SUBJECT INDEX

A

absolute pole, rotations, B21:21
Abyssamina quadrata, preservation, A8:26
acceleration, well-logging, A11:80
actinommids
percentage in Zone RP15, B24:19
Zone RP15, B24:7–8
age
biogenic sediments, A4:10
radiolarian zonal boundaries, A14:31
radiolarian zones, A1:74
vs. paleodepth, A1:63; B1:36
vs. paleolatitude, A1:65
age vs. depth
correlation of Sites 1218 and 1219, B2:27
Site 1215, A8:34
Site 1216, A9:25
Site 1217, A10:36, 38
Site 1218, A11:61
Site 1219, A12:66
Site 1220, A13:49, 51
Site 1221, A14:35
Site 1222, A15:27
alkalinity
pore water, A8:15; A9:10; A10:16; A11:25; A12:25; A13:21; A14:18; A15:12
vs. depth, A8:35; A9:26; A10:39; A11:64; A12:69; A13:53; A14:38; A15:30
alkenones
organic biomarkers, B25:1–11
properties, B25:8
aluminum
bulk sediments, A8:17; A9:11; A10:17; A11:26; A12:26–27; A13:22; A14:19; B14:15
ferromanganese micronodules, B14:4
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:84; A13:23; B16:3
precision by inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectroscopy, A7:11
sediments, B14:4
velocity and density, B13:6
vs. age, A1:69
vs. depth, A8:36; A9:27; A10:40; A11:65; A12:70; A13:54, 56; A14:39, 41; B15:5; B16:6
vs. manganese in bulk sediments, B14:16
See also manganese/aluminum ratio
aluminum/(aluminum + iron + manganese) ratio, vs. iron/titanium ratio, B14:18
aluminum/titanium ratio
bulk sediments, A12:27
vs. age, A1:70
aluminum oxide, calibration by inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectroscopy, A7:10
ammonium
pore water, A12:25; A13:21
vs. depth, A8:35; A9:26; A10:39; A11:64; A12:69; A13:53; A14:38; A15:30
anoxia
burial at Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B23:4–5
See also redox
Antarctic Bottom Water, benthic foraminifers, A12:19
Antarctic ice volume, Oligocene, B1:11
antimony, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
arsenic
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
vs. depth, B15:3; B16:6
artostrobids
percentage in Zone RP15, B24:19
Zone RP15, B24:7
atmospheric circulation, climate models, A3:5–6
authigenesis, pore water, A10:17

B

barite
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B1:19; B22:1–23
vs. depth, B22:17–18, 23
barite, calcium carbonate-free, vs. depth, B22:19
barium
bulk sediments, A8:17; A9:11; A10:18; A11:27; A12:27; A13:23; A14:19; B14:15
Eocene sediments, B20:1–33
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3, 11
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:85; A13:24; A14:20; B1:19; B16:3; B22:1–23
pore water, A8:16; A9:10; A10:17; A12:26
sediments, B14:4
vs. depth, A8:35–36; A9:26–27; A10:39–40; A11:64–65; A12:69–70; A13:53–54, 56; A14:39, 41; A15:30; B15:5; B16:6; B21:17
vs. manganese in bulk sediments, B14:16
barium, shipboard, sediments, B22:22
barium/phosphorus ratio, productivity, B22:9
barium/reactive phosphorus ratio, vs. depth, B22:19
barium/titanium ratio, vs. age, A1:70
basalt, lithologic units, A8:6; A10:8; A11:10; A12:11; A13:9; A14:9; A15:6
benthic extinction event. See Paleocene/Eocene boundary Benthic Extinction Event
biogenic component, concentration, B20:26
biomarkers. See organic biomarkers
biostratigraphic datums, vs. depth, A8:25
biostratigraphy
ebridians, B10:1–9
integration, B2:6–7
lower Oligocene/lower Eocene radiolarians, B5:1–74
middle Eocene, B24:6
Oligocene benthic foraminifers, B8:1–26
Oligocene/lower Miocene diatoms, B6:1–25
Paleocene/Eocene benthic foraminifers, B7:1–34
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:25–26
Paleogene, B1:6–8
radiolarian zonation, A9:19; A10:29
sedimentation rates, A8:14–15
