 6–7, 19
tectonics, A1:45–49


Balleny Fracture Zone
deposition, A6:19–21
rift basins, A1:23
sediments, B12:2–3, 7–12
vs. depth, B12:5
barium/titanium ratio
sediments, B12:2–3
vs. depth, B12:6
Bartonian, dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:37
Bartonian/Priabonian boundary, sedimentation rates, B10:8–9, 15, 17
basal sequence boundary, photograph, A6:86
basement, drilling, A1:9–10
basement, continental, deposition, A1:7
Bass Strait, rifting, A1:6–7
bathyal environment
benthic foraminifers, A3:28; A6:33
biostratigraphy, A6:27
dinocysts, B3:11
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A7:24–25
foraminifers, A7:28
Oligocene, B1:15, 21
continental rise, A1:7–8
maps, B1:28
offshore, A1:68
bibliography, dinocyst biostratigraphy, B5:44–45
lithologic units, A3:10–11; A4:7–9; A6:13–14
vs. depth, A3:67
age diagnosis, A7:129–130
age models, A4:54; A5:35–36
ages, A3:150; A5:145–146
biostratigraphic datums, B13:3
chart, A6:154–155
diatoms, A4:15; A5:29, 140; A6:150; A7:125
dinocysts, A5:142; A6:153; B3:28–29; B4:9; B5:1–98
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A5:73
magnetostratigraphy, B10:3
nannofossils, B7:22–23
pelagic environment, B6:11
sedimentation rates, A3:33–34
biogenic component
bulk mineralogy, B11:3
Eocene–Oligocene transition, B1:14
paleoenvironment, A3:18–21
vs. depth, A4:29–30
Cenozoic, B1:20
dinocysts, B5:6–7
biomagnetostratigraphic datums
linear sedimentation plot, B6:23–24
Oligocene–Miocene age models, B9:4
Miocene, B13:11
Upper Cretaceous–Quaternary, B10:1–57
biosiliceous component
Oligocene, B1:16
paleoenvironment, A5:16
biostratigraphic datums
age models, B9:12
bioevents, B13:3
dinocysts, A7:128
foraminifers, A4:52
magnetic reversals, B9:21
nannofossils, A4:50; A5:119; A6:138; A7:112; B6:9
Paleogene nannofossils, B8:14
planktonic foraminifers, A5:126; A6:143; A7:119
radiolarians, A5:135; A6:144; A7:120
sedimentation rates, A3:33–34
summary of nannofossil zones, B7:16
correlation, A6:91
dinocysts, B4:8–10
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A6:90
late Eocene–Quaternary dinocysts, B2:1–36
Miocene nannofossils, B7:1–39
Neogene, A1:13
Paleogene nannofossils, B8:1–14
Quaternary nannofossils, B6:1–26
Site 1168, A3:21–34
Site 1169, A4:9–17
Site 1170, A5:19–36
Site 1171, A6:25–40
Site 1172, A7:22–36
summary, A1:35–37
vs. depth, A7:68
cyclic processes, A6:21–22
lithologic units, A3:10–15; A5:10–15; A6:14–19; A7:11–18
lower–middle Eocene, B1:11
paleoenvironment, A5:15–16
photograph, A6:81, 84–85, 87; A7:63
bitumen, sediments, A3:41; A5:45
black sediments, photograph, A6:82
Bolboforma, biostratigraphy, A3:28–29; A4:13; A5:26–28; A6:32–34; A7:28–30
bottom water
expansion, A1:56; B1:3
ventilation, A1:34
brackish environment
carbonate content, A3:38–39
paleoenvironment, A6:47–48
Brazil–Malvinas Confluence, paleoceanography, A1:13
Bruce Bank, dinocysts, B4:14
Brunhes/Matuyama boundary, long-core data, A5:37
Brunhes Chron
remanent magnetization, A7:37
sediments, A6:41
bulk density logs, vs. depth, A3:113; A5:108; A6:120; A7:99
bulk mineralogy
sediments, B11:1–34
vs. age, B11:9
Burdigalian, dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:40
Burdigalian/Langhian boundary, sedimentation rates, B10:10, 12, 15, 19
lithologic units, A6:15, 18; A7:13, 15–16
photograph, A6:81
sediments, A5:45, 156–157; A6:49
See also iso-butane; nona-butane


