ablation, volcanic ash, B18:7–8
Acarinina spp., vs. depth, B9:14
Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary, B1:4
vs. chert color, A1:127
vs. oxygen isotopes, A1:96; B1:27
age vs. depth
biostratigraphy, A4:55–59; A6:50–54; A7:34, 46–50; A8:31, 43–47; A9:73–75; A10:22–23; B2:15–17; B7:44, 46–47
Eocene–Maastrichtian interval, A5:62
magnetic polarity, A4:54; A5:54; A6:47; A7:43; A8:40
Miocene–Eocene interval, A5:60
Neogene, A5:59; A9:74
Oligocene–Paleocene interval, A5:61
sedimentation rates, B22:15
Shatsky Rise, A1:134
Site 1207, A3:83–86
Sites 1209–1212, A1:121
Upper Cretaceous–Upper Jurassic, A9:75
age models
astronomic solution, B22:29–30
magnetostratigraphy, B22:28
air falls, volcanic ash, B18:7–8
age vs. depth, A8:47; A10:23
benthic foraminifers, A9:22
biostratigraphy, A1:57; A10:2–3
calcareous nannofossils, A3:20; A4:18; A9:19; B6:4
lithologic units, A4:12–13
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B7:10
photomicrograph, A3:76, 78
planktonic foraminifers, A4:20; A9:21
reduction, A9:16
stratigraphy, A8:5
unconformities, A9:25
See also Aptian–Albian interval
Albian, lower
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B7:9–10
oceanic anoxic events, B1:6
Albian, middle
benthic foraminifers, A4:21
biostratigraphy, B7:6
Albian, upper
biostratigraphy, B7:6
lithologic units, A8:10; A10:5–9
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B7:10
Albian–Maastrichtian interval, isotope data, A1:97
pore water, A3:34; A4:26; A5:27; A6:24; A7:23; A8:21; A9:30
vs. ammonium, A4:65
vs. depth, A3:94; A4:64; A5:65; A6:58; A7:54; A8:51
vs. phosphate, A4:65
lithologic units, A9:13
photograph, A10:20
photomicrograph, A3:77; A9:65
See also authigenesis; hydrothermal alteration
alteration zone, photomicrograph, A9:68–69
aluminum, siliceous rocks, B17:9–10, 23
pore water, A3:34; A4:26; A5:27; A6:24; A7:23–24; A8:21; A9:30
vs. alkalinity, A4:65
vs. depth, A1:140; A3:94; A4:64; A5:65; A6:58; A7:54; A8:51
amygdules, lithologic units, A9:13
anoxic events
lower Aptian, A1:21–22
lower Aptian–Valanginian, A1:48–49
mid-Cretaceous, A1:13–14
sediments, A1:47; A9:3–4
See also oceanic anoxic event
aphyric texture, lithologic units, A9:12–13
age vs. depth, A10:23
benthic foraminifers, A3:24
calcareous nannofossils, A3:20
lithologic units, A9:11
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B7:9
organic carbon, A3:129
organic-rich sediments, A3:30–32
radiolarians, A9:23
reduction, A9:16
unconformities, A9:25
Aptian, lower
aliphatic hydrocarbons, A3:91–92
anoxic events, A1:21–22; A3:5–7; B1:5–6
benthic foraminifers, B1:27
black shale, A3:42–43; A9:33
hydrocarbons, A9:27
hydrogen index vs. oxygen index, A3:90; A9:26–27, 77
lithologic units, A3:14
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B7:9
oceanic anoxic event, A1:54, 64–66, 128; B1:5–6; B16:1–31
organic carbon, A9:3–4
organic matter, A1:62–63
photograph, A3:71; A9:43–45; A10:19; B1:37
Aptian, lower–Valanginian interval, anoxic events, A1:48–49
Aptian, upper, nannofossil biostratigraphy, B7:9–10
Aptian–Albian interval, sedimentation rates, A10:12–13
argon isotopes, sills, B1:4
Arkhangelskiellaceae, photomicrograph, B7:76–77
astrochronology, cyclic processes, B1:18; B22:5
astronomical solution, obliquity, B22:21–26
Austral PBZ, biogeography, B5:9–11
clay minerals, A1:55–56
oceanic anoxic event, B16:6
silica, B16:4–5
Axopodorhabdaceae, photomicrograph, B7:68–69


bacteria, oceanic anoxic event, A3:29
Eocene/Oligocene boundary, B11:1–16
vs. carbonate content, B11:13
vs. depth, B11:12
carbonates, B13:5
paleoproductivity proxies, B11:3–4
pore water, A3:37; A4:28; A5:28–29; A6:26; A7:25; A8:23; A9:30
siliceous rocks, B17:20
vs. depth, A3:96; B13:8–12, 14
benthic foraminifers, A3:24
biostratigraphy, A10:2–3
calcareous nannofossils, A3:20; A9:20
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B7:9
See also Hauterivian–Barremian interval
Barremian, upper, lithologic units, A3:13–14
basement, A9:5–6
colatitude arcs, B20:13
hysteresis, B20:5
lithologic units, A9:11–13
mineralogy and texture, A9:92–93
paleomagnetic data, B20:14–15
photograph, A9:60
photomicrograph, A9:62
See also flood basalts
igneous rocks, A1:75–76
nature and age, A1:15–16
recovery, A1:50–51; A9:5–6
bathymetry, maps, A11:7; B1:26
calcareous nannofossils, A9:19; B7:7–8
lithologic units, A9:10–11
paleomagnetism, B21:1–14
photograph, A9:46–48
sediments, B1:4
Micrantholithus, B7:15
Nannoconus, B7:13–15
nannofossils, B7:11–16
Upper Cretaceous, B6:9–11
biological events, mid-Paleocene biological event, A1:32
carbon number, A3:131–132; A9:105
deposition, A3:32
identity, A3:133
oceanic anoxic event, A3:130
organic matter, A9:29
organic-rich sediments, A9:104
stratigraphic variations, A3:30
bioprovinces, Neogene, B1:15
biosiliceous material
lithologic units, A4:13–14
vs. depth, A5:44; A8:34
biostratigraphic datums, nannofossils, B3:10–15; B7:57
age vs. depth, A4:55–59
benthic foraminifers, A3:23–25
calcareous nannofossils, A3:18–20
Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary, A1:32–33, 36–37, 113
mid-Maastrichtian event, A1:33–34, 37
mid-Paleocene biological event, A1:32
nannofossils, B6:1–60
Neogene, B1:16
Paleocene–early Oligocene nannofossils, B3:1–15
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, A1:36, 40, 112; A5:39
planktonic foraminifers, A3:20–23; B4:1–56; B5:1–15
Site 1207, A3:18–25
Site 1208, A4:16–21; B2:1–44
Site 1209, A5:16–22
Site 1210, A6:13–20
Site 1211, A7:13–19
Site 1212, A8:12–17
Site 1213, A9:18–24
Site 1214, A10:9–12
synthesis, A1:56–58; B1:29–34
zoning, A3:58–59; A4:39; A5:42; A6:36
biota, Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B1:10–12
Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary, B1:8–9
lithologic units, A3:14; A5:11–12; A6:9–10; A10:5–9
photograph, A4:47; A9:46–48
photomicrograph, B16:22
Biscutaceae, photomicrograph, B7:68–71
black shale
geochemistry, A3:27–28
lower Aptian, A3:42–43; A9:33
mid-Cretaceous, A1:98
blocky texture, volcanic ash, B18:4–5
Boreal/Tethyan differentiation, nannofossil assemblages, B7:12–13, 54
pore water, A3:37; A4:28; A5:28–29; A6:26; A7:24; A8:23; A9:30
vs. depth, A3:96
bottom traction currents, diagenesis, A9:15
nannofossil assemblages, B7:55–56
photomicrograph, B7:78–79
hydrothermal alteration, A9:49
photomicrograph, A9:50
breccia, goethitic claystone, lithologic units, A9:11
Brunhes Chron, sediments, A3:25; A4:22; A6:20; A7:19–20; A8:17
"bubble-wall" texture, volcanic ash, B18:4–5
lithologic units, A3:12–13; A10:5, 7
photograph, A3:68; A4:42, 46–48; A6:37–38
photomicrograph, B16:22