silicoflagellates, B9:1–29; B10:1–9
Site 1215, A8:6–10
Site 1216, A9:6–7
Site 1217, A10:9–12
Site 1218, A11:10–19
Site 1219, A12:13–20
Site 1220, A13:10–18
Site 1221, A14:9–15
Site 1222, A15:7–9
upper Oligocene/lower Miocene radiolarians, B4:1–13
vs. age, A1:76
vs. depth, A15:22
zonation, A11:47–48; A12:53–54; A13:38–39; A14:30
zonation vs. depth, A8:25
biotic events, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:25–26
bioturbation
lithologic units, A10:6; A12:8–11; A13:6–10; A15:4–6
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A14:8
photograph, A10:27
birnessite, ferromanganese micronodules, B14:4
Blackman-Tukey spectrum, caliper logs, A12:87–88
blue spectra. See red/blue spectral ratio
boreholes, velocity and density, B13:6–7
boron
pore water, A15:12
vs. depth, A8:35; A9:26; A10:39; A11:64; A12:69; A13:53; A14:38; A15:30
Brunhes Chron
magnetic polarity, A8:11–12
magnetostratigraphy, A12:22
burial, biogenic, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B23:1–12
burrows, lithologic units, A11:8
buserite, ferromanganese micronodules, B14:4

C

cadmium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
calcite
calibration of visible and near-infrared spectroscopy, B11:19
light absorption spectroscopy, A5:5; A8:19; A9:13, 45; A10:19, 62; A11:29, 118–120; A12:30, 121–123; A13:26, 88–89; A14:21–22, 63; A15:14, 54
light absorption spectroscopy vs. chemical analysis, A5:14
light absorption spectroscopy vs. ground-truth mineralogy, A5:18
reflectance spectra, B11:9
reflectance vs. wavelength, A5:13
velocity and density, B13:5–6
visible and near-infrared spectroscopy, B11:11–17
vs. depth, A8:39; A9:30; A10:43; A11:69; A12:75; A13:60; A14:45; A15:35; B24:15
calcite, secondary, nannofossil biostratigraphy, A14:11
calcite overgrowth, photomicrograph, A12:55
calcium
bulk sediments, A8:17; A9:11; A10:18; A11:26; A12:27; A13:23; A14:19
ferromanganese micronodules, B14:4
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:85; A14:20; B16:3
pore water, A8:16; A9:10; A11:25–26; A12:26; A13:22; A14:18; A15:12
velocity and density, B13:6
vs. age, A1:67; A7:13
vs. depth, A1:66; A8:35–36; A9:26–27; A10:39–40; A11:64–66; A12:69–71; A13:53–56; A14:38–41; A15:30; B15:5; B16:6
vs. phosphorus in bulk sediments, B14:16
See also magnesium/calcium ratio
calcium, inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectroscopy, vs. depth, A7:12
calcium carbonate
bulk sediments, A8:17–18; A9:11; A10:18; A11:23, 27; A12:27–28, 118; A13:23, 86; A14:19; A15:13; B21:30–31; B23:10–12
burial at Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B23:2–5
carbonate accumulation event, B20:26
dissolution, B23:9
Eocene/Oligocene boundary, B1:13
Eocene sediments, B21:8–9
lithologic units, A8:55; A14:61; A15:52
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B22:6–7
productivity, B22:11
sediments, A9:43; A10:60; A11:114–115
sodium carbonate and potassium hydroxide treatment vs. normative analysis, A6:21
vs. age, B2:27; B21:23, 28
vs. depth, A11:66; A12:71; A13:55; A14:40; A15:31; B22:18; B23:8
calcium carbonate, rain-preserved, vs. calcium carbonate mass accumulation rates, B21:26
calibration
inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectroscopy, A7:4–5
light absorption spectroscopy, A5:7–9
caliper logs
Blackman-Tukey spectrum, A12:87–88
vs. depth, A11:78, 82–83; A12:84
carbon, calcium carbonate-free organic, vs. depth, B22:19
carbon, organic
bulk sediments, A10:18; A11:27; A12:118; A13:86; A14:19; B21:30–31; B22:23; B23:10–12
burial, B1:17–18
burial at Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B23:2–5