Calabrian. See Gelasian/Calabrian boundary
calcareous microfossils, Miocene, B13:1–12
biogenic component, B11:3
dissolution, A6:54
vs. age, B11:9–12
calcite grains, lithologic units, A3:12
comparison with methane, A6:106
diffusion, A5:49
geochemical zonation, A4:22
pore water, A3:43–44, 161; A4:21, 60; A5:47–48, 158; A6:52, 166; A7:45, 140
vs. depth, A3:94; A4:39; A5:93; A6:106; A7:85
vs. lithium, A7:86
vs. magnesium, A7:86
See also lithium/calcium ratio; strontium/calciumratio
calcium/chloride ratio, vs. depth, A3:95
caliper logs, vs. depth, A3:109, 112; A5:105; A6:118; A7:96
dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:30
drift, A1:7
sea-floor spreading, A1:9
Campbell Plateau, tectonics, B1:6
Cape Adare region, glaciation, B1:21
summary, A1:40–43
See also hydrogen/carbon ratio
carbon, inorganic, sediments, A3:154–157; A4:58; A5:150–153; A6:159–162; A7:134–137
carbon, total, sediments, A3:154–157; A4:58; A5:150–153; A6:159–162; A7:134–137
carbon, total organic
sediments, A3:37–41, 154–159; A4:19–20, 58; A5:41–44, 150–153; A6:44–50, 159–162; A7:40–43, 134–138
vs. age, B9:19
vs. carbonate content, A3:90
vs. depth, A1:88; A3:87; A4:36; A5:87, 113; A6:100; A7:80; B9:17
carbon/nitrogen ratio
paleoenvironment, A3:19–21, 38–40
sediments, A7:134–137
vs. depth, A3:87; A4:19–20, 36; A5:41–44, 87; A6:46–47, 100; A7:80
carbon/sulfur ratio
paleoenvironment, A3:18, 20–21, 38–40
sediments, A7:40, 42, 134–137
summary, A1:40
vs. depth, A5:41–44, 88; A6:46–48, 101; A7:81
carbon isotopes
age models, B9:4–6
Miocene foraminifers, B13:1–12
vs. age, B9:19
vs. depth, B9:13–15; B13:5–6
carbonate content
age models, B9:5–6
comparison with lightness, A5:70
lithologic units, A3:10–15; A4:6–9, 19–20; A5:10–15, 41–44; A6:12–19, 44–46; A7:11–18
paleoenvironment, A5:15–16
sediments, A3:37–39, 154–157; A4:58; A5:68–69, 150–153; A6:159–162; A7:40–42, 134–137
summary, A1:41
vs. age, B9:19
vs. depth, A1:88; A3:60–65, 87, 96; A4:28–30, 36; A5:63–67, 70, 87; A6:68–74, 79–80, 100; A7:56–60, 80; B9:13–17
vs. lightness, A3:66
vs. total organic carbon, A3:90
deposition, A1:30–32
diagenesis, A4:21
dissolution, A3:44; A4:21; A6:30
lithostratigraphy summary, A1:32–33
Neogene, B1:18
paleoenvironment, A1:22
Paleogene, A1:55–56
photograph, A6:76; A7:64
recrystallization, A3:44; A4:21
regional scale, A1:43–44
See also terrigenous–carbonate transition
carbonates, pelagic, Eocene–Oligocene transition, B1:12
Cascade Seamount guyot
deposition, A1:8
history, A1:48
Cenomanian, dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:26
biomagnetostratigraphy, B10:1–57
biostratigraphy, B1:4
deposition, A1:6–10
gateway history, B1:1–37
geology, A1:1–98
lithostratigraphy summary, A1:32–33
ocean circulation, A1:57–60
paleoenvironment, B1:4
chalk, lithologic units, A3:11; A6:13
chalk, clay-bearing nannofossil, lithologic units, A7:14
chalk, diatom-bearing nannofossil, lithologic units, A7:14
chalk, foraminifer-bearing nannofossil, lithologic units, A6:13–14; A7:12–13
chalk, nannofossil
lithologic units, A3:11–13; A5:12–13
Oligocene, B1:15
dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:39
See also Rupelian/Chattian boundary
Chattian/Aquitanian boundary, sedimentation rates, B10:9, 12, 15
chemical weathering, clay mineralogy, A5:17–19
comparison with methane, A6:104
pore water, A3:42–43, 161; A4:20, 60; A5:46, 158; A6:50–51, 166; A7:43–44, 140
summary, A1:42–43
vs. depth, A1:89; A3:92; A4:37; A5:91; A6:104; A7:83
See also calcium/chloride ratio; lithium/chloride ratio; magnesium/chloride ratio; potassium/chloride ratio; sodium/chloride ratio; strontium/chloride ratio
terrigenous component, B11:4–5
vs. age, B11:9–12
vs. depth, A6:88
Chondrites, lithologic units, A3:12–14; A6:15, 18; A7:13, 15–16
comparison with nannofossils and carbonate content, A6:79–80
vs. depth, A3:71, 73; A6:79–80
See also lightness; reflectance
Chron 1r.1n, remanent magnetization, A7:38
Chron 11n, remanent magnetization, A7:38
Chron 16n.2n, remanent magnetization, A7:38
Chron 17n.1n, remanent magnetization, A7:38
Chron 29R
hiatuses, B3:8
remanent magnetization, A7:39
Chron C1n
biostratigraphic datums, B6:10
sediments, A6:41
Chron C1r.1n
remanent magnetization, A3:35
sediments, A6:41
Chron C2An.3n, sedimentation rates, B10:16, 19
Chron C2n
biostratigraphic datums, B6:9
nannofossils, B6:4
Quaternary nannofossils, B6:6–7
remanent magnetization, A6:41
sedimentation rates, B10:13, 19
Chron C2r.1r, remanent magnetization, A6:41
Chron C3An.1n, long-core data, A5:37
Chron C3An.2n, long-core data, A5:37
Chron C3n.3n, remanent magnetization, A7:37
Chron C3n.4n, remanent magnetization, A7:37
Chron C3r, long-core data, A5:37
Chron C5A.4n, long-core data, A5:37
Chron C5Acn, remanent magnetization, A6:42
Chron C5ADn, remanent magnetization, A6:42
Chron C5An.1n, remanent magnetization, A6:42; A7:37
Chron C5An.2n, remanent magnetization, A6:42
Chron C5Br, remanent magnetization, A3:35
Chron C5Cn, remanent magnetization, A3:35
Chron C5Cr, remanent magnetization, A3:35
Chron C5Dn, remanent magnetization, A3:35
Chron C5Dr, remanent magnetization, A3:35
Chron C5En, remanent magnetization, A3:35
Chron C5n, remanent magnetization, A3:35; A6:43; A7:37
Chron C5n.2n
remanent magnetization, A6:42
sedimentation rates, B10:12–13
Chron C6B, terranes, A1:9
Chron C6Cn.2n
age models, B9:4
sedimentation rates, B10:12
Chron C6Cn.3n, age models, B9:5
Chron C6n, remanent magnetization, A3:35–36; A6:42
Chron C7An, long-core data, A5:37
Chron C7n.1n, long-core data, A5:37
Chron C7n.2n, long-core data, A5:37
Chron C10, dinocysts, B3:10
Chron C10n.2n, sedimentation rates, B10:9
Chron C11n, dinocysts, B4:12
Chron C11n.2n, age models, B9:6
Chron C12r
dinocysts, B4:9
remanent magnetization, A3:35
Chron C13, terranes, A1:9
Chron C13n
dinocysts, A5:33; B4:7–9, 12-13
sedimentation rates, B10:9
Chron C13r, dinocysts, B4:10
Chron C15, dinocysts, B4:10
Chron C15n, dinocysts, B4:8, 10, 12
Chron C15r, dinocysts, B4:11
Chron C16, dinocysts, B4:10
Chron C16n.1n, dinocysts, B4:10, 12
Chron C16n.2n, dinocysts, B4:8, 10, 12
Chron C16r.1r, dinocysts, B4:8, 10
Chron C17n, dinocysts, B4:12
Chron C17n.1n
dinocysts, B4:8
sedimentation rates, B10:15
Chron C18n1n, dinocysts, B3:9
Chron C20n, magnetostratigraphy, A5:38
Chron C20r, remanent magnetization, A6:42
Chron C21n
magnetostratigraphy, A5:38
remanent magnetization, A6:42
Chron C21r, remanent magnetization, A6:42
Chron C22n, sedimentation rates, B10:14
Chron C24r, remanent magnetization, A6:42–43
Chron C29n, sedimentation rates, B10:17
Chron C29r, sedimentation rates, B10:17
Chron C30, sea-floor spreading, A1:9
Chron C30n, sedimentation rates, B10:17
Chron C33, drift, A1:7
Chron C34, sea-floor spreading, A1:9
circumpolar currents, Eocene–Oligocene transition, B1:13
Circumpolar Deep Water, Quaternary, B1:19
clasts, mud, lithologic units, A3:13
clasts, rip-up, lithologic units, A7:14
lithologic units, A7:13–18
photograph, A6:84
sediments, A5:68–69
vs. depth, A3:67; A6:75, 77–78; A7:61, 65
clay lithologic units, sediments, A5:17–19, 71
clay mineralogy
clay lithologic units, A5:17–19, 71
lithologic units, A3:15–17; A5:16–19, 71; A6:12–19; A7:19–21
paleoclimatology, A1:34–35; A6:23–25
paleoenvironment, A5:17–19; A6:23–25; A7:19–21
review, B1:4
sediments, A6:22–25; B11:27–34
terrigenous component, B11:4–5
vs. age, B11:9
vs. depth, A3:77; A6:88; A7:69
clay minerals
siliciclastics, B11:3–6
vs. age, B11:10–12
See also mixed-layer minerals
Clay Unit C1
clay lithologic units, A5:17–19, 71
clay mineralogy, A7:19–21
Clay Unit C2
clay lithologic units, A5:17–19, 71
clay mineralogy, A7:19–21
Clay Unit C3
clay lithologic units, A5:17–19, 71
clay mineralogy, A7:19–21
Clay Unit C4
clay lithologic units, A5:17–19, 71
clay mineralogy, A7:20–21
Clay Unit C5, clay mineralogy, A7:20–21
diagenesis, A3:44
lithologic units, A3:12; A5:11–12
paleoenvironment, A5:15–16
lithologic units, A6:15; A7:16–18
paleoenvironment, A6:20–21
photograph, A6:83; A7:66–67
claystone, diatom-bearing, lithologic units, A7:14–15
claystone, diatomaceous, lithologic units, A6:14–15; A7:14–15
claystone, diatomaceous silty, lithologic units, A7:15
claystone, glauconite-bearing silty, lithologic units, A7:13–14
claystone, glauconite-bearing silty diatomaceous, lithologic units, A7:13–14
claystone, nannofossil
lithologic units, A3:11–12
photograph, A3:75
claystone, nannofossil-bearing, lithologic units, A6:15–16; A7:12–15
claystone, nannofossil-bearing diatomaceous silty, lithologic units, A6:14–15
claystone, nannofossil-bearing silty, lithologic units, A3:13–14
claystone, organic-bearing, lithologic units, A6:16
claystone, organic-bearing silty, lithologic units, A3:14–15
claystone, sandy, lithologic units, A3:13–14
claystone, silty, lithologic units, A3:14–15; A5:13–15; A6:14–19; A7:16–18
biogenic component, B11:3
vs. age, B11:9–12
color bands
lithologic units, A3:10–15
photograph, A7:62
color changes
lithologic units, A6:12–19
photograph, A4:32
color cycles, lithologic units, A3:10–11; A7:15–18
colorimetric coordinate b, vs. depth, A4:29–30
composite depths
sections, A3:152; A5:148; A6:43–44, 157; A7:132
Site 1168, A3:36–37
Site 1170, A5:39–40
Site 1171, A6:43–44
Site 1172, A7:39–40
compressional wave velocity
sediments, A3:46, 162–163; A4:23, 61; A5:50, 159–161; A6:55, 167–169; A7:46–47, 141–144
three–dimensional measurements, A3:102
vs. depth, A3:100–101; A4:44; A5:98–99; A6:111–112, 122; A7:89–90
compressional wave velocity logs, vs. depth, A3:110, 115; A5:106, 111; A7:97, 101
Coniacian, dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:28
continental blocks, gateways, A1:49–50; B1:7
continental margin
Cenozoic, A1:1–4
sea-floor spreading, A1:7
subsidence, B1:4
continental rise, deposition, A1:7
continental shelf, deposition, A1:7
convoluted bedding, lithologic units, A3:12–13continental slope, deposition, A1:7
cool environment, planktonic foraminifers, B10:3
cooling, Eocene–Oligocene transition, A7:24–25; B1:12
core–log correlation, lithologic units, A3:50–51; A7:49–50
magnetic experiments, A(appendix):3–7
summary, A3:119–121
composite depths, A5:39–40; A6:157
dinocysts, B4:11–12; B5:5–6
Eocene–Oligocene transition, B4:26
lithologic units, A3:50–51
magnetic susceptibility, B4:27
nannofossil biostratigraphy, A6:91
stratigraphic units, A1:82
cosmopolitan flora, Quaternary, B3:7
deposition, A1:6–10
gateway history, B1:8–11
Cretaceous, Upper
biomagnetostratigraphy, B10:1–57
biostratigraphy, B1:4
deposition, A1:6–10
dinocysts, B3:1–48; B10:5
dinocysts index events, B5:1–98
gateway history, B1:1–37
lithologic units, A7:16–18
lithostratigraphy summary, A1:32–33
planktonic foraminifers, A7:28
sedimentation rates, B10:17–18
Cretaceous–Paleogene succession, movements, A1:75
Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary
age models, B3:6
dinocysts, A7:35
hiatuses, B3:8
paleogeography, A1:66
photograph, A7:67
sedimentation rates, B10:17–18
cross bedding, lithologic units, A3:13
cross sections, seismic profiles, A3:59
crust, continental, offshore, A1:7
crust, oceanic, sea-floor spreading, A1:7
crustal thinning, gateway history, B1:8–11
ice sheets, B1:2, 19
lithologic units, A7:19
lower Cenozoic, B3:13
current flows, Eocene–Oligocene transition, B1:14
cyclic processes
glauconite, A6:21–22
summary, A1:38–40


dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:32
dinocysts, A7:35; B3:8
hiatuses, B1:3; B3:8
lithologic units, A7:16–18
unconformities, B1:9
deep resistivity logs, vs. depth, A5:105; A7:96
deep waters
currents, A1:5
lithologic units, A7:18–19
Deflandrea phosphoritica group, vs. depth, A5:76
degradation, organic matter, A5:47
minerals, A6:51
sediments, A5:46
deltaic environment, clay mineralogy, A3:16–21
demagnetization, alternating field, magnetometers, A(appendix):13
sediments, A3:47; A4:64; A5:164–167; A6:56, 172–176; A7:48, 147–149
summary, A1:38–40
density, dry bulk, sediments, A4:64
density, gamma-ray attenuation bulk
comparison with undrained shear strength, A3:107; A5:49–50, 103
vs. depth, A1:85; A3:45, 60–65, 86, 98; A4:22–23, 43; A5:51, 63–67, 86, 96; A6:54, 68–74, 99, 110; A7:79, 88
density, GRAPE, vs. depth, A7:56–59, 68
density, wet bulk
sediments, A4:64
vs. depth, A3:47, 98, 104; A4:22–23, 43, 48; A5:96, 101; A6:116; A7:88, 92
density logs
vs. depth, A3:110, 112–114; A5:106; A6:118, 124; A7:97
vs. gamma-ray logs, A6:123
See also bulk density logs
density porosity logs, vs. depth, A3:114; A5:109; A6:121
depocenters, Cretaceous, A1:7
Cretaceous–Cenozoic, A1:6–10
evolution, A5:75
paleoenvironment, A1:26–27
ventilation, A6:19–21
diachroneity, nannofossils, B6:12
carbonates, A4:21
clays, A3:44
opal-CT, A3:45; A6:53; A7:45
abundance, A7:121–124
bioevents, A5:29, 140; A6:150; A7:125
biostratigraphy, A1:36; A3:30–31; A4:14–15; A5:29–30; A6:35–36; A7:31–32
distribution and abundance, A3:143–144
Eocene, B10:3
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A5:74; B1:15
lithologic units, A4:7; A5:11–12; A6:12–15
Maastrichtian–middle Eocene, B10:3
Neogene, B1:18
neritic environment, B10:4
paleoenvironment, A5:16
relative abundance, A4:53; A5:136–139; A6:145–149
sediments, A5:68–69
upper Eocene, B1:12
vs. depth, A5:76; A6:75, 77–78; A7:61, 65
vs. dinocysts, A5:76
diatoms, holoplanktonic, Oligocene–Quaternary, B10:4
ions, A5:47–48
siliciclastics, A5:49
Dinocyst association 1, Eocene–Oligocene transition, B4:11
Dinocyst association 2, Eocene–Oligocene transition, B4:11
age–diagnostic bioevents, A3:149; A4:56
Aquitanian–Burdigalian first and last occurrences, B5:40
Bartonian–Priabonian first and last occurrences, B5:37
bioevents, A5:142; A6:153; B3:28–29; B4:9; B5:1–98
biostratigraphy, A3:31–32; A5:31–32; B4:8–10
Campanian first and last occurrences, B5:30
Cenomanian first and last occurrences, B5:26
Chattian first and last occurrences, B5:39
Coniacian first and last occurrences, B5:28
Cretaceous–Cenozoic stratigraphic range, B5:43
Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary, A7:35
Danian first and last occurrences, B5:32
datums, A7:128
distribution, A4:55; A5:141, 143–144; A6:151–152; A7:126–127
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A7:33–34; B4:1–42
Eocene–Quaternary, B10:5
Langhian–Serravallian–Tortonian–Messinian first and last occurrences, B5:41
late Eocene–Quaternary, B2:1–36
latest Cretaceous–earliest Oligocene and Quaternary, B3:1–48
Lutetian first and last occurrences, B5:36
Maastrichtian first and last occurrences, B5:31
Oligocene, B1:16
organic matter, A5:43
paleoecology, B4:13–15
paleoenvironment,A6:39; A7:35; B2:9–11; B3:11–12
photograph, A7:67
Pliocene–Pleistocene–Holocene first and last occurrences, B5:42
Quaternary, B10:3
review, B1:5
Rupelian first and last occurrences, B5:38
Santonian first and last occurrences, B5:29
Selandian–Thanetian first and last occurrences, B5:33
Turonian first occurrences, B5:27
Upper Cretaceous–middle Eocene, B10:5
vs. depth, A5:77; B2:20
vs. diatoms, A5:76
Ypresian first occurrences, B5:34
Ypresian last occurrences, B5:35
See also phototrophic dinoflagellates
biostratigraphy, A1:36–37
distribution, A3:145–148; A5:141, 143–144
review, B1:5
See also phototrophic dinoflagellates
disconformities, Danian, B1:9
dissociation, gas hydrates, A6:51
bioevents, A3:33–34
calcite, A5:47–48; A6:54
carbonates, A3:44; A4:21; A6:30
Cenozoic, B1:21
Eocene–Oligocene transition, B1:12
lower–middle Eocene, B1:10
vs. depth, B9:18
siliciclastics, B11:3–4
vs. age, B11:9–12
"doubthouse" effect
Oligocene–lower Miocene, A1:16, 30
sedimentation, B1:4
downhole measurements
Site 1168, A3:47–52
Site 1170, A5:52–55
Site 1171, A6:56–60
Site 1172, A7:48–50
drainage basins, clay mineralogy, A3:16–17
Drake Passage
Cenozoic, A1:4; B1:7
Eocene–Oligocene transition, B1:13
opening, B1:21