calcispheres, biostratigraphy, A6:16
lithologic units, A10:5
photograph, A9:67
X-ray diffraction data, B16:5
calcite, euhedral, shoaling theoretical model, B3:9–11
calcite, inorganic, photomicrograph, A5:49
calcite needles, diagenesis, A8:12
pore water, A3:36; A4:27–28; A5:28; A6:25; A7:24; A8:22; A9:30
vs. depth, A3:96; A4:67; A5:66; A6:59; A7:55; A8:53
vs. phosphate, A4:65
See also magnesium/calcium ratio; strontium/calcium ratio
calcium carbonate
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum lysocline, B8:5–12, 21–28
vs. distance above base of Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B8:21–24
calcium oxide, vs. silica, B17:19
calcium/strontium ratio, vs. depth, A6:59
caliper logs, vs. depth, A3:112; A9:87–88
age vs. depth, A6:54; A8:46
benthic foraminifers, A3:24; A4:21
biogeography, B6:9–11
biostratigraphy, A1:57
calcareous nannofossils, A3:20; A4:18; B6:6
deepwater circulation, B1:6–8
lithologic units, A4:12–13; A6:10
photograph, A3:69
photomicrograph, A3:73
planktonic foraminifers, A4:19–20
sedimentation rates, A8:19
stratigraphy, A8:5
Campanian, upper
lithologic units, A3:13
planktonic foraminifers, A5:20
Campanian, mid/lower Santonian–Coniacian unconformity, sedimentation rates, A8:19
Campanian/Miocene boundary, calcareous nannofossils, A3:19
Campanian–Miocene interval, unconformities, A3:57
Campanian/Paleocene unconformity, lithostratigraphy, A4:15
Campanian–Paleogene interval, recrystallization, A1:61
Campanian, upper–lower Miocene interval, unconformities, A1:25–27, 104
Campanian, upper–middle Miocene interval, hiatuses, A1:19–20
carbon, inorganic, sediments, A10:31
carbon, organic
Aptian, A3:129
black shale, A3:42–43
lithologic units, A3:16–17
lower Aptian, A1:128; A9:3–4; B1:37
oceanic anoxic event, A3:128; B1:5–6
reduction, A9:16–17
sediments, A1:148; A3:27–28; A6:23, 81; A9:26, 102–103; A10:13, 31
vs. depth, A3:89; A9:76
carbon/nitrogen ratio
oceanic anoxic event, A3:128
sediments, A1:148; A3:28; A6:81; A9:102; A10:13, 31
carbon cycle, Eocene/Oligocene boundary, B11:2–3
carbon dioxide
Eocene/Oligocene boundary, B11:2–3
hydrates, B9:7
siliceous rocks, B17:7
carbon isotope excursion, Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum lysocline, B8:4–13
carbon isotopes
carbonates, B13:5
Cretaceous, B1:39
Paleocene–Eocene, B10:13
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B1:45
upper Paleocene, A1:96
vs. depth, B12:10; 13:8–14
vs. distance above base of Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B8:21–24
vs. oxygen isotopes, B12:11
See also Paleocene Carbon Isotope Maximum
carbon number, biomarkers, A3:131–132
carbonate compensation depth
cyclic sedimentation, A3:16
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A5:3
foraminifer grain size, B10:7
foraminifers, B9:7–8
lithologic units, A4:13–14; A5:13–15; A6:10–12; A7:12–13; A8:11–12
Lower Cretaceous, A1:15
mid-Cretaceous, A1:52–53
Neogene, B1:14–17
oceanic anoxic event, B16:8
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B1:11
paleoproductivity proxies, B11:3–4
sediments, A1:41–42, 48; A5:4–5; A6:3; A7:2–5
unconformities, A4:2; A9:13–14
See also lysocline
carbonate content
Eocene/Oligocene boundary, B11:1–16
lower Aptian, A1:128
Neogene, B1:13–18
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B1:45
sediments, A1:148; A3:27–28, 127; A4:24–25, 85; A5:25–26, 93; A6:23, 81; A7:22, 76; A8:20, 75; A9:26, 101; A10:13, 31; B10:16; B11:14–15
shoaling theoretical model, B3:9–11
vs. age, A1:133
vs. barite, Sites 1209 and 1211, B11:13
vs. depth, A1:101–102, 106, 110, 116, 120, 125; A3:55, 58, 61, 89; A4:36, 39, 63; A5:38, 42, 64; A6:33–34, 36, 56; A7:33, 37, 52; A8:30, 33, 49; A9:41, 76; B11:11; B13:8–14; B14:5
vs. reflectance, A3:61
carbonate compensation depth, A1:41–42; A7:4–5
diagenesis, A9:14–15
dissolution, A1:54–55; A3:15–17; B9:5–8; B10:1–24
geochemistry, B13:1–17
mass accumulation rates, A3:26; A4:60; A5:25; A6:22, 55; A7:21–22
Miocene–lower Pliocene, B14:1–7
photomicrograph, B16:23
preservation, A9:14–15
recrystallization, A1:61
sediments, B14:7
siliceous rocks, B17:7
vs. opal, B14:6
vs. reflectance, B14:6
carotenoids, Aptian and Valanginian, A9:27
lithologic units, A3:17–18
oceanic anoxic event, B16:6
benthic foraminifers, A9:22
biostratigraphy, A1:57
calcareous nannofossils, A9:19; B5:5
lithologic units, A9:10–11
planktonic foraminifers, A9:21
reduction, A9:16
stratigraphy, A8:5
See also Coniacian/basal Cenomanian unconformity
Cenomanian, lower
limestone, A9:15
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B7:10
Cenomanian, upper, age vs. depth, A9:75
Cenomanian/Turonian boundary, well-logs, A3:111
benthic foraminifers, A4:82–83
calcareous nannofossils, B2:1–44
paleoclimatology, B1:1–47
volcanic ash, B18:1–26
Central High
seismic lines, A11:17–19
seismic reflection, A11:9
tectonics, A1:6–8
authigenesis, B16:4–5
lithologic units, A3:15; A10:6
photomicrograph, A3:74
siliceous rocks, B17:7
Cretaceous, B17:1–45
diagenesis, A9:15
petrography, B16:4–5
photomicrograph, A3:75
sediments, A6:5
See also limestone/chalk
chalk, clayey, photograph, A9:47
chalk, nannofossil
lithologic units, A3:14–15; A4:9–12; A10:5
thin sections, B16:19
chalk, radiolarian, photograph, A9:47–48
color, B17:9, 14–17
color variations, A9:95
Cretaceous, A1:22; A3:7; B17:1–45
Formation MicroScanner imagery, A3:43–44
lithologic units, A3:13–14; A8:10; A9:10–11; A10:5–9
nodules, A1:49
petrography, B16:4–5
photograph, A10:21
photomicrograph, A3:73, 78
redox, A9:4–5, 15–17
stratigraphy, A1:66–67
vs. depth, A1:136; A3:113; B17:30
chert, calcareous, photomicrograph, A3:75
chert, foraminifer-radiolarian, photomicrograph, A3:76
chert color
cores, A3:119
logs vs. depth, B17:31
trace elements, B17:32
vs. Cretaceous age, A1:127
vs. depth, A10:27
chert fragments, lithologic units, A4:12–13
chert nodules, photomicrograph, A3:77
chert percentage, vs. depth, A3:113
chert position, vs. depth, A3:113
chert thickness, vs. depth, A3:113
Chiastozygaceae, photomicrograph, B7:58–63
chilled margins
lithologic units, A9:17–18
photograph, A9:50–61
Chiloguembelina spp., vs. depth, B9:15
pore water, A8:21; A9:30
vs. depth, A3:33, 93; A4:25; A5:26–27; A6:24, 57; A7:23, 53; A8:50
lithologic units, A4:9–12
photograph, A4:46
Chron C1n, sediments, A3:25; A4:22; A6:20; A7:19–20; A8:17
Chron C1r.1n, sediments, A3:25
Chron C2A, sediments, A8:17
Chron C2An, sediments, A5:23
Chron C2n, sediments, A3:25; A7:20
Chron C2r, sediments, A4:22
Chron C3, sediments, B22:4
Chron C3An, sediments, A7:20
Chron C3Bn, sediments, B22:4
Chron C3n, sediments, A4:22; A5:23; A6:20; A7:19
Chron C3r, sediments, A4:22; A7:19–20
Chron C4n.2n, sediments, B22:4
Chron C5An.1n, sediments, B22:3
Chron C5n, sediments, A3:25; A4:22
Chron C32n, magnetic polarity, A3:26
Chron C33n, magnetic polarity, A3:26
Chron M12, paleodepth, A9:17
Chron M15–M18, sediments, B21:5
Chron M16, sediments, B21:5
Chron M17, sediments, B21:5
Chron M18, sediments, B21:5
Chron M19, sediments, B21:5
Chron M19–M20, sediments, B21:5
Chron M21, paleodepth, A9:17
chronostratigraphy, vs. depth, B7:45
chrons, magnetic polarity, A1:7–8
clasts, vitric, volcanic ash, B18:4–5
lithologic units, A3:12–13; A5:10–12; A7:10; A8:7–12; A9:9–10; A10:5, 7
photograph, A5:48
clay, nannofossil
lithologic units, A7:8–10
photograph, A4:41
clay minerals
authigenesis, A1:55–56
black shale, A9:33
photomicrograph, A9:65, 70
siliceous rocks, B17:9–10
clay minerals, montmorillonitic, oceanic anoxic event, B16:7
clays, X-ray diffraction data, B16:30–31
lithologic units, A9:11
lower Aptian, A3:16
oceanic anoxic event, A10:3
claystone, chalk-nannofossil, photograph, A9:46
claystone, nannofossil, lithologic units, A4:9–12; A10:5–9
claystone, organic-rich, photograph, A3:71
claystone, radiolarian, photograph, A9:44–45
claystone, zeolitic, sediments, A4:2
clinoptilolite, X-ray diffraction data, B16:5
lithologic units, A9:12–13
photomicrograph, A9:63–64
coarse fraction
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum lysocline, B8:4–12, 21–28
sediments, B10:17
vs. distance above base of Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B8:21–24
vs. distance above lithologic change, B8:19
basalt, B20:5, 11
igneous rocks, B20:4
See also remanent coercivity/coercivity field ratio
colatitude arcs, basalt, B20:13
color, chert, B17:5–6, 9, 14–17
color bands
lithologic units, A4:10–12; A5:10–12; A6:7–10; A7:9–13; A9:10; A10:6–9
Miocene–lower Pliocene, B14:3
photograph, A4:42; A6:44
sediments, A4:79
composite depth scale growth rates, vs. depth, B15:12
composite depths
Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary, A6:21; A7:20–21
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, A6:21
Site 1209, A5:24, 89
Site 1210, A6:21, 77
Site 1211, A7:20–21, 72
Site 1212, A8:18, 71
synthesis, A1:59–60; B15:1–26
vs. magnetic susceptibility, A6:35; A8:42
compressional wave velocity
discrete measurements, A3:138–139; A5:74, 98–100; A6:65–66, 84–85; A7:27–28, 61, 80–81; A8:79; A9:109; A10:14–15, 25, 33–34
sediments, A3:38–39; A4:30, 91–92; A5:31–32; A6:28–29; A7:26–28; A8:24–26; A9:31, 110
vs. depth, A1:101–102, 106, 110, 116, 120, 125; A3:55, 99, 101; A4:36, 70, 72; A5:38, 70, 72; A6:33–34, 63; A7:33, 59–60; A8:30, 57–58; A9:85
vs. discrete bulk density, A3:103; A4:73
vs. wet bulk density, A6:66
compressional wave velocity, discrete, vs. discrete bulk density, A7:61; A8:60
benthic foraminifers, A9:22
calcareous nannofossils, B6:6
photomicrograph, A3:75
stratigraphy, A8:5
See also Campanian, mid/lower Santonian–Coniacian unconformity
Coniacian/basal Cenomanian unconformity, sedimentation rates, A8:19
contour deposits, lithostratigraphy, A4:15
core offsets, vs. depth, B15:11, 16, 20, 24
coring, summary, A1:101–102, 106, 110, 120, 125; A4:36
calcareous nannofossils, B6:7, 28
Hauterivian–Albian interval, B1:38
volcanic ash, B18:1–26
zoning, B6:7
age vs. depth, A3:86; A4:59
benthic foraminifers, A3:24–25, 125; A4:82–83; A5:22; A6:19; A7:19; A8:16–17; A9:22–23; A10:11–12
calcareous nannofossils, A3:19–20; A4:18; A5:17; A6:15; A7:14–15; A8:14; A9:19–20; A10:10
chert, A1:22
history, A8:5
Southern High, A1:45–46
ocean circulation, B1:6–8
oceanic anoxic events, B1:1–47
paleomagnetic pole, B20:13
planktonic foraminifers, A3:21–23, 123; A4:19–20; A5:20; A6:17–18; A7:17–18; A8:15; A9:21
siliceous rocks, B17:1–45
stable isotopes, B1:39
stratigraphy, A1:144
summary, A1:1–148
See also Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary
Cretaceous, Lower
age vs. depth, A10:23
carbonate compensation depth, A1:15
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B6:1–60
paleoceanography, A1:14–15
paleomagnetism, B21:1–14
planktonic foraminifers, A10:10–11
radiolarians, A9:23
Cretaceous, Lower–mid
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B7:1–82
paleoclimatology, A1:12–13
Cretaceous, mid
oceanic anoxic events, A1:13–14, 98
stratigraphy, A1:52–53; A10:2–3
Cretaceous/Paleocene boundary, planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy, B5:1–15
Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary, gamma ray attenuation density, A6:27
Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary
biostratigraphy, A1:56–57, 113; A6:15–19; B1:27
calcareous nannofossils, A5:17; A7:14; A8:13
composite depths, A5:24; A6:21; A7:20–21
compressional wave velocity, A5:32
extinctions, B1:8–9
lithologic units, A8:8–9, 11–12
magnetic susceptibility, A7:25–26
photograph, B1:42
planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy, B5:1–15
planktonic foraminifers, A5:20; A8:15
reflectance, A5:50
stratigraphy, A1:32–33, 36–37, 41, 45; A5:5–6, 40; A6:3–4; A8:2–5
survivor and incoming Cenozoic nannofossils, B1:43
See also Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary
Cretaceous, Upper
age vs. depth, A9:75
calcareous nannofossils, B6:1–60
Cretaceous Long Normal Superchron
basement, A1:51
remanent magnetization, A9:25
Cretaceous Quiet Zone, basement, A1:51; A9:6, 25
Cretarhabdaceae, photomicrograph, B7:69–73
cross laminations, diagenesis, A9:15
biomarkers, A3:32
organic matter, A9:28–29
cycle stratigraphy, synthesis, A1:59–60
cyclic sedimentation
astrochronology, B22:5
lithologic units, A3:15–17; A7:9–13; A8:8–12
Neogene, B1:15–16