concentration vs. mass accumulation rates, B20:27
constant burial, B22:8–9
diagenesis, A1:14–15
Eocene sediments, B20:1–33; B21:9–10
lithologic units, A8:55; A14:61; A15:52
mass accumulation rates, B20:26
organic biomarkers, B25:1–11
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B22:7
productivity, B22:10–11
sediments, A9:43; A10:60; A11:114–115
vs. age, B21:23
vs. depth, B23:8–9
vs. distance to chert layers, B20:25
carbon cycle
obliquity, B1:12
paleoclimatology, B1:3
carbon dioxide
Eocene/Oligocene boundary, B1:14
paleoclimatology, B1:3
carbon isotopes
benthic foraminiferal timescale, B18:10
benthic foraminifers, B21:29
Oligocene, B1:11–12
Oligocene/Miocene boundary, B19:1–13
Oligocene paleoceanography, B17:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:5; B18:1–12
sediments, B21:31
vs. depth, B17:7; B18:8–9
carbonate accumulation event-1, age, B21:23
carbonate accumulation event-2, age, B21:23
carbonate accumulation event-3
age, B21:23
carbonate compensation depth, B21:14–15
Eocene, B1:16–17
carbonate accumulation event-4, age, B21:23
carbonate accumulation events
age, B20:26
sedimentation rates, B21:8–16
sediments, B21:32
carbonate compensation depth
carbonate accumulation event-3, B21:14–15
Eocene, B1:16–17; B21:1–35
Eocene changes, B21:11–12
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A1:6; B8:3
Eocene/Oligocene boundary, B1:14
lithologic units, A11:10; A12:12; A13:10
lower Eocene, A1:55; B1:15
mass accumulation rates, A10:15
multisensor track data, B2:7–8
nannofossils, A11:13
oxygen isotopes, B21:12–13
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:5
Paleogene, A1:12–13
seismic reflections, A4:6
vs. depth, B21:27
carbonate content
velocity and density, B13:5–6
vs. compressional wave velocity, B13:20
vs. depth, A10:28
vs. wet bulk density, B13:19
carbonate crystals, lithologic units, A11:8
carbonates
carbonate compensation depth, B21:1–33
cyclostratigraphy, B1:8
latitudinal transects, A1:15–17
lower Eocene, A1:55; B1:15
preservation, B18:3–4
seismic reflections, A4:4–5
cementation, lithologic units, A12:12
Cenozoic
benthic oxygen isotopes vs. age, A1:56
high-resolution mineralogy, B11:1–23
paleoclimatology, B1:2–3
radiolarian biostratigraphy, B3:1–76
Cenozoic, lower, paleoceanography, B1:1–39
cerium
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
vs. depth, B15:5; B16:6
vs. manganese in bulk sediments, B14:16
cerium/cerium ratio, bulk sediments, B14:4, 15
chalk
lithologic units, A11:8
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A14:8
chalk, calcareous
lithologic units, A12:11; A13:8–9; A14:7–8
photomicrograph, A13:36
chalk, clayey calcareous, photomicrograph, A13:36
chalk, dolomitized nannofossil, lower–middle Eocene, A1:32–33; A10:4
chalk, nannofossil
lithologic units, A10:7–8; A11:8–10; A14:7–8
lower Eocene–upper Paleocene, A1:11–12
Oligocene–lower Miocene, A1:10
photograph, A10:27
chemical analysis
bulk marine sediments, A7:1–14
sodium carbonate treatment of radiolarian ooze, A6:1–21
chert
intact layers, A11:90
lithologic units, A8:5–6; A10:7–8; A11:9; A12:11; A13:7–8; A14:6–7; A15:6
lower–lower middle Eocene, A1:11
lower–middle Eocene, A1:32–33; A10:4
photograph, A11:45
See also clay/chert, interbedded pelagic
chert bands, Formation Microscanner imagery, A12:91
chert fragments, lithologic units, A11:8
chloride
pore water, A8:15; A9:10; A10:16; A11:25; A12:25; A13:21; A14:18; A15:12
vs. depth, A8:35; A9:26; A10:39; A11:64; A12:69; A13:53; A14:38; A15:30
chlorite, light absorption spectroscopy, A5:5–6
chlorophyll, productivity, A1:53; B1:34
Chondrites, lithologic units, A11:9