East Antarctic cryosphere, development, A1:5
East Australian Current
hydrography, A1:11, 59
Neogene, B1:16
paleoceanography, A1:2–3, 13
Quaternary, B1:19
Quaternary nannofossils, B6:8
East Tasman Plateau
deposition, A1:8
dinocysts, B3:1–48; B4:25
history, A1:48
lithofacies, B1:30–31
lithostratigraphy summary, A1:32–33
Miocene calcareous microfossils, B13:1–12
site description, A7:1–149
tectonics summary, A1:33
East Tasman Saddle, deposition, A1:8
Eastern Highlands, uplifts, A1:7
environment, sedimentation, A1:33–34
benthic foraminifers, A5:27
biostratigraphy, A6:27
bulk mineralogy, B11:3–6
deposition, A6:19–21
diatoms, A7:31
dinocysts, A5:31–35
geology, A1:2
lithologic units, A5:12–15; A7:14–16
mudstone, B1:3
nannofossils, A5:21–22; A7:26
oscillations in carbonate and lightness, A5:70
paleoenvironment, A1:50–53; A5:16
planktonic foraminifers, A5:26
progradation, A1:7
sediment geochemistry, B12:2–3
sedimentation rates, B10:14–15, 17-18
siliciclastics, A1:23
stratigraphy, A1:11–12
See also Maastrichtian–Eocene sequence;
Paleocene–Eocene transition; Paleocene/Eocene boundary;
Paleocene/Eocene Thermal Maximum
Eocene, lower
dinocysts, A7:35
planktonic foraminifers, A6:32
Eocene, lower–middle
dinocysts, B3:8–9; B10:5
palynomorphs, B1:10
siliciclastics, B1:9–10
Eocene, lower/middle boundary
age models, B3:6
sedimentation rates, B10:14, 17
Eocene, middle
biostratigraphy, A5:20
chromaticity, A6:79–80
clay mineralogy, A5:17–19
dinocysts, A3:32; A5:32; A6:38; A7:34
gateways, B1:34–35
illite, A6:24
lithologic units, A6:14–17
ocean circulation, A1:90
paleogeographic maps, A1:71
photograph, A7:66
radiolarians, A5:29; A7:31
sedimentation rates, A5:36; B10:8, 12
smectite, A6:24
stratigraphy, A6:21–22
See also Maastrichtian–middle Eocene
Eocene, middle–upper
dinocysts, A6:37; B2:6–7
gateway history, B1:8–11
planktonic foraminifers
biostratigraphy, A6:32; A7:28
sedimentation rates, B10:11–12
Eocene, middle/upper boundary
biostratigraphy, A7:24
deposition, A1:31–32
radiolarians, A7:31
sedimentation rates, B10:8–9, 15, 17
tectonics, B1:7
Eocene, upper
benthic foraminifers, A3:28
biostratigraphy, A3:23
diatoms, B10:3
dinocysts, A3:32; B2:1–36; B3:9–10
gateway history, B1:11–15
hiatuses, B1:3
kaolinite, A3:16–17
lithologic units, A3:14–15; A6:14–15
neritic environment, B10:4
paleogeography and paleoenvironment, A3:78
radiolarians, B10:3
sedimentation rates, B10:8–9, 18
sporomorphs, A3:33
See also Maastrichtian–late Eocene Greenhouse period
Eocene–Oligocene transition
age interpretations, A5:74
age models, B9:7
bioevents, A5:73
biostratigraphy, A5:20; A6:26, 90
correlation, B4:26
dinocysts, A5:33–34; A6:37–38; A7:33–34; B3:10; B4:1–42
gateways, B1:12–15
"glauconitic unit", A7:33–34
lithologic units, A7:18–19
nannofossils, A6:28; A7:25–26
paleoclimatology, A7:24–25
paleoenvironment, A1:53–55; A7:24–25; B10:4
palynology, B3:26
palynomorphs, A7:32
photograph, A6:76
sedimentation rates, A6:21
stratigraphic compilation, A7:68
Eocene/Oligocene boundary
age models, B3:6
benthic foraminifers, A5:26–27
biostratigraphy, A3:23; A7:23
diatoms, A6:35
dinocysts, B5:5–6
gateways, B1:34–35
magnetic polarity, B10:6
magnetostratigraphy, A1:37; A7:38–39
nannofossils, A3:24; A5:21
paleoenvironment, A1:22, 26–27, 32; A3:20; A5:16
paleogeographic maps, A1:72
planktonic foraminifers, A3:28; A5:26; A6:32; A7:28
radiolarians, A7:30
remanent magnetization, A7:38
sediment geochemistry, B12:2–3
sedimentation rates, A5:35–36; B10:9, 11, 15, 18
siliciclastics–carbonates transition, A1:55
tectonics, B1:7
warm-temperate environment, B3:13
erosion, Eocene, A6:24
estuarine environment, Neogene, B1:17
sediments, A3:40–42, 158–160; A5:156–157; A6:49–50, 165; A7:42–43, 139
See also methane/ethane+propane ratio; methane/ethane ratio
euphotic environment, lower–middle Eocene, B1:11
eutrophic environment
dinocysts, A6:39; A7:35
lower–middle Eocene, B1:10
paleoenvironment, A5:34
extension, plate tectonics, A1:8–9


faults. See microfaults; strike–slip faults; transform faults
siliciclastics, B11:3–6
vs. age, B11:9–12
fluid movement, sediments, A5:46
fluid-escape structures
lithologic units, A3:12–13
photograph, A3:75
fluvial environment, deposition, A1:6
foraminifer organic linings
biostratigraphy, A3:32–33; A7:34
distribution, A4:55; A5:141
biostratigraphy, A1:35–37
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A5:74
lithologic units, A5:11–15; A6:12–14; A7:11–15
principal results, A1:14–15, 30–32
sediments, A5:68–69
vs. depth, A3:67; A6:75, 77–78; A7:61, 65
foraminifers, benthic
biostratigraphy, A3:28–29; A4:13; A5:26–28; A6:32–34; A7:28–30
Miocene, B13:1–12
paleodepth, A6:92
upper Eocene, B1:12
vs. depth, A3:80; A4:33; A5:75
foraminifers, planktonic
bioevents and ages, A3:132
biostratigraphy, A3:25–28; A4:11–12; A5:22–26; A6:29–32; A7:26–28
datum core depths, A6:143
datums, A4:52; A5:126; A7:119
Miocene, B13:1–12
range chart, A3:133–140; A4:51; A5:127–134; A6:139–142; A7:113–118
Formation Microscanner imagery, vs. depth, A5:110
frontal movements, lithologic units, A7:19