dacitic composition, volcanic ash, B18:6
deepwater, warming, B3:11–12
deepwater circulation
ocean circulation, B1:6–8
Paleogene, A1:10–11
deepwater record, Paleocene–Eocene boundary transition, A1:27–28; A4:6–7
demagnetization, alternating-field
sediments, A4:21–22; B21:10
vectors, B22:11–12
demagnetization, basalt, B20:5, 9
density, bulk
Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary, A5:50
sediments, A3:38–39
vs. depth, A3:62–63, 67, 69, 80, 106; A4:43; A5:47, 79; A6:42–43; A7:63; A8:62; A9:42
density, discrete bulk, vs. discrete compressional wave velocity, A4:73; A5:74; A7:61; A8:60
density, dry, vs. depth, A3:106; A4:76; A5:79; A6:67; A7:63; A8:62
density, dry bulk, vs. depth, B19:5
density, gamma ray attenuation bulk
sediments, A4:29–30; A5:30–31; A6:27; A7:25–26, 44, 58; A8:24, 41, 56; A9:31, 83; A10:14
vs. depth, A3:98; A4:69; A5:55, 69; A6:48, 62
density, grain, vs. depth, A3:106; A4:76; A5:79; A6:67; A7:63; A8:62
density, wet bulk
vs. depth, A1:101–102, 106, 110, 116, 120, 125; A3:55; A4:36, 76; A5:38; A6:33–34, 67; A7:33
vs. discrete compressional wave velocity, A6:66
density logs
oceanic anoxic event, A3:110
vs. depth, A3:108; A9:86, 89
biogenic silica, A9:15
oceanic anoxic event, A3:32; B16:5–8
devitrification, photomicrograph, A9:62
basement, A9:5–6
lithologic units, A9:11–13, 17–18
lithology, A1:47
mineralogy and texture, A9:92–93
photograph, A9:50–59, 61, 67
photomicrograph, A9:63–66
sills, B1:36
biogenic silica, A9:15
calcite needles, A8:12
carbonates, A9:14–15
green bands, A1:131; A6:12–13
lithologic units, A3:17–18; A4:10–15
sediments, A7:13
See also authigenesis; dissolution; lithification
lithologic units, A3:12–13; A4:10–12; A8:8; A9:9–10
Neogene, A3:2–4; B1:14–19
diopside, lithologic units, A9:12–13
discontinuities, photograph, A4:41
carbonates, A1:54–55; B9:5–8; B10:1–24
diagenesis, A9:14–15
foraminifers, A7:16
lithologic units, A4:13–14; A5:14; A6:11–12; A8:11–12
Neogene, B1:13–18
oceanic anoxic event, B16:6
dissolution index, age and depth, B10:21–22
dissolution index, potential, bivariant plots FRAG vs. BENTH, B10:20
dissolution proxy BENTH, sediments, B10:18–19
downhole measurements
Site 1207, A3:40–44
Site 1213, A9:32–33
synthesis, A1:58–60
drift deposits, cyclic sedimentation, A3:15–17
drill bits, photograph, A5:41


Early Eocene Climate Optimum
deepwater circulation, B1:8
foraminifer isotopes, B10:13
cross-spectral analysis, B22:26
vs. total reflectance, A1:139
Eiffellithaceae, photomicrograph, B7:64–65
emplacement, large igneous provinces, B1:4
biostratigraphy, B4:1–56
calcareous nannofossils, A4:18; B2:4–5
carbonates, B10:1–24
lithologic units, A6:9–10
magnesium/calcium ratio, B12:4–5
mass accumulation rates, A4:22–23
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B3:1–15
See also Initial Eocene Thermal Maximum; Paleocene/Eocene boundary; Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum
Eocene, lower
age vs. depth, A6:54; A7:50; A8:46
See also Early Eocene Climate Optimum
Eocene–Maastrichtian interval, age vs. depth, A5:62
Eocene, middle
lithologic units, A8:8–9
reflectance, A5:12, 51
See also Miocene, middle/lower middle Eocene unconformity; Paleocene, upper–middle Eocene interval
Eocene, middle/middle Miocene unconformity, lithologic units, A8:8
Eocene, middle–upper, carbonate dissolution, B10:8
Eocene–Miocene interval, age vs. depth, A5:60
Eocene–Oligocene transition
paleoceanography, A1:11, 73–74; B1:27
stratigraphy, A1:30; A5:3; A6:3; A7:3–4
Eocene/Oligocene boundary
barite, B11:1–16
benthic foraminifers, A4:21
biostratigraphy, A6:18–20
calcareous nannofossils, A7:14; B2:4–5
carbonate content, B11:1–16
composite depths, A5:24
lithology, A1:122; A7:35
magnetic susceptibility, A5:56
nannofossil datums, A4:51
reflectance, A1:118; A5:46
stratigraphy, A1:39; A7:2–4
Eocene, upper, age vs. depth, A6:52; A7:48
Eocene, upper–lower Miocene interval, age vs. depth, A4:58
eolian material, vs. depth, B19:5
epiclastic debris, oceanic anoxic event, B16:11
ethers, biomarkers, A9:105
Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary, B1:8–9
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B1:10–12


fabric, photograph, A9:47
lithologic units, A10:5
See also quartz + feldspar
fibrous texture, photomicrograph, A9:68–69
fine fraction, carbonates, B13:1–17
fish debris
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum lysocline, B8:6, 20–28
vs. distance above base of Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B8:21–24
fish teeth
Paleogene, B1:12
photomicrograph, A3:70
upper Paleocene, B9:2–3
flaser structure, diagenesis, A9:15
flood basalts, continental, vs. age, A1:99
foraminifer datums, age and depth, A3:122; A4:81; A5:84; A6:73; A7:67; A8:66; A9:97; A10:30
foraminiferal fragmentation
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum lysocline, B8:5, 20–36
vs. distance above base of Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B8:21–24
Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary, B1:8–9
deepwater circulation, B1:7–8
fragmentation, B10:5–6
grain size, B10:6
lithologic units, A7:10; A8:7–12; A10:5, 7
oceanic anoxic event, B16:7
photomicrograph, A3:76
preservation, B8:6
sediments, A6:4–5
zoning, A5:39, 42; A6:37; A8:33; A9:41; A10:18; B10:15
foraminifers, benthic
abundance, B8:25–28; B10:5
biostratigraphy, A3:23–25; A4:20–21; A5:21–22; A6:18–20; A7:18–19; A8:16–17; A9:22–23; A10:11–12
distribution in Cenozoic and Cretaceous, A4:82–83; A5:85–88; A6:74–76; A7:68–71; A8:67–70; A9:98; A10:28
distribution in Cretaceous, A3:125; A9:99
distribution in Neogene, A3:124
extinction, B3:11–12
extinction in Zone P5, A5:19
oxygen isotopes, A1:10
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B1:11; B8:20
photomicrograph, B12:7
stable isotopes, B12:1–19
foraminifers, planktonic
abundance, B8:25–28
age vs. depth, A3:84
assemblage counts, B9:20–25
biostratigraphy, A3:20–23; A4:19–20; A5:17–20; A6:15–18; A7:15–18; A8:14–15; A9:20–21; A10:10–11; B4:1–56; B5:1–15
distribution in indurated Cretaceous lithologies, A3:123
early late Paleocene event, B9:1–29
Lower Cretaceous, A1:14–15
number of species vs. magnetic susceptibility, B9:13
scanning electron microscope data, B8:29–36
thin sections, A3:23
zoning, B4:1–56
foraminifers, benthic/planktonic ratio
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum lysocline, B8:5–12, 20–36
vs. distance above base of Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B8:21–24
Formation MicroScanner imagery
chert, A3:43–44
siliceous rocks, B17:8–9
vs. depth, A3:112


gamma ray logs
black shale, A3:43
Cenomanian/Turonian boundary, A3:111
oceanic anoxic event, A3:110
vs. depth, A1:135; A3:108–111; A9:86–89
gamma rays
black shale, A9:33
sediments, A3:39; A4:30; A6:28; A9:31
vs. depth, A3:100; A4:69, 71; A5:71; A6:64; A8:59; A9:84
Gauss Chron, sediments, A5:23; A8:17
geochemical logs
siliceous rocks, B17:8–9
vs. depth, A3:109; A9:87
carbonates, B13:1–17
Cretaceous siliceous rocks, B17:1–45
pore water, A5:94; A6:83; A7:23–25, 77; A8:76; A9:108
sediments, A4:86
synthesis, A1:61–63
geochemistry, inorganic
Site 1207, A3:33–37, 134
Site 1208, A4:25–28
Site 1209, A5:26–29
Site 1210, A6:23–26
Site 1211, A7:23–25
Site 1212, A8:20–23
Site 1213, A9:29–30
geochemistry, organic
Site 1207, A3:27–32
Site 1208, A4:24–25
Site 1209, A5:25–26
Site 1210, A6:23
Site 1211, A7:22
Site 1212, A8:20
Site 1213, A9:26–29
Site 1214, A10:13–14
geology, history, A1:76–77
geophysical logs, siliceous rocks, B17:8–9
geothermal gradient, sediments, A5:32
Gilbert Chron, sediments, A4:22; A5:23; A6:20; A7:19
glacial–interglacial cycles
lithologic units, A8:10–12
Neogene, B1:16
glass shards, volcanic ash, B18:14–17
oceanic anoxic event, B16:11
photomicrograph, B16:20
Globanomalina spp., vs. depth, B9:15
glomeroporphyritic clusters
lithologic units, A9:12–13
photograph, A9:61
photomicrograph, A9:66
goethite, hydrothermal alteration breccia, A9:49
"golden spike," Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum lysocline, B8:4
grain size, foraminifers, B10:6
green bands, diagenesis, A1:131
greenhouse effect, Valanginian, A1:15