chromium
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
vs. depth, B15:5; B16:6
Chron C1n
magnetic polarity, A8:11–12
magnetostratigraphy, A11:21; A12:22; A15:10
sedimentation rates, A9:9
Chron C1n.1r, magnetic polarity, A8:11
Chron C1r.1n, sedimentation rates, A9:9
Chron C2An, magnetic polarity, A8:11–12
Chron C2Ar, magnetostratigraphy, A11:21
Chron C2n, magnetic polarity, A8:11–12
Chron C6An, magnetostratigraphy, A13:18
Chron C6An.2n, Oligocene, B1:11
Chron C6Cn–C12n, magnetostratigraphy, A15:10
Chron C6Cn.2n, foraminiferal biostratigraphy, A12:17
Chron C6Cn.2r
foraminiferal biostratigraphy, A12:17
nannofossil biostratigraphy, A12:14
radiolarians, A12:19–20
Chron C6Cn.3n, Oligocene, B1:11
Chron C6Cr, foraminiferal biostratigraphy, A12:17
Chron C6n, seismic reflections, A4:5
Chron C7An, magnetostratigraphy, A11:21
Chron C7n.2n, magnetostratigraphy, A11:21
Chron C8r, seismic reflections, A4:5
Chron C9n
Oligocene, B1:11
seismic reflections, A4:5
Chron C11n, magnetostratigraphy, A11:21; B2:6
Chron C11n.1n
magnetostratigraphy, A11:21
Oligocene, B1:11
Chron C11n.2n, magnetostratigraphy, A11:21
Chron C12, magnetostratigraphy, A11:21
Chron C12n–C13n, Oligocene, B1:11
Chron C12r, magnetostratigraphy, A11:21; A12:22
Chron C13n
correlation, B2:8
magnetostratigraphy, A12:22; B2:7
Chron C13n/C13r reversal, magnetostratigraphy, A12:22
Chron C13n–C20n, magnetostratigraphy, B2:7
Chron C13r, magnetostratigraphy, A14:15
Chron C15n, magnetostratigraphy, A12:22; A14:15
Chron C15n–C20n, magnetostratigraphy, A14:15
Chron C16, magnetostratigraphy, A10:13
Chron C17, magnetostratigraphy, A10:13
Chron C18n–C12n, magnetostratigraphy, A10:13
Chron C18r, magnetostratigraphy, A15:10
Chron C19n, sedimentation rates, A9:9
Chron C20n
magnetic polarity, A9:8
magnetostratigraphy, A10:13
sedimentation rates, A9:9
Chron C20r, magnetostratigraphy, A12:22
Chron C21, magnetostratigraphy, A13:18
Chron C21n, magnetostratigraphy, A13:18
Chron C22n, magnetic polarity, A8:12
Chron C22r, magnetic polarity, A8:12
Chron C23n, magnetic polarity, A8:11–12
Chron C23r, magnetic polarity, A8:12
Chron C24n, magnetic polarity, A8:11–12
Chron C24n.3n, sedimentation rates, A8:14
Chron C24r
foraminiferal biostratigraphy, A12:18
magnetic polarity, A8:11–12
Chron C25n
magnetic polarity, A8:11
sedimentation rates, A8:14–15
Cibicidoides mundulus, vs. depth, B8:10–11
Cibicidoides sp. A, vs. depth, B8:10–11
Clarion Fracture Zone, seismic reflections, A4:6
clay
light absorption spectroscopy, A5:5–6
lithologic units, A8:5; A9:5–6; A10:6–8; A11:7; A12:8–11; A13:6–10; A14:6–8; A15:4–6
lower Eocene, A1:29
lower–lower middle Eocene, A1:11
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A14:8
photograph, A10:27
visible and near-infrared spectroscopy, B11:18
clay, iron/manganese oxide/sulfide, photomicrograph, A13:36
clay, iron oxide, lithologic units, A15:5
clay, nannofossil, lithologic units, A8:5–6
clay, pelagic, rebound, B12:5–6
clay, radiolarian, lithologic units, A11:7; A12:8–11; A15:5
clay, red, lithologic units, A1:28, 30; A8:2; A9:3
clay, surficial, Paleogene, A1:9–10
clay, zeolitic
lithologic units, A10:6–7; A12:11; A14:7–8
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A14:8
clay/chert, interbedded pelagic, lithologic units, A9:5–6
claystone, nannofossil
lithologic units, A10:8
photograph, A10:27
climate models
straw man model, A3:1–30
See also Community Climate Model; global coupled climate models; greenhouse warming; ocean–atmosphere climate models
Climate System Model, lower Paleogene, A3:3
Clipperton Fracture Zone, seismic reflections, A4:4–7