gamma rays
summary, A1:38–40; B1:30
vs. depth, A5:97
gamma–ray logs
power spectra, A5:112
vs. density logs, A6:123
vs. depth, A1:87; A3:109, 111; A5:105, 107; A6:119, 125; A7:96, 98
gas hydrate stability zone
sediments, A3:42–43, 51–52; A7:44
summary, A1:43
gas hydrates
dissociation, A5:46; A6:51; A7:44
sediments, A3:41, 51–52
well-logging, A3:51–52
gases, headspace, sediments, A4:59; A5:156–157; A6:165; A7:139
continental blocks, A1:49–50
Eocene–Oligocene transition, B1:12–15
opening, A1:53–55; B1:11–15
See also Australia–Antarctica Gateway
Gauss Chron
Long-core data, A5:37
remanent magnetization, A6:41; A7:37
sedimentation rates, B10:16, 19
Gelasian/Calabrian boundary, sedimentation rates, B10:16
geochemical facies, summary, A1:40–43
geochemical zonation
calcium, A4:22
potassium, A4:22
review, B1:5
sediments, B12:1–13
summary, A1:40–43
geochemistry, inorganic
Site 1168, A3:42–45
Site 1169, A4:20–22
Site 1170, A5:46–49
Site 1171, A6:50–54
Site 1172, A7:43–45
geochemistry, organic
Site 1168, A3:37–42
Site 1169, A4:19–20
Site 1170, A5:40–45
Site 1171, A6:44–50
Site 1172, A7:40–43
geothermal gradient
gas hydrate stability zone, A3:42–43
sediments, A6:55–56; A7:47
vs. depth, A6:114
gephyrocapsids, gateways, B1:19
Cenozoic, A1:58–59
gateway history, B1:9
gateways, B1:34–35
upper Eocene, B1:12
glacioeustasy, lower–middle Eocene, B1:10
cyclic processes, A6:21–22
lithologic units, A3:14–15; A5:43; A6:13–19; A7:13–18
paleoenvironment, A3:20; A6:20–21
photograph, A6:81, 84–85
sedimentation, A1:53–54
sediments, A5:69
terrigenous component, B11:4–5
upper Eocene, B1:12
vs. depth, A6:75, 77–78; A7:65, 68; B9:18
glauconite grains, lithologic units, A7:16–18
"glauconitic unit," dinocysts, A7:33–34
Late Cretaceous, B1:33
Upper Cretaceous, A1:70
gonyaulacoid species
paleoecology, B4:14
See also peridinioid/gonyaulacoid ratio
Great Australian Bight
bioevents, B6:11–12
plate tectonics, A1:8
green sands, sedimentation, A1:53–54
"greenhouse" effect
Late Cretaceous–Cenozoic, B1:4, 20
upper Eocene, A1:16, 30
siliciclastics, B11:3–6
vs. age, B11:9–12


heat flow
sediments, A3:46–47; A5:51; A6:55–56; A7:47
vs. depth, A6:114
heterotrophic dinoflagellates, paleoenvironment, A5:34
sediments, A5:45, 156–157; A6:49
See also iso-hexane; nona-hexane
age models, B9:8
biostratigraphy, A1:35–37, 53–55; A5:20
clay mineralogy, A5:18–19
Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary, B3:8
Danian, B1:3
dinocysts, A5:32
lithologic units, A4:8
lower Pliocene/upper Miocene, A6:30
lower/middle Eocene boundary, A7:36
Miocene/Pliocene boundary, A6:25
nannofossils, A4:11; A5:21–22; A6:29
Oligocene, B1:3
Oligocene/Miocene boundary, B1:6
paleoenvironment, A3:19; A5:16
planktonic foraminifers, A5:23–25
Pleistocene, B6:11
remanent magnetization, A7:37
sedimentation rates, A4:16–17; A6:40; B10:19
upper Eocene, B1:11
See also disconformities; Marshall Paraconformity;
paraconformities; unconformities
dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:42
lithologic units, A5:10–11; A6:12; A7:11–12
humid environment, clay mineralogy, A3:16–17
sediments, A3:158–160; A5:154–155
summary, A1:42
hydrocarbons, liquid, sediments, A3:41
hydrocarbons, volatile, sediments, A3:40–42; A4:20; A5:44–45; A6:49–50; A7:42–43
hydrogen, sediments, A3:154–157; A4:58; A5:150–153; A6:159–162; A7:134–137
hydrogen/carbon ratio, vs. depth, A5:41, 87
hydrogen index
sediments, A3:38, 158–159; A5:41, 154–155; A6:45, 47, 163–164; A7:41, 138;
vs. depth, A5:87; A6:100; A7:80
age models, B9:8hydrography
ocean circulation, A1:10_11


ice sheets
Cenozoic, A1:13
cryosphere, B1:2
Quaternary, B1:19
ice volume, sea-level changes, A1:67
"icehouse" effect
middle Miocene–Holocene, A1:16, 30
sedimentation, B1:4, 21
lithologic units, A5:17_29, 71
paleoclimatology, A1:34_35
paleoenvironment, A3:15_17
terrigenous component, B11:4_5
vs. age, B11:9_12
vs. depth, A3:77; A6:22_25, 88; A7:69
index events, dinocysts, B5:1_98
index properties, sediments, A3:166_170; A4:64; A5:164_167; A6:172_176; A7:147_149
instruments, magnetic experiments, A(appendix):3_7
iron, sediments, B12:3, 7_12
iron/titanium ratio
sediments, B12:3
vs. depth, B12:6
iso-butane, sediments, A5:156–157
iso-hexane, sediments, A5:156–157
iso-pentane, sediments, A5:156–157
isotope events. See Mi-1 isotope event; Mi-1a isotope event; Oi-1 isotope event; Oi1b isotope event; Oi2b isotope event
isotope stratigraphy, Cretaceous–Cenozoic, B10:6–7


Jaramillo Subchron
long-core data, A5:37
remanent magnetization, A6:41; A7:37
Jurassic, Upper, plate tectonics, A1:8


lithologic units, A5:17–19, 71
paleoclimatology, A1:34–35
paleoenvironment, A3:15–17
terrigenous component, B11:4–5
upper Eocene, A3:16–17; B1:11
vs. age, B11:9–12
vs. depth, A3:77; A6:22–25, 88; A7:69
kerogen, sediments, A3:158–159


lacustrine environment, deposition, A1:6
laminations, lithologic units, A3:11–15; A5:11–15; A6:13–14; A7:16–18
land bridges, geology, B1:20–21
dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:41
See also Burdigalian/Langhian boundary
Last Glacial Maximum, Quaternary, B1:19
comparison with carbonate content, A5:70
lithologic units, A4:6–9; A5:10–15; A7:11–18
power spectra, A3:70, 74
vs. carbonate content, A3:66
vs. depth, A3:60–65, 69, 72; A4:28; A5:63–67, 70, 86; A6:68–74, 99; A7:56–60, 68
See also chromaticity; luminance; reflectance; reflectivity
limestone, lithologic units, A5:14–15; A6:20
lithic fragments, vs. depth, A6:75
lithification, photograph, A7:64
diffusion, A5:49
pore water, A3:43–44, 161; A4:21, 60; A5:48, 158; A6:52, 166; A7:45, 140
vs. calcium, A7:86
vs. depth, A1:89; A3:94; A4:39; A5:93; A6:106; A7:85
lithium/calcium ratio, vs. depth, A6:106
lithium/chloride ratio, vs. depth, A3:95
gamma rays, B1:30
gateway history, B1:8–11
sedimentation, A1:6
summary, A1:83
lithologic units
core–log correlation, A7:49–50
principal results, A1:14–17, 24–25, 29–30
Site 1168, A3:10–15
Site 1169, A4:6–9
Site 1170, A5:10–15, 118
Site 1171, A6:12–19
Site 1172, A7:11–19
Unit I, A3:10–11; A4:6–8; A5:10–11; A6:12–13; A7:11–13
Unit II, A3:11–13; A5:11–12; A6:13–14; A7:13–14
Unit III, A3:13–14; A5:12–13; A6:14; A7:14–15
Unit IV, A3:14; A5:13; A6:14–15; A7:16–18
Unit V, A3:14–15; A5:13–15; A6:15–17
Unit VI, A6:17–19
suboxic environment, A3:18–19
summary, A1:81; A5:118
vs. depth, A3:60; A5:63–67; A6:68–74; A7:56–60
Site 1168, A3:8–21
Site 1169, A4:6–9
Site 1170, A5:9–19
Site 1171, A6:10–25, 129
Site 1172, A7:10–21
summary, A1:32–33; A4:28; A7:105
vs. depth, A3:61–65
Lord Howe Rise
paleoclimatology, A1:34–35
tectonics, B1:6
luminance. See lightness
dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:36
See also Ypresian/Lutetian boundary