haptophytes, lower Aptian, A9:3–4
Haqius, photomicrograph, B7:78–79
age vs. depth, A10:23
lithologic units, A9:11; A10:5–9
Unitary Association Zones, A9:24
Hauterivian, lower, nannofossil biostratigraphy, B7:8
Hauterivian, upper, nannofossil biostratigraphy, B7:8–9
Hauterivian–Albian interval, correlation, B1:38
Hauterivian–Barremian interval, sediments, A9:4
heat flow, sediments, A5:32
heulandite, X-ray diffraction data, B16:5
biostratigraphy, B2:4–5
lithologic units, A9:13–14
origin of 60-m.y. hiatus, A3:4–5
upper Campanian–middle Miocene, A1:19–20
calcareous nannofossils, B2:3
lithologic units, A3:12–13; A5:10–12; A6:7–9; A7:8–10; A8:7–8; A9:9–10; A10:5, 7
See also Miocene, upper–Holocene interval
hopanes, organic-rich sediments, A9:104
hopanoids, oceanic anoxic event, A3:29–30; A9:29
hopanone, organic-rich sediments, A9:104
hopenes, organic-rich sediments, A9:104
hotspots, tectonics, A1:7–8, 92
hyalophitic texture, lithologic units, A9:12
hydrates, carbon dioxide, B9:7
assessment, A9:27; A10:13–14
components, A9:106
oceanic anoxic event, A3:130
organic-rich sediments, A9:26, 104
hydrocarbons, aliphatic
composition, A10:32
lower Aptian, A3:28–29, 91–92; A10:24
organic-rich intervals, A9:78–79
hydrocarbons, volatile, sediments, A3:27; A4:24; A6:23; A7:22; A8:20; A9:26
oceanic anoxic event, A3:128
sediments, A3:27–28; A6:23, 81; A9:102; A10:13, 31
hydrogen index
kerogen, A3:28
lower Aptian, A1:128; B1:37
organic matter, A3:30–32
sediments, A1:148
vs. oxygen index, A1:141; A3:90; A9:26–27, 77
hydrothermal alteration
basaltic sills, B1:3–4
breccia, A9:49
sills, A9:17
hyperthermals, Paleogene, B1:12
basalt, B20:5, 10
igneous rocks, B20:4


igneous rocks
basement, A1:75–76
lithologic units, A9:11–13
paleomagnetism, B20:1–15
Igorina albeari, vs. depth, B9:16
Igorina albeari "chubby," vs. depth, B9:17
Igorina pusilla, vs. depth, B9:16
Igorina pusilla "high trochospire" vs. depth, B9:17
Igorina spp., vs. depth, B9:14
Igorina tadjikistanensis, vs. depth, B9:16
black shale, A9:33
X-ray diffraction data, B16:5
ilmenite, lithologic units, A9:12–13
impacts, large igneous provinces, B1:4
index properties, sediments, A3:40, 135–137; A4:30, 87–90; A5:32–33, 95–97; A6:29, 86–89; A7:28, 78–79; A8:26, 77–78
Indonesian Seaway, seaway closure, A1:107
induration, lithologic units, A4:11–12
Initial Eocene Thermal Maximum
carbonate dissolution, B10:9
foraminifer isotopes, B10:13
core photographs, A1:114
lithologic units, A5:13, 15; A6:10, 12; A7:10, 12
sediments, A6:4
carbonates, B13:5
pore water, A3:34–35; A4:26; A5:27; A6:24–25; A7:24; A8:21–22; A9:30
siliceous rocks, B17:9–10, 26
vs. depth, A3:94; A4:66; A5:65; A6:58; A7:54; A8:52; B13:8–14
iron-manganese oxide
lithologic units, A3:14–15
photomicrograph, A3:72
isoprenoids, acyclic, biomarkers, A9:105
isotope data, Albian–Maastrichtian, A1:97


Jaramillo Subchron, sediments, A3:25
Jurassic, paleomagnetic poles, B20:13
Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary
age, B1:4
calcareous nannofossils, A9:20
nannofossil assemblages, B7:12–13
Jurassic, Upper, age vs. depth, A9:75


Kamptneriaceae, photomicrograph, B7:76–77
assessment, A9:27; A10:13–14
biomarkers, A9:105
components, A9:107
lower Aptian, A10:24
oceanic anoxic event, A3:29–30
organic-rich sediments, A9:80–81, 104
Kuroshio Current, circulation, A1:9–10


oceanic anoxic event, B16:6–7
photomicrograph, B16:21
laminations, diagenetic
lithologic units, A4:14
photograph, A3:65
laminations, green
lithologic units, A6:7–13
photograph, A6:37–39
X-ray diffraction data, A6:41
laminations, microstromatolitic, photomicrograph, A3:72
Lapideacassaceae, photomicrograph, B7:82
large igneous provinces, models, B1:4
late Paleocene biotic event, benthic foraminifers, B1:27
lead isotopes, sills, B1:4, 36
Cretaceous, B17:1–45
lithologic units, A3:13–14; A10:6–9
lower Cenomanian, A9:15
petrography, B16:4–5
limestone/chalk, nannofossil, photomicrograph, A3:74
lithic fragments, photomicrograph, B16:23
lithologic units, A3:17–18
sediments, A1:37–38; A6:4–5
pore water, A3:36; A4:27; A5:28; A6:25–26; A7:24; A8:22; A9:30
vs. depth, A3:95; A4:66; A5:66; A6:59; A7:55; A8:53
lithologic units
Site 1207, A3:11–14
Site 1208, A4:9–16
Site 1209, A5:10–13
Site 1210, A6:7–12
Site 1211, A7:8–10
Site 1212, A8:7–12
Site 1213, A9:8–18
Site 1214, A10:5–9
summary, A1:8–9
Unit I, A3:12–13; A4:9–12; A5:10–12; A6:7–9; A7:8–10; A8:7–8, 10; A9:9–10; A10:5, 7
Unit II, A3:13; A4:12–13; A5:12–13; A6:9–10; A7:10; A8:8–9, 11–12; A9:10; A10:5–9
Unit III, A3:13–14; A5:13; A6:10; A7:10; A8:9–10; A9:10–11
Unit IV, A9:11–13
Eocene/Oligocene boundary interval, A1:122
vs. age, B1:28
vs. depth, A3:58; A5:42; A6:36; A7:37; A8:32–33; A9:41; A10:18; B10:15; B14:5; B17:18
evolution, A11:3
large igneous provinces, B1:4
lithosphere, oceanic, tectonics, A1:6–8
comparison of Sites 1207 and 1208, A4:15–16
Site 1207, A3:11–18
Site 1208, A4:9–16
Site 1209, A5:9–15
Site 1210, A6:7–13
Site 1211, A7:8–13
Site 1212, A8:7–12
Site 1213, A9:8–18
Site 1214, A10:4–9
summary, A1:8–9, 94, 111, 124; A8:32
synthesis, A1:53–56; B1:28–34
volcanic ash, B18:11
carbonate dissolution, B10:3–9
cyclic sedimentation, A3:16
Neogene, B1:14
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum shoaling, B8:1–36
shoaling theoretical model, B3:9–11
See also carbonate compensation depth