coarse fraction, vs. depth, B8:9
cobalt
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
vs. depth, B15:5; B16:6
vs. manganese in bulk sediments, B14:16
coccodiscids, percentage in Zone RP15, B24:19
color bands, lithologic units, A10:7
color change, core photograph, A12:51
color reflectance. See reflectance
Community Climate Model, lower Paleogene, A3:3
compaction, lithologic units, A12:12
composite depths
magnetic reversals, A10:50; A11:101; A13:75
Site 1215, A8:12–13, 47
Site 1216, A9:8–9
Site 1217, A10:13–14, 52
Site 1218, A11:21–23, 103; B2:29–31
Site 1219, A12:22–24, 108; B2:32
Site 1220, A13:19–20, 77
Site 1221, A14:16, 54
Site 1222, A15:10
stratigraphy, B2:1–41
composite depths, core, correction, B12:1–21
compressional wave velocity
lithologic units, A8:12–13, 19; A9:13, 46; A10:20, 63; A11:22, 29–30, 121–122; A12:30–31, 124–125; A13:26–27, 90; A14:22, 64; A15:15, 55
sediments, B13:1–31
vs. carbonate content, B13:20
vs. depth, A8:31, 33, 40; A9:23, 31; A10:33–35, 44; A11:70; A12:73, 76; A13:61; A14:46; A15:34, 36
vs. wet bulk density, A11:71; A12:77; A13:62; B13:18
compressional wave velocity, corrected, vs. impedance, B13:27
compressional wave velocity, horizontal
vs. depth, B13:16
vs. P-wave logger at equivalent depth, B13:17
compressional wave velocity, logger, vs. horizontal compressional wave velocity, B13:17
compressional wave velocity, rebound-corrected, composite depth, B13:25
copper
ferromanganese micronodules, B14:4–6
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
vs. depth, B15:5; B16:6
copper/manganese ratio, bulk sediments, B14:4, 15
core disturbance
Site 1215, A8:48
Site 1216, A9:37
Site 1217, A10:51
Site 1218, A11:102
Site 1219, A12:23, 107
Site 1220, A13:76
Site 1221, A14:53
Site 1222, A15:45
core images, composite offset, A8:32
Coriolis force, paleoproductivity, B1:10
correlation
core vs. wireline logging data, B2:8
site-to-site correlation, B2:6
stratigraphy, B2:1–41
cyclostratigraphy, Paleogene, B1:8

D

deep resistivity logs, vs. depth, A11:81–83; A12:86
demagnetization, alternating-field
discrete samples, A8:11, 29; A10:13; A11:20–21; A12:21–22
sediments, A10:31
demagnetization, lithologic units, A14:15
density
boreholes, B13:6–7
in situ properties, B13:7–9
lithologic units, A8:12–13, 18, 56; A10:14, 19; A11:27–29, 116–117; A12:22–23, 28–29, 119–120; A13:24–25, 87; A14:16, 20–21, 62; A15:10, 13–14, 53
sedimentation rates, A11:24
sediments, A9:12, 44; A10:61; B13:1–31
vs. depth, A10:37; B12:11–12
density, bulk, vs. depth, B24:15
density, corrected gamma-ray attenuation, vs. wet bulk density, B13:14
density, dry bulk
lithologic units, A8:52; A9:40; A10:56
vs. depth, A8:38
vs. interpolated gamma-ray attenuation bulk density, A9:29; A10:42; A11:68; A12:74; A13:59; A14:44; A15:33
density, gamma-ray attenuation bulk
correlation of Sites 1218–1219, B2:26, 28
middle/upper Eocene boundary, A1:61
vs. age, A1:76
vs. depth, A8:31, 33; A9:23–24; A10:33–35; A11:56, 59, 62; A12:61, 64–66, 73; A13:45, 47–48, 50, 57; A14:34, 36, 43; A15:25–26, 28, 34; B2:5, 13–25, 33–34; B13:21
vs. dry bulk density, A9:29; A10:42; A11:68; A12:74; A13:59; A14:44; A15:33
vs. logging density, B12:13
vs. logging Hostile Environment Litho-Density Tool density, B13:22
vs. wet bulk density, A9:29; A10:42; A11:68; A12:74; A13:59; A14:44; A15:33
density, grain, vs. depth, A8:37; A9:28; A10:41; A11:67; A12:72; A13:57; A14:42; A15:32
density, logging
vs. depth, B12:16–17
vs. depth offset, B12:16–17
vs. gamma-ray attenuation bulk density, B12:13
density, logging Hostile Environment Litho-Density Tool, vs. gamma-ray attenuation bulk density, B13:22