age vs. depth, B10:37
bulk mineralogy, B11:3–6
clay mineralogy, B11:4–5
dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:31
dinocysts, A7:34–35; B3:7–8
gateway history, B1:8–11
lithologic units, A7:16–18
sea-floor spreading, A1:9
sedimentation rates, B10:17–18
Maastrichtian, lower, sedimentation rates, B10:17
Maastrichtian, upper
biostratigraphy, A7:23–24
nannofossils, A7:26
Maastrichtian–Eocene sequence, palynology, B3:27
Maastrichtian–late Eocene Greenhouse period, paleoclimatology, A1:6
Maastrichtian–middle Eocene, diatoms, B10:3
palynomorphs, B10:3
siliciclastics, B10:3
Mac. Robertson Shelf, dinocysts, B4:14
McMurdo Sound, dinocysts, B4:14
comparison with magnesium/chloride ratio, A6:107
diffusion, A5:49
pore water, A3:44, 161; A4:21–22, 60; A5:48, 158; A6:52, 166; A7:45, 140
vs. calcium, A7:86
vs. depth, A1:89; A3:94; A4:40; A5:93; A6:107; A7:85
magnesium/chloride ratio, vs. depth, A3:95
magnetic declination, magnetometers, A(appendix):11–12
magnetic experiments, overprints, A(appendix):1–15
magnetic inclination
correlation, B10:5–6
magnetometers, A(appendix):10–13, 15
vs. depth, A4:34; A5:78–82; A6:94–96; A7:68, 71–75; A(appendix):15
magnetic intensity
magnetometers, A(appendix):10–15
vs. depth, A3:82–83; A4:34; A5:78–82; A6:94–97; A7:71–76; A(appendix):14–15
magnetic intensity bias, vs. depth, A7:75
magnetic overprints, magnetic experiments, A(appendix):1–15
magnetic polarity
stratigraphy, B10:6
vs. depth, A3:82–83; A4:34; A5:78–80; A6:94–96; A7:71–74
magnetic reversals
age models, B9:8
biostratigraphic datums, B9:21
long-core data, A5:37
magnetic susceptibility
comparison with B chromaticity coordinate, A3:71, 73
core–log integration, A3:116
correlation, B4:27
power spectra, A3:70, 74
summary, A1:38–40
vs. depth, A1:86; A3:45, 60–65, 86, 99; A4:42; A5:49–50, 86, 95;
A6:68–74, 109; A7:56–60, 78–79, 87
magnetic susceptibility logs, vs. depth, A3:109; A5:105, 113; A7:96
magnetometers, noise, A(appendix):10
age models, B9:6
age vs. depth, A5:38; A6:43; A7:38–39, 77
bioevents, B10:3
chrons, A3:36, 151
correlation, B10:5–6
Eocene/Oligocene boundary, A7:38–39
remanent magnetization, A7:37–39
sediments, A4:18, 57; A5:147; A6:43, 156; A7:131
summary, A1:37–38, 95–97
vs. depth, A7:71–74
Eocene/Oligocene boundary paleogeography, A1:72
middle Eocene paleogeography, A1:71
structures, A1:74
marine environment
carbonate content, A3:38–39
lower–middle Eocene, B1:10
Marshall Paraconformity
age models, B9:4, 8, 12
gateways, B1:15
models, B1:6
Matuyama Chron. See Brunhes/Matuyama boundary
medium resistivity logs, vs. depth, A6:124
Messinian, dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:41
Messinian/Zanclean boundary, sedimentation rates, B10:10, 12, 16, 19
comparison with chloride, A6:104
sediments, A3:40–42, 158–160; A4:20, 59; A5:44–45, 156–157; A6:49–50, 165; A7:42–44, 139
vs. depth, A1:89; A3:91; A5:90; A6:103–105; A7:82
methane/ethane ratio, sediments, A5:44–45, 156–157; A7:43
methane/ethane+propane ratio, vs. depth, A3:40–42, 91; A5:44–45, 90; A6:49, 103; A7:82
Mi-1 isotope event
age models, B9:6–7
correlation, B1:6
sedimentation rates, B10:12
Mi-1a isotope event, benthic foraminifers, B9:4
lithologic units, A6:15
vs. depth, A6:77–78; A7:65
lithologic units, A6:18
photograph, A6:83
microtektites, Miocene–Pliocene, B1:18
middle Miocene global climate transition, gateways, B1:18
Milankovitch cycles, lower–middle Eocene, B1:10
mineralogy. See bulk mineralogy
calcareous microfossils, B13:1–12
clay mineralogy, A5:19
diatoms, A4:15
dinocysts, B2:8–9
gateway history, B1:17–19
lithologic units, A3:11–12; A4:7–8; A5:11–13; A6:12–13; A7:12–13
models, B1:6
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B7:1–39
nannofossils, B1:6
ooze, B1:3
photograph, A7:62–64
planktonic foraminifers, A3:25–26
radiolarians, A5:28; B10:3
sedimentation rates, B10:9–10, 12–13, 18-20
See also Oligocene–Miocene transition;
Oligocene/Miocene boundary; Oligocene/Miocene hiatus
Miocene, lower
age models, B9:1–21
clay mineralogy, B11:5
nannofossils, B7:8
planktonic foraminifers, A3:27; A5:24–25; A6:31; A7:27
sedimentation rates, B10:13
terranes, A1:9
Miocene, lower/middle boundary
age models, B3:6
benthic foraminifers, A3:29
biostratigraphy, A7:23
dinocysts, A3:32
planktonic foraminifers, A5:24
sedimentation rates, B10:10, 12, 15–16, 19
Miocene, lower/upper boundary, nannofossils, A4:10
Miocene, middle
clay mineralogy, B11:5
planktonic foraminifers, A3:26; A4:12; A5:24; A6:30–31; A7:27
radiolarians, A4:14
sedimentation rates, A5:35; B10:20
See also middle Miocene global climate transition
Miocene, middle/upper boundary
age models, B3:6
benthic foraminifers, A4:13
biostratigraphy, A3:22; A7:22–23
nannofossils, A3:24
paleoenvironment, A5:16
sedimentation rates, B10:12, 19
Miocene, upper
biostratigraphy, A3:22
diatoms, A3:31
nannofossils, A4:10
planktonic foraminifers, A5:23–24; A7:27
radiolarians, A3:29
Miocene/Pliocene boundary
age models, B3:5
biostratigraphy, A3:22; A7:22–23
hiatuses, A6:25, 30
nannofossils, A4:10; A6:28; B7:3, 5, 7, 8
planktonic foraminifers, A5:23–24; A6:30
sedimentation rates, A4:16; B10:10, 12–13, 16, 19
mixed-layer minerals
lithologic units, A5:17–19, 71
vs. age, B11:9–12
vs. depth, A6:22–25, 88; A7:69
depocenters, A1:7
Eocene, B1:3
upper Eocene, B1:11
mudstone, calcareous, Oligocene, B1:16
mudstone, diatomaceous, lower–middle Eocene, B1:10


bioevents, B7:22–23
biostratigraphic datums, B6:9; B7:16
datum levels, A5:119; A6:138
datum levels and ages, A3:130–131
datums, A7:112
diachroneity, B6:12
distribution, A5:120–125; A7:106–111
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A5:74
identification and abundances, A3:122–129; A4:49; A6:130–137
lithologic units, A5:10–12; A6:12–19; A7:11–13
Miocene biostratigraphy, B1:6; B7:1–39
Paleogene biostratigraphy, B8:1–14
principal results, A1:15–16, 30–32
Quaternary biostratigraphy, B1:6; B6:1–26
review, B1:6
sediments, A5:68–69
stratigraphic distribution, B6:19–22
vs. depth, A3:67; A6:75, 77–80; A7:61, 65
nannofossils, calcareous
biostratigraphy, A3:23–25; A4:9–11; A5:21–22; A6:27–29; A7:25–26
datum levels and age estimates, A4:50
age vs. depth, B10:29, 32, 35, 38
biostratigraphy, A3:22; A7:22–23
dinocyst index events, B5:1–98
dinocysts, A3:32
gateway history, B1:17–19
history, A1:12–13, 59–60
lithology vs. depth, A7:61
nannofossils, B10:3
radiolarians, A7:30
sedimentation rates, B10:9–10, 12–13, 15–16, 18–20
neritic environment
diatoms, B10:4
dinocysts, A7:35
lithologic units, A7:18–19
lower–middle Eocene, B1:10
neutron porosity logs, vs. depth, A3:114; A5:109; A6:121; A7:100
New Zealand, tectonics, B1:6
Ninene Basin
paleoenvironment, A5:15–16
tectonics, A1:46
upper Eocene, B1:11
nitrogen. See carbon/nitrogen ratio
nitrogen, total
sediments, A3:37–38, 154–157; A4:58; A5:41, 150–153; A6:159–162; A7:134–137
vs. depth, A5:87; A6:100; A7:80
nodules, lithologic units, A3:11–12
nona-butane, sediments, A5:156–157
nona-hexane, sediments, A5:156–157
nona-pentane, sediments, A5:156–157
normal faults, deposition, A1:8


ocean circulation
Cenozoic, A1:57–60; B1:2
hydrography, A1:10–11
oceanic fronts, A1:76
surface water, A1:90–92
oceanic fronts
ocean circulation, A1:76
Quaternary, B1:19
Oi-1 isotope event, dinocysts, B4:15
Oi1b isotope event, dinocysts, A5:33
Oi2b isotope event, dinocysts, B2:8
"oil window", sediments, A5:45; A7:41
Olduvai Subchron
long-core data, A5:37
remanent magnetization, A6:41; A7:37
sedimentation rates, B10:13, 16, 19
age models, B9:1–21
carbonates, A1:22–23
clay mineralogy, B11:5
diatoms, A4:15
dinocysts, A3:32; A5:31–35; B2:7–8
gateway history, B1:11–17
geology, A1:2
hemipelagic sediments, A1:7
hiatuses, B1:3
lithologic units, A3:12–14; A5:12–13; A7:13–14
models, B1:6
nannofossils, A5:21–22
paleoenvironment, A5:16
radiolarians, A3:30; A5:28–29; B10:3
sedimentation rates, B10:8–9, 11–12, 14–15, 17–18
stratigraphy, A1:11–12
See also Eocene–Oligocene transition; Eocene/Oligocene boundary
Oligocene, lower
benthic foraminifers, A3:28
biostratigraphy, A3:23
diatoms, A7:31
dinocysts, B3:1–48
gateways, B1:34–35
neritic environment, B10:4
ocean circulation, A1:91
palynomorphs, A7:32
planktonic foraminifers, A3:27–28; A5:25–26; A6:31; A7:28
sedimentation rates, A5:35; B10:15
terranes, A1:9
Oligocene, lower/middle boundary, sedimentation rates, A5:35
Oligocene, lower/upper boundary
age models, B3:6; B9:8
biostratigraphy, A3:22; A7:23
dinocysts, B3:9
hiatuses, A6:36
sedimentation rates, B10:18
Oligocene, upper
lithologic units, A6:13–14
ocean circulation, A1:92
planktonic foraminifers, A3:27; A5:25; A7:27–28
Oligocene–Miocene transition, age models, B9:7
holoplanktonic diatoms, B10:4
ooze, B10:3
Oligocene/Miocene boundary
age models, B3:6
dinocysts, B2:7
hiatuses, B1:6
lithologic units, A6:13–14
nannofossils, B7:3, 6, 25
ostracodes, A3:28–29
planktonic foraminifers, A5:25; A6:31
sedimentation rates, A5:35; B10:9, 12, 15, 18
Oligocene/Miocene hiatus, planktonic foraminifers, A7:27–28
Miocene, B1:3
Pleistocene, B1:4
Pliocene, B1:4
ooze, calcareous biogenic, lithologic units, A3:10–11
ooze, foraminifer, lithologic units, A3:11
ooze, foraminifer nannofossil, lithologic units, A6:12; A7:11–12
ooze, foraminifer-bearing nannofossil, lithologic units, A6:12
ooze, nannofossil
lithologic units, A3:10–11; A4:6–9; A5:10–12; A6:12–13; A7:11–12
photograph, A3:68; A7:62–63
ooze, nannofossil foraminifer, lithologic units, A3:11; A6:12–13
ooze, pelagic calcareous, Oligocene–Quaternary, B10:3
diagenesis, A3:45; A6:53; A7:45
sediments, A5:47
siliciclastics, B11:3–5
vs. age, B11:9–12
organic matter
degradation, A5:47; A7:44
dinocysts, A5:43
lithologic units, A3:13–14, 38; A5:41–44; A6:17–19, 45–48
paleoenvironment, A3:19–21
preservation, A5:43–44
sediments, A3:38, 43, 158–159; A5:69; A7:40, 138
siliciclastics, B11:3–6
vs. depth, A3:67; A6:77–78; A7:61, 65
ostracodes, biostratigraphy, A3:28–29; A4:13; A5:26–28; A6:32–34; A7:28–30
Otway Basin, Cenozoic, B1:20
oxidation, sediments, A3:38–40
oxygen index, sediments, A3:38–39, 158–159; A5:41, 154–155; A6:45, 163–164; A7:41, 138
oxygen isotopes
age models, B9:5–6
benthic foraminifers, B9:4–5
comparison of Sites 1170 and 1190, B9:11
Cretaceous–Cenozoic, B10:6–7
dinocysts, B4:15
Miocene foraminifers, B13:1–12
sea-level changes, A1:67
temperature, B1:29
vs. age, B9:11
vs. depth, B9:13–15; B13:5–6
gateway history, B1:8–11
paleoenvironment, A6:48