Maastrichtian, age vs. depth, A7:50; A8:47
biogeography, B6:9–11
biostratigraphy, A1:57; B5:1–15; B6:5
deepwater circulation, B1:7
lithologic units, A5:13; A6:10; A7:10
sedimentation rates, A8:19
stratigraphy, A6:4; A8:5
See also Albian–Maastrichtian interval; Eocene–Maastrichtian interval; mid-Maastrichtian event
Maastrichtian, lower, planktonic foraminifers, A5:20; B5:1–15
magmatic arcs, volcanism, B16:9
carbonates, B13:5
pore water, A3:36; A4:28; A5:28; A6:25; A7:24; A8:22; A9:30
siliceous rocks, B17:9–10, 24
vs. depth, A3:96; A4:67; A5:66; A6:59; A7:55; A8:53; B13:8–14
magnesium/calcium ratio
calibration in benthic foraminifers, B12:8
deepwater circulation, B1:7–8
foraminifers, B12:1–19
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B1:45
vs. depth, B12:12
magnetic bights, tectonics, A1:7–8
magnetic declination, vs. depth, B22:13–14, 16–19
magnetic inclination
remanent magnetization, A9:25
sediments, A3:25–26; A4:22; B21:4
sills, B20:4–5
vs. depth, A3:82; A4:53; A5:53; A6:46; A7:42; A8:39; A9:72; B1:35; B20:12; B21:11; B22:13–14, 16–19
magnetic intensity
remanent magnetization, A9:25
sediments, A3:25–26
vs. depth, A3:81; A4:52; A5:52; A6:45; A7:41; A8:38
magnetic lineations, hotspots, A1:7–8, 92
magnetic polarity
age vs. depth, A3:83; A4:54; A7:43
basalt, B20:5
depth, B1:35
Miocene–Holocene interval, B22:1–39
sediments, A4:22; B21:4–5, 12
tectonics, A1:7–8
vs. depth, A3:82
zoning, A3:25–26; A5:23
magnetic reversals, age, B22:5–7
magnetic susceptibility
Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary, A7:25–26
Eocene/Oligocene boundary, A5:56
middle Eocene, A5:56
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A5:57
Paleogene, B1:12
sediments, A3:37–38; A4:29; A5:30; A6:27; A7:25; A8:23–24; A10:14; B15:7
upper Paleocene increase, B9:5–8
vs. composite depths, A6:35, 49; A7:45; A8:42
vs. depth, A1:101–102, 106, 110, 116, 120, 125; A3:55, 97; A4:36, 49, 68; A5:38, 43, 51, 55–57, 68; A6:33–34, 48, 61; A7:33, 39–40, 44–45, 57; A8:30, 41–42, 55; A9:82; B15:7–10, 13–15
vs. number of planktonic foraminifer species, B9:13
magnetic susceptibility, bulk, Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B1:45
magnetic susceptibility, spliced data
Eocene, A1:138
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A1:138
lower Eocene, A1:137
uppermost Cretaceous, A1:137
vs. depth, A1:138
age models, B22:28
sediments, B21:4–6
tectonics, A1:7–8
upper Miocene–Holocene, B22:1–39
vs. depth, B22:13–14, 16–19
major elements, siliceous rocks, B17:6–7, 44
carbonates, B13:5
pore water, A3:35; A4:26–27; A5:27; A6:25; A7:24; A8:21; A9:30
siliceous rocks, B17:9–10, 27
vs. depth, A3:94; A4:66; A5:65; A6:58; A7:54; A8:52; B13:8–11
See also iron-manganese oxide
manganese crust, photomicrograph, A3:72
manganese micronodules, lithologic units, A3:13
manganese oxide. See iron-manganese oxide
maps, bathymetry, A11:7
mass accumulation rates
linear sedimentation rates, A7:74; A8:73
Neogene, A3:87; B1:14
Site 1207, A3:26
Site 1208, A4:22–24
Site 1209, A5:24–25
Site 1210, A6:21–23
Site 1211, A7:21–22
Site 1212, A8:19–20
Site 1213, A9:25–26
Site 1214, A10:12–13
vs. age, A1:133
vs. depth, A1:101–102, 106, 110, 120, 125, 140; A3:55; A4:36, 60; A5:38, 63; A6:33–34, 55; A7:33, 51; A8:30, 48
See also sedimentation rates
mass accumulation rates, eolian
upper Pleistocene, B19:2, 5
vs. depth, B19:5
maximum angle of deflection, remanent magnetization, B21:4
maximum angular deviation, remanent magnetization, B22:3–4
median destructive field, igneous rocks, B20:3–4
Meiji Seamount, lithostratigraphy, A4:16
mesotrophic environment, foraminifers, B9:8
photograph, A9:61
photomicrograph, A9:69
metasedimentary rocks
lithologic units, A9:11–13
mineralogy and texture, A9:94
photograph, A9:60
headspace gases, A3:126; A4:84; A5:92; A6:23, 80; A7:75; A8:74; A9:100
sediments, A3:27; A4:24; A7:22; A8:20
shoaling theoretical model, B3:9–11
vs. depth, A1:140; A3:88; A4:62
vs. sulfate, A4:61
oceanic anoxic event, A3:29
organic matter, A9:28–29
methylhopanoids, oceanic anoxic event, A9:29
Micrantholithus, nannofossil assemblages, B7:15–16, 55–56
microbial mats, lower Aptian, A9:3–4
microbial structures
lithologic units, A9:11
photomicrograph, A9:50
microlites, photomicrograph, B16:21
micronodules, lithologic units, A3:13
micronodules, phosphatic, upper Paleocene, B9:2–3
microplankton evolution, Lower Cretaceous, A1:14–15
microporosity, photograph, B16:20
lithologic units, A3:15
photomicrograph, A3:74
siliceous rocks, B17:7
microstromatolites, lithologic units, A3:14–15
mid-Maastrichtian event
benthic foraminifers, B1:27
calcareous nannofossils, B1:11
stratigraphy, A1:33–34, 37, 41, 44, 67–68; A5:7; A7:2–4
mid-Paleocene biological event, stratigraphy, A1:32, 40, 44, 71; A5:5; A7:2–4; A8:4
minor elements, siliceous rocks, B17:7, 44
biostratigraphy, A1:56
calcareous nannofossils, B2:3
lithologic units, A3:12–13; A6:7–9; A7:8–10
mass accumulation rates, A3:26; A4:22–23
photograph, A4:48
photomicrograph, A3:70
See also Campanian/Miocene boundary; Campanian–Miocene interval; Eocene–Miocene interval
Miocene–lower Pliocene interval, opal and carbonates, B14:1–7
Miocene, lower
age vs. depth, A6:52
calcareous nannofossils, A4:17; B2:4–5
lithologic units, A5:10–12
See also Campanian, upper–lower Miocene interval; Eocene, upper–lower Miocene interval
Miocene, lower/upper Oligocene unconformity, lithologic units, A5:12
Miocene, middle
age vs. depth, A7:48
benthic foraminifers, A3:24
photograph, A3:67; A4:47; A6:42
planktonic foraminifers, A4:19
sedimentation rates, A8:19
See also Campanian, upper–middle Miocene interval; Eocene, middle/middle Miocene unconformity
Miocene, middle/lower middle Eocene unconformity, sedimentation rates, A8:19
Miocene, middle/lower Oligocene unconformity
gamma ray attenuation density, A6:27
magnetic susceptibility, A6:49
Miocene, middle–upper, lithologic units, A8:7–8
Miocene, upper
calcareous nannofossils, A4:17
photograph, A3:80; A4:46, 48
reflectance, A5:45
Miocene, upper–Holocene interval
magnetostratigraphy, B22:1–39
ocean circulation, A1:103
Morozovella spp., vs. depth, B9:14
mottling, lithologic units, A3:12–13
multidomain grains, igneous rocks, B20:4


oceanic anoxic event, A3:29–30
organic matter, A9:28–29
organic-rich intervals, A9:78–79
organic-rich sediments, A9:104
sediments, A4:25
n-alkyls, biomarkers, A9:105
nannofossil assemblages, B7:13–16, 55–56
photomicrograph, B7:78–79
nannofossil assemblages, tropical/open-ocean, B7:12–13
nannofossil datums
age and depth; A3:121; A4:51, 80; A5:83; A6:72; A7:66; A8:65; A9:96; A10:29
Eocene/Oligocene boundary, A4:51
assemblages, B7:12–13
biogeography, B6:9–11; B7:11–16
calcareous, biostratigraphy, A3:18–20
Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary, B1:8–9, 43
lithologic units, A8:7–8; A9:11
Lower Cretaceous biostratigraphy, B6:1–60
Neocomian, A1:49–50; A9:5
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B1:46
sediments, B16:4–5
zoning, A5:39, 42; A7:37; A8:33; A9:41; A10:18; B10:15
nannofossils, calcareous
age vs. depth, A3:84
biostratigraphy, A4:17–18; A5:16–17; A6:14–15; A7:13–15; A8:13–14; A9:19–20; A10:9–10; B2:1–44
Lower Cretaceous, A1:14–15
Lower–mid-Cretaceous biostratigraphy, B7:1–82
Paleogene–lower Miocene range chart, B2:19
range chart, B2:18
nematodes, oceanic anoxic event, B16:7
calcareous nannofossils, A9:20
reference section, A1:49–50; A9:5
neodymium isotopes
Cretaceous, B1:39
Paleogene, B1:41
sills, B1:4, 36
age vs. depth, A3:85; A4:57; A5:59; A6:51; A7:47; A8:44; A9:74; B2:16
benthic foraminifers, A3:23–24, 124; A4:20–21; A5:21; A6:18; A7:18; A8:16; A9:22; A10:11
calcareous nannofossils, A3:18–19; A4:17; A5:16–17; A6:14; A7:13–14; A8:13; A9:19; B2:1–44
cyclic sedimentation, A1:74–75
diatoms, A1:17–19
lithologic units, A3:12–13
magnetic polarity, B22:1–39
mass accumulation rates, A3:87
oldest magnetic polarity chron, B22:27
paleoceanography, A1:24–25; A4:3; B1:13–18
paleoclimatology, B1:13–18
planktonic foraminifers, A3:20–21; A4:19; A5:17–18; A6:15; A7:15; A8:14; A9:20
unique section, A3:2–4
Neogene–Quaternary interval, sediment drift, A1:55
neritic environment, nannofossil assemblages, B7:12–13, 53
oceanic anoxic event, A3:128
sediments, A1:148; A3:27–28; A6:23, 81; A9:26, 102; A10:13, 31
See also carbon/nitrogen ratio
chert, A1:49
photomicrograph, A3:77
See also micronodules
noncarbonate fraction, mass accumulation rates, A3:26; A4:60; A5:25; A6:22, 55; A7:21–22
Northern High
seismic lines, A11:13, 16
seismic reflection, A11:10
tectonics, A1:6–8


cross-spectral analysis, B22:26
reflectance, B22:5
vs. reflectance, B22:21–25
vs. total reflectance, A1:139
ocean circulation
Cretaceous and Paleogene deepwater, B1:6–8
Neogene, B1:13–18
seaway closure, A1:107; A4:37
upper Miocene–Holocene section, A1:103
volcanic ash, B18:7–8
oceanic anoxic event
biomarkers, A3:130
claystone, A10:3
Cretaceous, B1:1–47
deposition, A3:32; A9:29; B1:5–6; B16:5–8
geochemistry, A3:27–29
hydrocarbons, A3:130
lithologic units, A3:16–17
lower Aptian, A1:54, 64–66, 128; A3:5–7
mid-Cretaceous record, A1:98
organic geochemistry, A3:128
photograph, A9:43; A10:19; B16:18
sedimentology, B16:1–31
sediments, A9:26
Selli event, B7:6
volcanism, B16:9–11
well-logs, A3:110
oceanic anoxic event 1A
Cretaceous, B1:5, 27
Selli event, B7:6
oceanic plateaus volume, vs. age, A1:99
oceanography, currents, A1:9–10
Olduvai Subchron, sediments, A3:25
biostratigraphy, A1:56
calcareous nannofossils, A4:17–18; B2:4–5
deepwater circulation, B1:6–8
lithologic units, A6:9–10
mass accumulation rates, A4:22
See also Eocene/Oligocene boundary; Eocene–Oligocene transition; Paleocene–Oligocene interval
Oligocene, lower
age vs. depth, A6:53; A7:49; A8:45
lithologic units, A5:12–13
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B3:1–15
See also Miocene, middle/lower Oligocene unconformity
Oligocene, upper
lithologic units, A7:10
See also Miocene, lower/upper Oligocene unconformity
oligotrophic environment, biogeography, B7:14
lithologic units, A9:12–13
photomicrograph, A9:63–64
Ontong Java Plateau, volcanism, B16:9–10
photomicrograph, A3:73
sediments, A6:5
ooze, clayey foraminiferal nannofossil, lithologic units, A10:5, 7
ooze, clayey nannofossil
lithologic units, A3:12–13; A5:10–12; A6:7–10; A8:7–12; A9:9–10
photograph, A4:41–42
ooze, diatom/radiolarian, lithologic units, A3:12–13
ooze, nannofossil
lithologic units, A3:12–13; A4:9–13; A5:10–13; A6:7–10; A7:8–10; A8:7–12; A9:9–10; A10:5, 7
photograph, A4:44
photomicrograph, A1:131; A5:49
Miocene–lower Pliocene, B14:1–7
Neogene, A3:4; B1:14
sediments, B14:7
vs. carbonates, B14:6
vs. depth, B14:5
vs. reflectance, B14:6
pore water, A8:23
siliceous rocks, B17:7
authigenesis, B16:4–5
pore water, A8:23
siliceous rocks, B17:7
X-ray diffraction data, B16:5
orbital rhythms, paleoclimatology, A1:25; A4:3–4
organic matter
assessment, A10:13–14
lower Aptian, A9:3–4
oceanic anoxic event, B16:6–9
organic carbon, A9:27
oxidation, A3:30–32
sediments, A1:62–63
siliceous rocks, B17:9–10
sources, A9:28–29
oxic sedimentation, lithologic units, A3:15–17; A5:15
Aptian–Albian, A9:17
lithologic units, A5:14
organic matter, A3:30–32
siliceous rocks, B17:9–10
oxygen index
kerogen, A3:28
organic matter, A3:30–32
sediments, A1:148
vs. hydrogen index, A1:141; A3:90; A9:26–27, 77
oxygen isotopes
carbonates, B13:4–5
Cretaceous, B1:39
deepwater circulation, B1:7–8
Paleocene–Eocene, B10:13
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B1:45
upper Paleocene, A1:96
vs. age, A1:95–97; B1:27
vs. carbon isotopes, B12:11
vs. depth, B12:10; B13:8–14
Oyashio Current, circulation, A1:9–10