diatoms, A5:29; A6:35
history, B10:3
age models, B9:7–8
Cenozoic, A1:1–6, 57–60
Neogene, A1:12–13; B1:18
clay mineralogy, B11:4–5
dinocysts, B3:8
gateway history, B1:8–11
lithologic units, A7:16–18
paleoenvironment, A1:50–53
progradation, A1:7
sedimentation rates, B10:18
unconformities, B1:9
Paleocene, middle/upper boundary, age models, B3:6
Paleocene, upper
deposition, A6:19–21
dinocysts, A7:34–35
hiatuses, B1:3
Paleocene–Eocene transition, sedimentation rates, B10:17
Paleocene/Eocene boundary
age models, B3:6
deposition, A6:19–21
dinocysts, A6:38–39
uplifts, B1:7
Paleocene/Eocene Thermal Maximum
dinocysts, B5:6
sedimentation rates, B10:17
Cenozoic, A1:1–6
clay mineralogy, A3:16–17; A5:17–19; A6:23–25; A7:19–21
dinocysts, B2:10–11; B3:11–12
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A7:24–25
gateway history, B1:8–11
Neogene, B1:16, 18; B5:5–6
principal results, A1:15–18, 30–32
sedimentation, A1:34–35
benthic foraminifers, A5:27–28; A6:92
diatoms, A5:29–30
paleoecology, dinocysts, B4:13–15vs. depth, A3:80; A4:33; A5:75
biogenic component, A3:18–21
carbon/nitrogen ratio, A3:19–21
carbon/sulfur ratio, A3:18, 20–21
Cenozoic, B1:4
clay mineralogy, A3:15–17; A5:17–19; A6:23–25; A7:19–21
deposition, A1:26–27
dinocysts, A6:39; A7:35; B2:9–11; B3:11–12
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A1:53–55; A7:24–25
Eocene/Oligocene boundary, A3:20
glauconite, A3:20–21
hiatuses, A3:19
lithologic units, A5:15–16
lithology, A3:18–21
marine incursions, A3:19–20
organic matter, A3:19–21
Paleocene–Eocene, A1:50–53
Paleogene, A1:12; A7:24–25; B4:16
principal results, A1:15–17, 22, 30–32
sedimentary basins, A6:19–21
seismic profiles, A3:18
siliciclastics, A3:19–21
tectonics, A3:18
upper Eocene, A3:78
See also abyssal environment; anoxic environment; antarctic environment; bathyal environment; brackish environment; deltaic environment; estuarine environment; euphotic environment; eutrophic environment; fluvial environment; humid environment; lacustrine environment; marine environment; neritic environment; shelf environment; subantarctic environment; suboxic environment; subtropical environment; temperate environment
paleoexport production, Quaternary, B1:19
age vs. depth, B10:28, 31, 34, 37
biostratigraphy, A7:23–24
history, A1:11–12, 57–59; B1:3
lithology vs. depth, A7:61, 65
margin carbonates, A1:55–56
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B8:1–14; B10:3
paleoenvironment, A7:24–25; B4:16
radiolarians, A7:30–31
sedimentation rates, B10:8–9, 11–12, 14–15, 17–18
sediments, A1:7
See also Cretaceous–Paleogene succession; Maastrichtian–Paleogene
Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary, A1:66
Eocene/Oligocene boundary, A1:72
gateway history, B1:8–11, 34–35
middle Eocene, A1:71
sedimentary basins, A6:20
upper Eocene, A3:78
Site 1168, A3:34–36
Site 1169, A4:17–18
Site 1170, A5:36–38
Site 1171, A6:40–43
Site 1172, A7:36–39
summary, A1:37–38
Eocene–Oligocene transition, B1:14
geochemistry, A3:39–40
lithologic units, A7:19
paleoprovinces, dinocysts, B5:6
paleowater, nannofossils, A4:11
Cretaceous–Cenozoic age models, B3:6–7
Eocene–Oligocene transition, B3:26
Maastrichtian–Eocene sequence, B3:27
Quaternary, B3:24–25
biostratigraphy, A3:31–33; A4:15–16; A5:30–35; A6:36–39; A7:32–35
distribution, A3:145–148; A7:126–127
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A5:74
Maastrichtian–Paleogene, B10:3
paleoenvironment, B10:4
photomicrograph, B2:23–35
vs. depth, B2:20
See also phototrophic dinoflagellates
palynomorphs, offshore, vs. depth, B3:23
palynomorphs, terrestrial, vs. depth, B3:23
age models, B9:4
Marsall Paraconformity, B1:15
sediments, A5:45, 156–157; A6:49
See also iso-pentane; nona-pentane
peridinioid/gonyaulacoid ratio, dinocysts, A5:34
pore water, A3:43, 161; A4:21, 60; A5:47, 158; A6:51, 166; A7:44, 140
vs. depth, A3:93; A4:38; A5:92; A6:105; A7:84
sediments, B12:2–3, 7–12
vs. depth, B12:5
phosphorus/titanium ratio
sediments, B12:2–3
vs. depth, B12:6
photoelectric effect logs, vs. depth, A3:110; A5:106; A6:118, 124; A7:97
phototrophic dinoflagellates, paleoenvironment, A5:34
physical properties
Site 1168, A3:45–47
Site 1169, A4:22–24
Site 1170, A5:49–52
Site 1171, A6:54–56
Site 1172, A7:46–48
summary, A1:38–40
plate tectonics, extension, A1:8–9; B2:2
biostratigraphy, A3:22
clay mineralogy, A5:19; B11:5
dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:42
dinocysts, A5:30
dinoflagellates, A4:16
hiatuses, B6:11
lithologic units, A3:10–11; A5:10–11; A6:12; A7:11–12
ooze, B1:4
palynomorphs, A7:32
See also Pliocene–Pleistocene interval; Pliocene/Pleistocene boundary
clay mineralogy, A5:19
dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:42
dinocysts, B2:9
gateway history, B1:17–19
lithologic units, A3:10–11; A4:7–8; A5:10–11; A6:12–13; A7:11–12
ooze, B1:4
palynomorphs, A7:32
planktonic foraminifers, A3:25; A4:12; A5:23; A6:30; A7:27
radiolarians, A4:13–14
sedimentation rates, B10:9–10, 12–13, 18–20
See also Miocene/Pliocene boundary
Pliocene, lower
dinocysts, A5:31
dinoflagellates, A4:16
Pliocene, lower/upper boundary
age models, B3:5
biostratigraphy, A3:22
sedimentation rates, B10:10, 16, 19
Pliocene, upper
clay mineralogy, B11:5
dinocysts, A5:30
dinoflagellates, A4:16
nannofossils, A7:25
Pliocene–Pleistocene interval, sedimentation rates, B10:13, 16, 20
Pliocene/Pleistocene boundary
age models, B3:5
biostratigraphic datums, B6:9–12
biostratigraphy, A3:22; A7:22–23
nannofossils, A4:10; B6:4
Quaternary nannofossils, B6:5–6
sedimentation rates, B10:10, 16
Polar Front
Cenozoic, A1:3; B1:21
hydrography, A1:10–11
pore water
geochemistry, A3:161; A4:60; A5:158; A6:166
summary, A1:42–43
sediments, A4:64; A5:164–167; A6:172–176; A7:147–149
siliciclastics, B11:3
vs. depth, A3:104; A4:47; A5:101; A6:116; A7:92
See also void ratio
porosity logs
vs. depth, A3:110, 112, 114; A5:106, 109; A6:118, 124; A7:97
See also density porosity logs; neutron porosity logs
comparison with potassium/chloride ratio, A6:107
diffusion, A5:49
geochemical zonation, A4:22
pore water, A3:44, 161; A4:21–22, 60; A5:48, 158; A6:52, 166; A7:45, 140
vs. depth, A3:94; A4:40; A5:93; A6:107; A7:85
potassium/chloride ratio, vs. depth, A3:95
potassium logs, vs. depth, A3:111; A5:107; A6:119, 124; A7:98
benthic foraminifers, A5:27
Neogene, B1:16
organic matter, A5:43–44
vs. depth, A5:75
pressure solution seams
lithologic units, A6:18
See also solution seams
dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:37
See also Bartonian/Priabonian boundary
Priabonian/Rupelian boundary, sedimentation rates, B10:9, 15, 18
deltaic environment, A3:18–21
Eocene, A1:7
sediments, A3:40–42, 158–160; A5:156–157; A6:49–50, 165; A7:139
See also methane/ethane+propane ratio
Prydz Bay
dinocysts, B4:14
Eocene–Oligocene transition, B1:14
expansion, A1:56
Neogene, B1:17
lithologic units, A3:11, 13–14; A5:10–12; A6:12–15
siliciclastics, B11:3–6
vs. age, B11:9–12
vs. depth, B9:18
siliciclastics, B11:3–6
vs. age, B11:9–12


lithologic units, A5:13–15; A7:13–18
paleoenvironment, A5:15–16
sediments, A5:68–69
siliciclastics, B11:3–6
upper Eocene, B1:12
vs. age, B11:9–12
vs. depth, A6:77–78; A7:61, 65; B9:18
quartz grains, lithologic units, A6:12–15; A7:15
age vs. depth, B10:29, 32, 35, 38
dinocysts, B2:9; B3:1–48; B10:3
gateway history, B1:17–19
history, A1:12–13
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B1:6; B6:1–26
planktonic foraminifers, A4:11; A5:22–23; A6:30; A7:26–27
radiolarians, A7:30
sedimentation rates, B10:9–10, 12–13, 18–20
zonation, B6:17
See also Oligocene–Quaternary


biostratigraphy, A1:36; A3:29–30; A4:13–14; A5:28–29; A6:34–35; A7:30–31
datum core depths, A6:144
datums, A3:141–142; A5:135; A7:120
lithologic units, A4:7; A6:12–15
paleoenvironment, B10:4
sediments, A5:68–69
upper Eocene–Oligocene–Miocene, B10:3
vs. depth, A6:75, 77–78, 108; A7:61, 65
carbonates, A3:44; A4:21
summary, A1:43
lithologic units, A3:12
vs. depth, A3:86; A5:86; A6:99; A7:78–79
reflectance stratigraphy, Cretaceous–Cenozoic, B10:6–7
comparison with magnetic susceptibility, A3:71, 73
vs. depth, A3:71, 73
See also chromaticity; lightness
relative sediment disturbance, vs. depth, A4:29–30
remanent magnetization
Cenozoic, A1:38
discrete samples, A3:35–36
long-core data, A3:34–35
remanent magnetization, anhysteretic
magnetic characterization, A3:34–36, 85; A4:35; A5:36–38, 83; A6:41–43; A7:37–39
vs. depth, A5:84; A6:97
remanent magnetization, isothermal
magnetic characterization, A3:34–36, 85; A4:35; A5:36–38, 83; A6:41–43; A7:37–39
vs. depth, A5:84; A6:97
remanent magnetization, natural
discrete samples, A4:18; A5:37–38; A6:42–43; A7:38
long-core data, A4:17–18; A5:36–37; A6:41–42; A7:37–38
magnetic characterization, A3:34–36, 85; A4:35; A5:36–38, 83; A6:41–43; A7:37–39
principal component analysis, A3:84
remanent magnetization, normalized isothermal, vs. depth, A7:76
resistivity logs
vs. depth, A1:87; A3:109
See also deep resistivity logs; medium resistivity logs; shallow resistivity logs
upper Eocene, B1:12
vs. depth, A3:80
deposition, A1:6
tectonics, B1:6
terranes, A1:9
rock magnetism, Cenozoic, A1:38
Rock-Eval data, sediments, A3:38, 158–159; A6:163–164; A7:138
dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:38
See also Priabonian/Rupelian boundary
Rupelian/Chattian boundary, sedimentation rates, B10:9, 18