Pacific-Izanagi-Farallon triple junction, geology, A11:2
Pacific Ocean N, paleoceanography, A1:107
Pacific Ocean NW, Cenozoic paleoclimatology, B1:1–47
Cenozoic, B1:1–47
Cretaceous, B1:1–47
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A1:11
Lower Cretaceous, A1:14–15
Neogene, A1:24–25; A4:3; B1:13–18
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B1:10–12
seaway closure, Pacific Ocean N, A1:107
upper Miocene–Holocene interval, A1:103
biostratigraphy, A1:56; B4:1–56
calcareous nannofossils, B2:4–5
carbonates, B10:1–24
lithologic units, A5:12–13; A6:9–10
magnesium/calcium ratio, B12:4–5
mass accumulation rates, A4:23
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B3:1–15
photograph, A5:48
See also Campanian/Paleocene unconformity
Paleocene, lower
lithologic units, A7:10
stratigraphy, A6:4
Paleocene, middle. See mid-Paleocene biological event
Paleocene, upper
age vs. depth, A6:53; A7:49; A8:45
carbon isotopes, A1:96
carbonate dissolution, B10:7–8
events, B9:1–29
See also late Paleocene biotic event
Paleocene/Eocene boundary
calcareous nannofossils, A5:17; A7:14; B2:4–5
composite depths, A5:24
deepwater record, A1:27–28; A4:6–7
lithologic units, A5:12
magnetic susceptibility, A5:57
reflectance, A1:129; A5:47; A8:37
stratigraphy, A8:2–3
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum
benthic foraminifers, B1:11, 27
biostratigraphy, A1:112; A5:39; A6:14–20; B1:10–12; B2:4–5
calcareous nannofossils, A5:17
composite depths, A6:21
correlation, A1:71–73, 123, 143; A7:36
greenhouse warming, A1:10
lithologic units, A6:11–12; A8:11–12
lysocline shoaling, B8:1–36
magnetic susceptibility, A5:57
nannofossils, B1:46
paleoceanography, B1:10–12
photograph, A6:43; B1:44
planktonic foraminifers, A5:19
reflectance, A5:47
stable isotopes, B1:45
stratigraphy, A1:30–32, 36, 40, 44; A4:2; A5:3–5; A6:3; A7:2–4; A8:3–4
Paleocene–Oligocene interval, age vs. depth, A5:61
Paleocene, upper–middle Eocene interval, age vs. depth, A4:56
Paleocene Carbon Isotope Maximum, foraminifer isotopes, B10:13
Cenozoic, B1:1–47
Eocene/Oligocene boundary, B11:2–3
mid–Upper Cretaceous, A1:12–13
Neogene, B1:13–18
orbital rhythms, A1:25; A4:3–4
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, A1:30–32; B1:10–12; B3:12
Paleogene, B1:12
benthic foraminifers, A6:19–20; A9:71
deepwater circulation, B1:7
nannofossil assemblages, B7:12–13
organic matter, A9:28–29
benthic foraminifers, A4:20–21; A5:21–22; A6:18–19; A7:18–19; A8:16
calcareous nannofossils, A4:17–18; A5:17; A6:14–15; A7:14; A8:13; B2:17
deepwater circulation, A1:10–11, 70–71
hyperthermals, B1:12
neodymium isotopes, B1:41
ocean circulation, B1:6–8
planktonic foraminifers, A5:18–20; A6:16–17; A7:15–17; A8:14–15; B4:1–56
stable isotopes, B1:40
summary, A1:1–148
See also Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary
paleogeography, upper Paleocene, B9:12
paleoinclination, sills, B20:4–5
colatitude arcs, B21:13
sediments, B21:4–6, 11
paleomagnetic pole, Cretaceous, B20:13
igneous rocks, B20:1–15
Site 1207, A3:25–26
Site 1208, A4:21–22
Site 1209, A5:23
Site 1210, A6:20–21
Site 1211, A7:19–20
Site 1212, A8:17–18
Site 1213, A9:24–25; B20:1–15; B21:1–14
synthesis, A1:58
Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary, A1:113; A5:40
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, A1:112
biogeography, B7:15–16
biomarkers, A3:32
foraminifers, B9:7–8
proxies, B11:3–4
paleowater, depth, A5:22
paleowater, abyssal, benthic foraminifers, A3:24
Papanin Ridge
seismic lines, A11:15
seismic reflection, A11:11
pelagic sedimentation, ooze, A3:16
perisphere model, large igneous provinces, B1:4
sediments, B16:24–29
siliceous rocks, B17:6, 33–39
volcanic ash, B18:1–26
Cretaceous siliceous rocks, B17:1–45
oceanic anoxic event, B16:1–31
pH, pore water, A3:33; A4:25; A5:26; A6:24; A7:23; A8:20; A9:30
biostratigraphy, A6:16; B4:4–5; B9:7–8
lithologic units, A3:14–15
Paleogene, B1:12
photomicrograph, A3:70
upper Paleocene, B9:2–3
pore water, A3:34; A4:26; A5:27; A7:23–24; A8:21; A9:30
vs. alkalinity, A4:65
vs. calcium, A4:65
vs. depth, A3:94; A4:62; A5:65; A6:58; A7:54; A8:51
phosphorus, siliceous rocks, B17:28
photoelectric effect logs, vs. depth, A3:109; A9:86–87
phyllosilicates, X-ray diffraction data, B16:5
phyric texture
lithologic units, A9:12–13
photomicrograph, A9:62
physical properties
Site 1207, A3:37–40
Site 1208, A4:28–31
Site 1209, A5:29–33
Site 1210, A6:26–29
Site 1211, A7:25–28
Site 1212, A8:23–26
Site 1213, A9:30–32
Site 1214, A10:14–15
synthesis, A1:59
phytane. See pristane/phytane ratio
lithologic units, A9:12–13
photomicrograph, A9:63, 66, 70
volcanic ash, B18:4–5
plagioclase microlites
lithologic units, A9:12–13
photomicrograph, A9:62
plagioclase phenocrysts, photomicrograph, A9:62, 70
lithologic units, A3:14; A4:9–12
photograph, A4:46–48
platy texture, volcanic ash, B18:16
benthic foraminifers, A4:20–21
calcareous nannofossils, A10:9; B2:3
lithologic units, A3:12–13; A5:10–12; A6:7–9; A7:8–10; A8:7–8; A9:9–10; A10:5, 7
mass accumulation rates, A3:26; A4:23
photograph, A4:41–42, 44–45
planktonic foraminifers, A4:19; A9:20
See also Miocene, upper–Holocene interval; Pliocene–Pleistocene interval
Pleistocene, upper
calcareous nannofossils, A4:17
photograph, A4:41, 45
terrigenous input, B19:1–7
calcareous nannofossils, B2:3
lithologic units, A3:12–13; A5:10–12; A6:7–9; A7:8–10; A8:7–8; A9:9–10
mass accumulation rates, A4:23
planktonic foraminifers, A4:19; A9:20
unconformities, A9:25
See also Miocene, upper–Holocene interval
Pliocene, lower
benthic foraminifers, A4:20–21
sedimentation rates, A8:19
See also Miocene–lower Pliocene interval
Pliocene–Pleistocene interval
biostratigraphy, A1:56
reflectance, A3:79
plume model, large igneous provinces, B1:4
Polycyclolithaceae, photomicrograph, B7:80–82
Cretaceous, B17:1–45
diagenesis, A9:15
lithologic units, A3:14; A9:10–11
lower Aptian, A9:3–4
organic carbon, B1:5
petrography, B16:4–5
photograph, A10:21
photomicrograph, A3:75, 78; B16:22
redox, A9:15–17
thin sections, B16:19
porcellanite, calcareous, lithologic units, A10:5–9
porcellanite, clayey, lithologic units, A9:10–11
porcellanite, radiolarian, lithologic units, A9:10–11
pore water, geochemistry, A1:61–62; A3:33–37; A4:25–28, 86; A5:26–29, 94; A6:23–26; A7:23–25, 77; A8:20–23, 76; A9:29–30, 108
vs. depth, A1:101–102, 106, 110, 116, 120, 125; A3:55, 102; A4:36, 77; A5:38, 73; A6:33–34, 68; A7:33, 62; A8:30, 61
vs. thermal conductivity, A3:105; A4:75; A5:76
See also microporosity
porosity logs
oceanic anoxic event, A3:110
vs. depth, A3:108; A9:86, 89
porphyrins, Aptian and Valanginian, A9:27
black shale, A9:33
pore water, A3:35–36; A4:27; A5:28; A6:25; A7:24; A8:22; A9:30
siliceous rocks, B17:25
vs. depth, A3:95; A4:67; A5:66; A6:59; A7:55; A8:53
potassium logs, vs. depth, A3:109; A9:87
Prediscosphaeraceae, photomicrograph, B7:76–77
biogeography, B7:15–16
foraminifers, A7:16; B8:6; B9:5–8
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B3:3
photomicrograph, B12:7
preservation index, nannofossils, B1:46
pristane/phytane ratio, oceanic anoxic event, A3:29–30
provenance, volcanic ash, B18:5–8
proxy validation, foraminiferal preservation, B3:6–8
pumice clasts, lithologic units, A10:5, 7
pumice rafts, volcanic ash, B18:6
pumice texture, volcanic ash, B18:4–5
benthic foraminifer extinction, B3:11–12
lithologic units, A4:10–14; A8:11
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum lysocline, B8:5–6, 20–28
photograph, A4:45; A10:20
photomicrograph, B16:23
vs. distance above base of Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B8:21–24
pyrite blebs
lithologic units, A3:12–13; A6:8
photograph, A3:64
pyrite laminae, lithologic units, A3:12–13; A5:11–12
pyrite nodules, lithologic units, A6:8
classification, B18:12
volcanic ash, B18:4–5
pyrolysis, Rock–Eval
kerogen, A3:28
organic carbon, A9:26–27
pyroxene phenocrysts, photomicrograph, A9:62