pore water, A3:42–43, 161; A4:20–21, 60; A5:46, 158; A6:50–51, 166;
A7:43–44, 140
vs. depth, A3:92; A5:91
photograph, A3:68
vs. depth, B9:13–15, 17
depocenters, A1:7
lithologic units, A6:20
Santonian, dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:29
Scotia Sea, dinocysts, B4:14
sea-floor spreading
Chron 34, A1:9
oceanic crust, A1:7
tectonics, A1:46–49; B1:7
sea-level changes
lower–middle Eocene, B1:10
oxygen isotopes, A1:67
paleoenvironment, B2:10
well-log units, A6:60
seaways, Oligocene opening, B1:4
sediment transport, clay mineralogy, A3:17
sedimentary basins
maps, B1:28
paleoenvironment, A3:18–21; A5:15–16
paleogeography, A6:20
biostratigraphy, A6:26–27
Cenozoic, A1:1–4
paleoclimatology, A1:34–35
regional scale, A1:43–44
summary, A1:33
sedimentation phases, Tasmanian–Antarctic region, B1:4
sedimentation rates
age models, A4:16–17; A5:35–36; A6:39–40; A7:36; B6:8–10; B9:8
biomagnetostratigraphic datums, B6:23–24
biostratigraphy, A3:33–34
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A6:21; B1:14
glauconite, A6:20–21
lithologic units, A4:8–9
lower–middle Eocene, B1:10
Oligocene/Miocene boundary, A6:26
principal results, A1:25–26, 30–31
Quaternary, B6:18
summary, A1:84
vs. age, B9:20
vs. depth, A4:33; A5:75
well-log units, A5:55
composition, A3:67; A5:68
geochemistry, B12:1–13
thickness, A1:74
sediments, brecciated
lithologic units, A3:12
photograph, A3:75
dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:33
dinocysts, B3:8
seismic profiles
cross sections, A1:73; A3:59; A5:62; A7:54
paleoenvironment, A3:18
postdrilling interpretation, A1:77–80; A3:57; A5:60; A6:65; A7:53
Site 1168, A3:58
Site 1169, A4:27
Site 1170, A5:61
Site 1171, A6:67
Site 1172, A7:55
sequence boundary, photograph, A6:87
Serravallian, dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:41
Serravallian/Tortonian boundary, sedimentation rates, B10:12, 19
Seymour Island, dinocysts, B4:14
shale, organic-rich, sediments, A3:52
shallow resistivity logs, vs. depth, A5:105; A7:96
shear strength, vs. depth, A4:45
shear strength, undrained
comparison with gamma-ray attenuation bulk density, A3:107; A5:103
sediments, A3:165; A4:62; A5:51, 163; A6:56, 171; A7:48, 146
vs. depth, A3:107; A6:115; A7:94
shear strength, vane, sediments, A3:47; A4:23
shear wave velocity logs, vs. depth, A3:110; A5:106; A7:97
shelf environment, middle–upper Eocene, A1:52
shell fragments, lithologic units, A3:13, 15; A5:14–15; A7:16–18
photograph, A6:82
siderite, lithologic units, A6:18
comparison with radiolarian abundance, A6:108
comparison with sponge spicules, A3:81
pore water, A3:44–45, 161; A4:22, 60; A5:47, 158; A6:53, 166; A7:44–45, 140
vs. depth, A3:93, 97; A4:41; A5:92; A6:108; A7:84
alteration, A7:45
vs. depth, A3:67
siliceous microfossils, vs. depth, A3:67, 81
bulk mineralogy, B11:3–6
clay mineralogy, A5:18–19
deposition, A1:30–32
diffusion, A5:49
Eocene–Oligocene transition, B1:13, 29
lithologic units, A3:11–15; A5:13–15; A7:18–19
lithostratigraphy summary, A1:32–33; B1:21
Maastrichtian–Paleogene, B10:3
paleoenvironment, A1:22; A3:19–21
photograph, A6:76
regional scale, A1:43–44, 58–59
review, B1:4
upper Eocene, B1:11
biostratigraphy, A3:30–31; A4:14–15; A5:29–30; A6:35–36; A7:31–32
distribution and abundance, A3:143–144
lithologic units, A4:7
relative abundance, A4:53; A5:136–139; A6:145–149; A7:121–124
deposition, A1:7
Paleocene, A6:19–21
siltstone, clayey
lithologic units, A3:14–15; A5:13–14; A6:17–19; A7:12–13
Oligocene, B1:16
siltstone, clayey glauconitic, lithologic units, A6:14
siltstone, glauconite-bearing diatomaceous clayey, lithologic units, A7:13–14
siltstone, glauconitic
bulk mineralogy, B11:3
Eocene–Oligocene transition, B1:14
photograph, A7:67
upper Eocene, B1:12
siltstone, glauconitic clayey, photograph, A3:76
siltstone, glauconitic diatomaceous clayey, lithologic units, A7:13–14
siltstone, glauconitic sandy, lithologic units, A6:14
siltstone, nannofossil, lithologic units, A3:13
siltstone, organic clayey, lithologic units, A3:14
Site 277, Miocene–Pliocene, A1:10
Site 280, drilling, A1:9–10
Site 281, drilling, A1:9–10
Site 282
drilling, A1:9–10
upper Eocene paleogeography and paleoenvironment, A3:78
Site 1120, hiatuses, B6:11
Site 1126, hiatuses, B6:11
Site 1127, hiatuses, B6:11
Site 1130, hiatuses, B6:11
Site 1132, hiatuses, B6:11
Site 1168, A3:1–171
background and objectives, A3:4–6
biostratigraphy, A3:21–34
bulk and clay mineralogy, B11:9
composite depths, A3:36–37
downhole measurements, A3:47–52
inorganic geochemistry, A3:42–45
late Eocene–Quaternary dinocysts, B2:1–36
lithostratigraphy, A3:8–21
Miocene nannofossil stratigraphic distribution, B7:17
Miocene nannofossils, B7:3–5
Oligocene–Miocene age models, B9:3–4, 6–7
Oligocene/Miocene boundary nannofossil stratigraphic distribution, B7:18
operations, A3:6–8
organic geochemistry, A3:37–42
Paleogene nannofossils, B8:6–7
paleomagnetism, A3:34–36
physical properties, A3:45–47
principal results, A1:14–17; A3:1–4
Quaternary nannofossils, B6:4–6
sedimentation rates, B10:8–10
site description, A3:1–171
Site 1169, A4:1–64
background and objectives, A4:3–4
biostratigraphy, A4:9–17
inorganic geochemistry, A4:20–22
lithostratigraphy, A4:6–9
operations, A4:4–5
organic geochemistry, A4:19–20
paleomagnetism, A4:17–18
physical properties, A4:22–24
principal results, A1:17–18; A4:1–2
site description, A4:1–64
Site 1170, A5:1–167
background and objectives, A5:6–7
biostratigraphy, A5:19–36
bulk and clay mineralogy, B11:10
composite depths, A5:39–40
coring summary, A5:115–117
dinocysts vs. depth, B4:25
downhole measurements, A5:52–55
Eocene–Oligocene transition dinocysts, B4:8–10
inorganic geochemistry, A5:46–49
lithostratigraphy, A5:9–19
Miocene calcareous microfossils, B13:1–12
Miocene nannofossil stratigraphic distribution, B7:19
Miocene nannofossils, B7:5–6
Oligocene–Miocene age models, B9:4–5
operations, A5:8–9
organic geochemistry, A5:40–45
Paleogene nannofossils, B8:8–9
paleomagnetism, A5:36–38
palynology, B4:28–29
physical properties, A5:49–52
principal results, A1:18–23; A5:1–5
Quaternary nannofossils, B6:6
sedimentation rates, B10:10–13
site description, A5:1–167
Site 1171, A6:1–176
background and objectives, A6:6–8
biostratigraphy, A6:25–40
bulk and clay mineralogy, B11:11
composite depths, A6:43–44
coring summary, A6:126–128
dinocysts, vs. depth, B4:25
downhole measurements, A6:56–60
Eocene–Oligocene transition dinocysts, B4:8–10
inorganic geochemistry, A6:50–54
lithostratigraphy, A6:10–25, 129
Miocene nannofossil stratigraphic distribution, B7:20
Miocene nannofossils, B7:6–8
Oligocene–Miocene age models, B9:5–6
operations, A6:8–10
organic geochemistry, A6:44–50
paleomagnetism, A6:40–43Paleogene nannofossils, B8:10–11
palynology, B4:30–31
physical properties, A6:54–56
principal results, A1:23–28; A6:1–6
Quaternary nannofossils, B6:7
sediment geochemistry, B12:1–13
sedimentation rates, B10:14–16
site description, A6:1–176
Site 1172, A7:1–149
background and objectives, A7:6–8
biostratigraphy, A7:22–36; B3:1–48
bulk and clay mineralogy, B11:12
composite depths, A7:39–40
coring summary, A7:102–104
dinocysts, B3:1–48
dinocysts vs. depth, B4:25
downhole measurements, A7:48–50
Eocene–Oligocene transition dinocysts, B4:7
inorganic geochemistry, A7:43–45
lithostratigraphic summary, A7:105
lithostratigraphy, A7:10–21
Miocene calcareous microfossils, B13:1–12
Miocene nannofossil stratigraphic distribution, B7:21
Miocene nannofossils, B7:8–9
Oligocene–Miocene age models, B9:6
operations, A7:9–10
organic geochemistry, A7:40–43
Paleogene nannofossils, B8:12–13
paleomagnetism, A7:36–39
palynology, B4:32–37
physical properties, A7:46–48
principal results, A1:28–32; A7:1–5
Quaternary nannofossils, B6:8
sedimentation rates, B10:16–20
site description, A7:1–149
slumps, lithologic units, A3:12
lithologic units, A5:17–19, 71
paleoclimatology, A1:34–35
paleoenvironment, A3:15–17
terrigenous component, B11:4–5
upper Eocene, B1:11
vs. age, B11:9–12
vs. depth, A3:77; A6:22–25, 88; A7:69
comparison with sodium/chloride ratio, A6:104
pore water, A3:42–43, 161; A4:20, 60; A5:46, 158; A6:50–51, 166; A7:43–44, 140
vs. depth, A3:92; A4:37; A5:91; A6:104; A7:83
sodium/chloride ratio
comparison with sodium, A6:104
vs. depth, A6:104
solution seams
photograph, A7:64
See also pressure solution seams
South Tasman Rise
bathymetry, A1:7–8
collapse, A1:7
continental blocks, A1:49–50
Cretaceous–Paleogene movements, A1:75
dinocysts, vs. depth, B4:25
lithofacies, B1:30–31
lithostratigraphy summary, A1:32–33
Miocene calcareous microfossils, B13:1–12
Paleogene, B1:3
plate tectonics, A1:8–9
site description, A4:1–64; A5:1–167; A6:1–176
tectonics, A1:6
tectonics summary, A1:33
trajectory of drilling, A1:69
ventilation, A6:19–21
South Tasman Saddle, deposition, A1:7–8
Southern Ocean
Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary, A1:66
dinocysts bioevents, B5:1–98
evolution, A1:57–60
geology, A1:1–98
Neogene paleoclimatology, B1:18
palynology, B4:1–42
splice tie points
Site 1168, A3:153
Site 1170, A5:149
Site 1171, A6:158
Site 1172, A7:133
sponge spicules
biostratigraphy, A3:30–31; A4:14–15; A5:29–30; A6:35–36; A7:31–32
comparison with silica, A3:81
distribution and abundance, A7:121–124
lithologic units, A4:7; A6:12–15
relative abundance, A4:53; A5:136–139; A6:145–149
sediments, A5:68–69
vs. depth, A3:81, 97; A6:75, 77–78; A7:61, 65; B9:18
biostratigraphy, A3:32–33; A7:34
Cretaceous–Cenozoic age models, B3:6–7
distribution, A4:55; A5:141
stable isotopes
benthic foraminifers, B9:4–5
Miocene foraminifers, B13:1–12
stratigraphic units, correlation, A1:82
stratigraphy, principal results, A1:14–18, 21, 23–30
strike-slip faults
rifting, A1:6–7; B1:20
unconformities, A1:26
pore water, A3:43–44, 161; A4:21, 60; A5:47–48, 158; A6:52, 166; A7:44, 140;
vs. depth, A1:89; A3:94; A4:39; A5:93; A6:106; A7:83
strontium/calcium ratio
sediments, A5:47–48
vs. depth, A6:52, 106; A7:44, 83
strontium/chloride ratio, vs. depth, A3:95
structures, maps, A1:74
subantarctic environment, biostratigraphy, A6:27
Subantarctic Front
gateway history, B1:17
hydrography, A1:10–11
planktonic foraminifers, A4:11
suboxic environment, lithology, A3:19–20
benthic foraminifers, A6:33
clay mineralogy, A3:16–17
continental margin, B1:4
deposition, A6:19–21
Eocene–Oligocene transition, B1:13, 20
gateways, B1:15–19
Subtropical Convergence
diatoms, A7:31
gateway history, B1:17
hydrography, A1:10–11
radiolarians, A4:13
subtropical currents, sedimentation, A1:34
subtropical environment, planktonic foraminifers, B10:3
subtropical flora, Quaternary, B3:7
Subtropical Front
clay mineralogy, A7:19
hydrography, A1:10–11
planktonic foraminifers, A4:11
subtropical waters, Neogene, B1:16
comparison with methane, A6:105
pore water, A3:43, 161; A4:21, 60; A5:47, 158; A6:51, 166; A7:44, 140
vs. depth, A1:89; A3:93; A4:38; A5:92; A6:105; A7:82, 84
sulfate reduction
ooze, A6:54
sediments, A3:41, 43
sulfur. See carbon/sulfur ratio
sulfur, total
sediments, A3:37–38, 154–157; A5:150–153; A6:159–162; A7:134–137
vs. depth, A3:88; A5:88; A6:101; A7:81
surface waters
Neogene, B1:17
ocean circulation, A1:90–92