hydrothermal alteration breccia, A9:49
lithologic units, A10:5
photomicrograph, A3:73; A9:68–69
X-ray diffraction data, B16:5
See also microquartz
quartz crystal cement, photomicrograph, A9:50
quartz + feldspar, vs. depth, A4:40
Quaternary. See Neogene–Quaternary interval


biostratigraphy, A9:23–24; A10:12
diagenesis, A9:15
lithologic units, A3:12–13; A8:7–8; A10:5–9
photograph, A10:20
photomicrograph, A3:74, 78; B16:22
sediments, B16:4–5
Unitary Association Zones, A9:23
lithologic units, A3:14
photomicrograph, B16:23
reduction, A9:16
recrystallization, carbonates, A1:61
red/blue ratio
lithologic units, A5:14
magnetic susceptibility, A5:43
lithologic units, A8:11–12; A10:8–9
porcellanite, A9:15–17
siliceous rocks, B17:9–10
Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary, A5:50
cyclic sedimentation, A3:15–17
Eocene/Oligocene boundary, A1:118; A5:46
lithologic units, A3:12–13
middle Eocene, A5:12, 51
Miocene–lower Pliocene, B14:2–3
Neogene, B1:17
obliquity, B22:5
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:129; A5:47
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, A5:47
Pliocene–Pleistocene interval, A3:79
power spectra, B22:20
sediments, A4:24
upper Miocene, A5:45
vs. age, A3:79; A4:50
vs. carbonate content, A3:61
vs. carbonates, B14:6
vs. depth, A1:101–102, 106, 110, 116, 120, 125; A3:55, 58, 61–63, 67, 69, 71, 80; A4:36, 39, 43, 49; A5:38, 42–43, 45–47, 50–51; A6:33–34, 36, 42–43; A7:33, 37–40; A8:30, 33, 35–37; A9:41–42
vs. opal, B14:6
reflectance, total, vs. obliquity and eccentricity, A1:139
reflectors, volcanism, A11:3
relief map, A1:91
remanent coercivity/coercivity field ratio, vs. saturation remanence/ saturation magnetization ratio, B20:11
remanent magnetization, characteristic, sediments, B21:4
remanent magnetization, natural
igneous rocks, A9:24–25; B20:3–4
sediments, A3:25–26; A4:21–22; A5:23; A6:20–21; A7:19–20; A8:17; B21:3; B22:3–4
remanent magnetization, saturation, basalt, B20:11
resistivity logs, vs. depth, A1:135; A3:108; A9:86, 88
resorption, photomicrograph, A9:62
Rhagodiscaceae, photomicrograph, B7:66–67
rhyolitic composition, volcanic ash, B18:6
rhythmic beds
deepwater circulation, A1:70–71
lithologic units, A4:9–12


salinity, pore water, A3:33; A4:25; A6:24; A7:23; A8:21; A9:30
sand fraction, vs. depth, B12:9, 13
benthic foraminifers, A9:22
lithologic units, A9:10
planktonic foraminifers, A9:21
unconformities, A9:25
See also Campanian, mid/lower Santonian–Coniacian unconformity
green laminae, A6:12–13
photomicrographs, A1:131
saturation remanence/saturation magnetization ratio, vs. remanent coercivity/ coercivity field ratio, B20:11
scour surfaces, photograph, A3:66
sea-level changes
biogeography, B7:13–15
oceanic anoxic event, B16:12
seamounts volume, vs. age, A1:99
seaway closure, ocean circulation, A1:107; A4:37
sediment drift, Neogene–Quaternary interval, A1:55
sedimentary features, sediments, A4:79
sedimentary rocks, paleomagnetism, B21:1–14
comparison to DSDP 305, A7:12–13
lithologic units, A3:15–17; A4:13–14; A5:13–15; A6:10–12; A7:11–13
synthesis, A1:63–64; B1:38
sedimentation, biosiliceous, Neogene–Quaternary interval, A1:55
sedimentation rates
age vs. depth, B22:15
Aptian–Albian interval, A10:12–13
interval thickness, A1:147
Neogene, B1:13–18
Site 1207, A3:26
Site 1208, A4:22–24
Site 1209, A5:24–25
Site 1210, A6:21–23
Site 1211, A7:21–22
Site 1212, A8:19–20
Site 1213, A9:25–26
Site 1214, A10:12–13
unconformities, A5:24–25; A6:21–23; A7:21–22; A8:19–20; A9:25–26
vs. depth, A1:140
See also mass accumulation rates
sedimentation rates, linear
mass accumulation rates, A5:91; A7:74; A8:73
sediments, A6:79
sedimentology, oceanic anoxic event, B16:1–31
anomalous lithification, A1:37–38
lithification, A6:4–5
paleomagnetism, B21:1–14
petrography, B16:24–29
photomicrographs, A1:131
X-ray diffraction data, A3:120
sediments, biosiliceous, vs. depth, A1:130; A3:60
sediments, bulk, mass accumulation rates, A3:26; A4:60; A5:25; A6:22, 55; A7:21–22
sediments, clay-rich, upper Paleocene, B9:2–3
sediments, organic-rich, Aptian, A3:30–32
seismic data, acquisition, A11:12
seismic profiles
Site 1207, A1:100; A3:53
Site 1208, A1:105; A4:35
Site 1209, A1:109; A5:37
Site 1210, A1:115; A6:32
Site 1211, A1:119; A7:32
Site 1213, A1:126; A9:40
seismic reflection, Shatsky Rise, A11:1–21
seismograms, synthetic
plotted on seismic line, A3:115
velocity logs, A3:44
vs. depth, A3:114
Selli event, nannofossil biostratigraphy, B7:6
thin sections, B16:19
See also black shale
shale, organic-rich, photomicrograph, B16:21
Shatsky Plateau, tectonics, A1:6–8
Shatsky Rise
carbonate and barite, B11:1–16
carbonate dissolution, B10:1–24
carbonate geochemistry, B13:1–17
Cenozoic paleoclimatology, B1:1–47
Cretaceous nannofossil biostratigraphy, B7:1–82
Cretaceous siliceous rocks, B17:1–45
early late Paleocene event, B9:1–29
high-resolution seismic reflection data, A11:1–21
magnetostratigraphy, B22:1–39
oceanic anoxic event, B16:1–31
opal and carbonate, B14:1–7
origin, B1:3–4
Paleocene–early Oligocene nannofossil biostratigraphy, B3:1–15
position reconstruction, A1:93
summary, A1:1–148
volcanic ash, B18:1–26
shells, core photographs, A1:114
shoaling, Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum lysocline, B8:1–36
siderite, X-ray diffraction data, B16:5
authigenesis, B16:4–5
pore water, A3:36; A4:27; A5:28–29; A6:26; A7:24; A8:22–23; A9:30
vs. calcium oxide, B17:19
vs. depth, A3:95; A4:66; A5:67; A6:60; A7:56; A8:54
silica, biogenic
deposition, A9:15
vs. depth, A3:60; A4:40; A8:34
siliceous microfossils
lithologic units, A7:9–10
Neogene, B1:17
siliceous Pacific paradigm, biogeography, B7:15–16
siliceous rocks, Cretaceous, B17:1–45
silicoflagellates, lithologic units, A8:8
argon isotopes, B1:4
basement, A9:5–6
geochemistry, B1:36
hydrothermal alteration, A9:17
lithologic units, A9:17–18
paleoinclination, B20:4–5
photograph, A9:60
sills, basaltic, hydrothermal alteration, B1:3–4
silt, radiolarian, lithologic units, A3:14
Site 305, comparison to Site 1211, A7:12–13
Site 463
organic-rich intervals, B16:8
petrography, B16:5
Site 846, sulfate and methane, vs. depth, A4:62
Site 849, sulfate and methane, vs. depth, A4:62
Site 926, timescales, B22:6
Site 1207, A3:1–140
background and objectives, A3:7–9
biostratigraphy, A3:18–25; B7:6–10
color trends, B17:5–6
coring summary, A3:54–55, 117–118
downhole measurements, A3:40–44
inorganic geochemistry, A3:33–37, 134
lithostratigraphy, A3:11–18
mass accumulation rates, A3:26
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B6:3–4
operations, A3:9–11
organic geochemistry, A3:27–32
paleomagnetism, A3:25–26; B22:31–33
physical properties, A3:37–40
principal results, A1:16–22; A3:1–7
sedimentation rates, A3:26
site description, A3:1–140
Site 1208, A4:1–93
background and objectives, A4:7–8
biostratigraphy, A4:16–21; B2:1–44; B7:6–10
coring summary, A4:36, 78
inorganic geochemistry, A4:25–28
late Pleistocene terrigenous input, B19:1–7
lithostratigraphy, A4:9–16
mass accumulation rates, A4:22–24
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B6:4–5
opal and carbonate, B14:1–7
operations, A4:8
organic geochemistry, A4:24–25
paleomagnetism, A4:21–22
physical properties, A4:28–31
principal results, A1:22–28; A4:1–7
sedimentation rates, A4:22–24
site description, A4:1–93
Site 1209, A5:1–102
background and objectives, A5:7–8
biostratigraphy, A5:16–22; B5:3–4
composite depths, A5:24; B15:2–3
coring summary, A5:80–82
inorganic geochemistry, A5:26–29
lithostratigraphy, A5:9–15
mass accumulation rates, A5:24–25
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B3:1–15; B6:5
operations, A5:8–9
organic geochemistry, A5:25–26
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B8:25
paleomagnetism, A5:23; B22:34–35
physical properties, A5:29–33
planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy, B4:1–56; B5:3–4
principal results, A1:28–34; A5:1–7
sedimentation rates, A5:24–25
site description, A5:1–102
stable isotopes, B12:1–19
Site 1210, A6:1–89
background and objectives, A6:5–6
biostratigraphy, A6:13–20
composite depths, A6:21; B15:3–4
coring summary, A6:33–34, 69–70
inorganic geochemistry, A6:23–26
lithostratigraphy, A6:7–13
mass accumulation rates, A6:21–23
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B3:1–15; B6:5–6
operations, A6:6
organic geochemistry, A6:23
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B8:26
paleomagnetism, A6:20–21; B22:36–37
physical properties, A6:26–29
planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy, B4:1–56
principal results, A1:34–38; A6:1–5
sedimentation rates, A6:21–23
site description, A6:1–89
Site 1211, A7:1–81
background and objectives, A7:6
biostratigraphy, A7:13–19; B5:4–6
composite depths, A7:20–21; B15:4–5
coring summary, A7:33, 64–65
inorganic geochemistry, A7:23–25
lithostratigraphy, A7:8–13
mass accumulation rates, A7:21–22
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B3:1–15; B6:6
operations, A7:7–8
organic geochemistry, A7:22
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B8:28
paleomagnetism, A7:19–20; B22:38
physical properties, A7:25–28
planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy, B4:1–56; B5:4–6
principal results, A1:38–42; A7:1–5
sedimentation rates, A7:21–22
site description, A7:1–81
Site 1212, A8:1–79
background and objectives, A8:5–6
biostratigraphy, A8:12–17; B7:6–10
composite depths, A8:18
coring summary, A8:30, 63–64
inorganic geochemistry, A8:20–23
lithostratigraphy, A8:7–12
mass accumulation rates, A8:19–20
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B6:6–7
operations, A8:6–7
organic geochemistry, A8:20
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B8:27
paleomagnetism, A8:17–18; B22:39
physical properties, A8:23–26
principal results, A1:42–46; A8:1–5
sedimentation rates, A8:19–20
site description, A8:1–79
Site 1213, A9:1–110
background and objectives, A9:6–7
biostratigraphy, A9:18–24; B7:4–5, 7–10
coring summary, A9:90–91
downhole measurements, A9:32–33
inorganic geochemistry, A9:29–30
lithostratigraphy, A9:8–18
mass accumulation rates, A9:25–26
nannofossil biostratigraphy, B6:7
operations, A9:7–8
organic geochemistry, A9:26–29
paleomagnetism, A9:24–25; B20:1–15; B21:1–14
physical properties, A9:30–32
principal results, A1:46–51; A9:1–6
sedimentation rates, A9:25–26
site description, A9:1–110
Site 1214, A10:1–34
background and objectives, A10:3–4
biostratigraphy, A10:9–12; B7:5–10
coring summary, A10:26
lithostratigraphy, A10:4–9
mass accumulation rates, A10:12–13
operations, A10:4
organic geochemistry, A10:13–14
physical properties, A10:14–15
principal results, A1:51–53; A10:1–3
sedimentation rates, A10:12–13
site description, A10:1–34
lithologic units, A9:11
photograph, A9:48
photograph, A9:67
photomicrograph, A9:65
X-ray diffraction data, B16:5
pore water, A8:21; A9:30
siliceous rocks, B17:29
vs. depth, A3:33–34, 93; A4:25; A5:27; A6:24; A7:23, 53; A8:50
soft sediment deformation, photograph, A9:48
Southern High
seismic lines, A11:14, 20
seismic reflection, A11:8
tectonics, A1:6–8
sparite, photomicrograph, B16:22
spicules, photomicrograph, A3:74
splice tie points
composite depths, B15:1, 21, 25
mapping pairs, B15:18–19, 22–23, 26
Site 1209, A5:90
Site 1210, A6:78
Site 1211, A7:73
Site 1212, A8:72
sponge spicules, lithologic units, A8:8
stable isotopes
foraminifers, B12:1–19
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B1:45
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum lysocline, B8:4–32
Paleogene, B1:40
stanones, oceanic anoxic event, A9:29
stenone, organic-rich sediments, A9:104
Stephanolithiaceae, photomicrograph, B7:68–69
sterenes, organic-rich sediments, A9:104
biomarkers, A9:105
oceanic anoxic event, A3:29–30
sterol ethers, biomarkers, A9:105
sterones, oceanic anoxic event, A9:29
stratigraphic range chart, calcareous nannofossils, B3:7–9; B6:29–31, 34–40; B7:48–52
stratigraphy, evolution, A1:108; A4:38
stress regime, large igneous provinces, B1:4
carbonates, B13:5
pore water, A3:36; A4:28; A5:28; A6:26; A7:24; A8:22; A9:30
siliceous rocks, B17:21
vs. depth, A3:96; A4:67; A5:66; A6:59; A7:55; A8:53; B13:8–14
See also calcium/strontium ratio
strontium/calcium ratio
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, B1:45
pore water, A3:36; A4:28; A5:28; A6:26; A7:24; A8:22
vs. depth, A3:96; A4:67; A5:66; A7:55; A8:53
strontium isotopes, sills, B1:4
Subbotina spp., vs. depth, B9:15
subophitic texture, photomicrograph, A9:63–64, 66
pore water, A3:34–35; A4:26–27; A5:27; A6:24; A7:23; A8:21; A9:30
vs. depth, A1:140; A3:88, 94; A4:62, 64; A5:65; A6:58; A7:54; A8:51
vs. methane, A4:61
sulfate and methane, vs. depth, A4:62
oceanic anoxic event, A3:128
sediments, A1:148; A3:27–28; A6:23, 81; A9:26, 102; A10:31
superplumes, basement, A1:15–16


oceanic anoxic event, B16:11
photomicrograph, B16:20
tectonics, evolution, A1:6–8; A11:3
Temperate PBZ, biogeography, B5:9–11
profiles, A5:77, 102
vs. age, A1:97
vs. depth, A5:78
temperature, in-situ, sediments, A5:32
terrigenous component, upper Pleistocene, B19:1–7
Tertiary. See Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary
Tethys. See Boreal/Tethyan differentiation
textures, volcanic ash, B18:4–5
thermal conductivity
discrete measurements, A3:140; A5:101
sediments, A3:39–40; A4:30, 93; A5:32
vs. depth, A3:104; A4:74; A5:75
vs. porosity, A3:105; A4:75; A5:76
deepwater circulation, B1:7–8
shoaling theoretical model, B3:9–11
thin sections, lithologic units, A3:14–15
oceanic anoxic event, A3:29
organic matter, A9:28
Thompson Trough
seismic lines, A11:15
seismic reflection, A11:11
time scales, paleomagnetism, B22:6–7
titanium, siliceous rocks, B17:22
titanomagnetite, igneous rocks, B20:4
Tithonian, calcareous nannofossils, A9:19
Tithonian, upper, age vs. depth, A9:75
trace elements
chert color, B17:32
siliceous rocks, B17:7
traction currents, lithologic units, A3:14
Trichichnus, lithologic units, A4:11
triple junctions, evolution, A11:3
triterpenoids, biomarkers, A9:105
trophic resources, biogeography, B7:13–15
Tropical PBZ, biogeography, B5:9–11
Tubodiscaceae, photomicrograph, B7:74–77
tuff, photomicrograph, B16:23
tuff, altered, photograph, A10:19
calcareous nannofossils, A3:20; B5:4
photomicrograph, A3:74
See also Cenomanian/Turonian boundary
Turonian, lower, lithologic units, A3:13–14


Campanian–Miocene interval, A1:104; A3:57
carbonate compensation depth, A9:13–14
lithologic units, A3:13; A9:13–14; A10:5, 7
locations and depths and maximum ages, A1:146
mass accumulation rates, A4:23
oceanic anoxic event, B16:11–12
origin, A1:25–27; A4:4–6
sedimentation rates, A5:24–25; A6:21–23; A7:21–22; A8:19–20; A9:25–26
stratigraphy, A1:43; A8:2–3
summary, A1:8–9, 146; A3:116
See also discontinuities; hiatuses
Unitary Association Zones, radiolarians, A9:23
upwelling, biogeography, B7:15–16
uranium, black shale, A9:33
uranium logs
black shale, A9:33
vs. depth, A3:109; A9:87, 89


greenhouse effect, A1:15
hydrocarbons, A9:27
organic matter, A1:62–63
reduction, A9:16
sediments, A9:4
Unitary Association Zones, A9:24
See also Aptian, lower–Valanginian interval
Valanginian, lower, nannofossil biostratigraphy, B7:8
Valanginian, upper, nannofossil biostratigraphy, B7:8
lithologic units, A9:13
photograph, A9:67
photomicrograph, A9:68
velocity logs, vs. depth, A3:108
vesicular texture, volcanic ash, B18:6–7
void ratio, vs. depth, A3:102; A4:77; A5:73; A:68; A7:62; A8:61
volcanic ash
correlation, B18:17–19
correlation of matrices, B18:24–26
counted and calculated parameters, B18:21–23
green bands, A6:12–13
lithologic units, A4:11–12; A9:13
Neogene, B1:15
petrography, B18:1–26
photograph, A3:66; A4:44
sample intervals and age estimates, B18:20
volcanic centers, oceanic anoxic event, B16:12
volcanic debris, petrography, B16:24–29
volcanic edifices, tectonics, A1:6–8
volcanic glass
components according to stain, B18:13
lithologic units, A5:11–12; A10:5
photomicrograph, B16:20, 23
vesiculated vs. shards vs. blocky textures, B18:14
volcanic ash, B18:5–8
volcanic plateaus, oceanic anoxic event, B16:10–11
volcaniclastics, oceanic anoxic event, B16:8–9
basement, A1:15–16
large igneous provinces, B1:4
oceanic anoxic event, B16:8–11
reflectors, A11:3
volcanology, oceanic anoxic event, B16:1–31


water content, vs. depth, A1:101–102, 106, 110, 116, 120, 125; A3:55, 102; A4:36, 77; A5:38, 73; A6:33–34, 68; A7:33, 62; A8:30, 61
water masses, Neogene, B1:13–18
Watznaueriaceae, photomicrograph, B7:72–73
logging runs summary, A3:107
synthesis, A1:58–60
well-logging Unit 1, sediments, A3:41; A9:32
well-logging Unit 2, sediments, A3:42; A9:32
well-logging Unit 3, sediments, A3:42; A9:32–33
well-logging Unit 4, sediments, A3:42; A9:33
well-logging Unit 5, sediments, A3:42; A9:33
well-logging Unit 6, sediments, A3:42; A9:33
well-logging units, sediments, A3:41–42; A9:32–33
wind transport, upper Pleistocene, B19:2, 5


X-ray diffraction data
hydrothermal alteration breccia, A9:49
sediments, A3:120; A6:40–41, 71; B16:5, 30–31
siliceous rocks, B17:6, 40–43


authigenesis, B16:4–5
lithologic units, A3:13
photomicrograph, B16:21, 23
X-ray diffraction data, B16:5
Zijderfeld plots, sediments, B21:10
biostratigraphy, A3:58–59
calcareous nannofossils, B6:1–60
correlation, B6:7
magnetic polarity, A3:25–26
Paleocene nannofossil biostratigraphy, B3:3–4
planktonic foraminifers, B4:1–56; B5:1–15
lithologic units, A3:13; A4:9–12; A5:11; A6:9–10
photograph, A3:68; A4:46, 48