Tasman Fracture Zone
clay mineralogy, A5:18
deposition, A1:8
tectonics, B1:7
geology, A1:1–89
tectonics, A1:46–49
Tasmania Margin W
lithofacies, B1:30–31
site description, A3:1–171
Tasmanian Gateway
bulk and clay mineral assemblages, B11:1–34
Cretaceous–Cenozoic biomagnetostratigraphy, B10:1–57
Cretaceous–Holocene history, B1:1–37
deepening, B3:12; B4:16
deposition, A6:19–21
evolution, A1:49–50
Miocene nannofossil biostratigraphy, B7:1–39
opening, A1:4–5, 12, 53–55
Paleogene nannofossil biostratigraphy, B8:1–14
Quaternary nannofossil biostratigraphy, B6:1–26
tectonics, A1:48
Tasmanian land bridge, geology, A1:1–98; B1:20–21
Tasmanian region
comparison with Antarctica, B1:16–17
Cretaceous–Cenozoic deposition, A1:6–10
Gondwana Upper Cretaceous, A1:70
setting within Gondwana in the Late Cretaceous, B1:33
synthesis, B1:1–37
Tasmanian–Antarctic region, sedimentation phases, B1:4
Tasmanian–Antarctic Shear Zone, tectonics, A1:45–49; B1:7
evolution, A1:45–49, 98; B1:6–7
paleoenvironment, A3:18
summary, A1:33
temperate environment
biostratigraphy, A6:27
planktonic foraminifers, B10:3
sediments, A3:38–40, 46–47; A7:41–42, 138
vs. age, B1:29
vs. depth, A3:89, 106; A5:41–44, 89, 102; A6:45, 49–50, 102, 114; A7:93
vs. time, A3:105
temperature, in-situ, sediments, A3:46–47; A5:51; A6:55; A7:47
temperature, sea-surface, Quaternary, B1:19
tension cracks, compressional wave velocity, A3:46
terranes, rifting, A1:9
terrigenous component
clay mineralogy, B11:4–5
Quaternary, B1:19
siliciclastics, B11:3–6
terrigenous–carbonate transition, review, B1:4
Tertiary. See Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary
Thanetian, dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:33
thermal conductivity
sediments, A3:46, 164; A4:23, 63; A5:50, 162; A6:55, 170; A7:47, 145
vs. depth, A3:103; A4:46; A5:100; A6:113; A7:91
thermal maturation, sediments, A3:41; A5:45; A6:45
thermocline, paleoceanography, A1:13
thermohaline circulation
gateways, B1:34–35
Neogene, B1:17
Paleogene, A1:56
thickness, sediments, A1:74
thorium/uranium ratio, vs. depth, A3:118
thorium logs
power spectra, A5:112
vs. depth, A3:111; A5:107, 113; A6:119, 124–125; A7:98
sediments, B12:2–3, 7–12
vs. depth, B12:5
See also aluminum/titanium ratio; barium/titanium ratio; –iron/titanium ratio; phosphorus/titanium ratio
dinocyst first and last occurrences, B5:41
See also Serravallian/Tortonian boundary
trace elements, sediments, B12:2–3
Transantarctic flora
assemblages, B4:16
Cretaceous–Cenozoic, B3:7
paleoenvironment, B2:10
review, B1:5
Transantarctic Mountains
Cenozoic, B1:20
tectonics, A1:45–49
transform faults, terranes, A1:9
clay mineralogy, A3:16–17
tectonics, B1:6
traveltime, velocity vs. depth, A5:114
traveltime, two-way, vs. depth, A3:117; A6:122
Turonian, dinocyst first occurrences, B5:27


strike-slip faults, A1:26
See also disconformities; hiatuses; Marshall Paraconformity; paraconformities
Lower Cretaceous, A1:7
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B1:7, 20
upwelling, Eocene–Oligocene transition, B1:14
uranium logs
power spectra, A5:112
vs. depth, A3:111; A5:107, 113; A6:119, 124; A7:98
uranium. See thorium/uranium ratio


veins, siliceous, lithologic units, A6:18
velocity, acoustic, sediments, A7:46–47
velocity logs
vs. depth, A3:110, 115; A5:106, 111; A7:97, 101
See also compressional wave velocity logs; shear wave velocity logs
bottom water, A1:34
deposition, A6:19–21
early Oligocene, B3:12
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A7:24–25
lithologic units, A7:18–19
lower–middle Eocene, B1:11
Paleocene–Eocene, A1:51
Victoria Land Basin
Cenozoic, A1:3; B1:20
Eocene–Oligocene transition, B1:13
tectonics, A1:47
void ratio
sediments, A5:164–167; A6:172–176; A7:147–149
See also porosity
volcanic component, vs. depth, A7:61
volcanic glass
lithologic units, A6:13–15; A7:12–18
sediments, A5:69
vs. depth, A6:77–78; A7:65
volcaniclastics, rifting, A1:6


warm climate, dinocysts, B5:7
water content
sediments, A4:64; A5:51, 164–167; A6:172–176; A7:48, 147–149
vs. depth, A3:104; A4:23, 47; A5:101; A6:116; A7:92
water masses
isolation, B3:11
Neogene, A1:12–13
weathering, clay mineralogy, A6:24
Weddell Sea
dinocysts, B4:14
Eocene–Oligocene transition, B1:14
well-log Unit 1, lithologic units, A3:49–50; A5:54; A6:58
well-log Unit 2, lithologic units, A3:50; A5:54; A6:58
well-log Unit 3, lithologic units, A3:50; A5:54; A6:58–59
well-log Unit 4, lithologic units, A3:50; A6:59
well-log Unit 5, lithologic units, A3:50; A6:59
well-log units
lithologic units, A3:49–50; A5:53–55; A6:58–60
sedimentation rates, A5:55
gas hydrates, A3:51–52
summary, A1:38–40; A3:47–49, 108; A5:104; A6:117; A7:95
See also core–log correlation
Western Boundary Current, paleoceanography, A1:13
wetness, vs. depth, A3:47, 91; A5:90; A6:56, 103
wind transport, gateways, B1:18, 21
winnowing, upper Eocene, B1:12


dinocyst first occurrences, B5:34
dinocyst last occurrences, B5:35
Ypresian/Lutetian boundary, sedimentation rates, B10:14, 17


z-component, paleomagnetism, B10:5
Zanclean. See Messinian/Zanclean boundary
Zanclean/Piacenzian boundary, sedimentation rates, B10:10, 16, 19
zonation, Quaternary nannofossils, B6:4
lithologic units, A3:12; A6:14–15, 18; A7:11, 13, 15–16
photograph, A7:66