density, rebound, vs. pressure, B13:23
density, rebound-corrected wet bulk, composite depth, B13:24
density, wet bulk
vs. carbonate content, B13:19
vs. compressional wave velocity, A11:71; A12:77; A13:62; B13:18
vs. corrected gamma-ray attenuation density, B13:14
vs. depth, A8:37–38; A9:28; A10:41; A11:67; A12:72; A13:57; A14:42; A15:32; B13:13
vs. impedance, B13:26
vs. interpolated gamma-ray attenuation bulk density, A9:29; A10:42; A11:68; A12:74; A13:59; A14:44; A15:33
vs. porosity, B13:15
density logs
vs. depth, A11:81–83, 86; A12:86, 89, 92
See also lithodensity logs
depth offsets
vs. depth, A11:60
vs. logging density, B12:16–17
diagenesis
benthic foraminifers, A12:19
micronodules, B22:8
organic carbon, A1:14–15
seismic reflections, A4:4–6
diatom datums, stratigraphic constraints and paleomagnetic chrons, B6:22
diatom maximum event, Zone RP15, B24:7–8
diatom/radiolarian ratio, cores, B24:17
diatoms
biostratigraphy, B6:1–25
events, B24:14
events vs. age, A1:80
lithologic units, A11:8; A12:10–12; A13:7–8
lithology, A1:60
Paleogene biostratigraphy, B1:7
ranges, B6:15
sedimentology, B24:1–19
vs. depth, B24:15
vs. nassellarian/spumellarian ratio, B24:18
zonation, B6:3–6
dissolution
burial at Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B23:4
calcium carbonate, B23:9
carbonates, B18:3–4
microfossils, A8:8
dolomite
lithologic units, A10:8; A11:9–10; A13:9
photograph, A10:27
photomicrograph, A13:36
dolomite crystals
lithologic units, A11:10
photograph, A13:40
dolomite rhombs, photograph, A10:27
downhole measurements
Site 1218, A11:32–37
Site 1219, A12:33–39
Drake Passage, ocean basins, B1:3
dysprosium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3

E

ebridians, biostratigraphy, B10:1–9
eccentricity
cyclostratigraphy, B1:8
Oligocene, B1:11
eccentricity–obliquity node conditions, Eocene/Oligocene boundary, B1:13
Ekman divergence, paleoproductivity, B1:9
Ekman layer
climate models, A3:5, 18–19
mixed layer, A3:16
El Niņo Southern Oscillation, lower Paleogene, A3:4
Eocene
Abyssamina quadrata, A8:26
benthic foraminifers, A12:19; A13:15–16; B7:1–34
biogenic sedimentation, B21:1–35
biostratigraphy, B1:7–8
carbonate compensation depth, B21:1–35
lithologic units, A8:5–6; A9:5–6; A10:6–8; A15:5–6
magnetostratigraphy synthesis, A1:73
nannofossil biostratigraphy, A11:14
organic biomarkers, B25:1–11
organic carbon and barium, B20:1–33
paleoclimatology, B1:14–18; B20:19–20
paleopositions, B21:4–5
radiolarian bioevents, B3:15
radiolarian biostratigraphy, A15:9
radiolarian ooze, A1:22–24; A6:1–21
sedimentation rates, B20:13–17
sediments, A1:39; A12:5
silicoflagellates, B9:1–29
See also Paleocene/Eocene boundary; Paleocene/Eocene boundary Benthic Extinction Event; Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum; Paleocene–Eocene transition
Eocene, lower
biostratigraphy, A10:9–10
clay–calcareous ooze cycles, A1:29; A8:2–3
foraminiferal biostratigraphy, A8:8
lithologic units, A10:7–8; A12:11; A15:6
nannofossil biostratigraphy, A14:10–11
nannofossil ooze/chalk, A1:11–12
paleoclimatology, A1:55; B1:15
radiolarians, B4:1–13
Eocene, lower–lower middle, chert, clay, and radiolarian ooze, A1:11
Eocene, lower–middle interval
chert and dolomitized nannofossil chalk, A1:32–33
magnetostratigraphy, A13:44
Eocene, lower–middle transition, chert, B1:15
Eocene, lower–upper middle, magnetostratigraphy, A13:43
Eocene, lower/middle boundary, foraminiferal biostratigraphy, A9:6
Eocene, lower/middle hiatus, radiolarian bioevents, B3:17
Eocene, middle
basal sediments, A1:35–36; A11:5
foraminiferal biostratigraphy, A9:6; A11:14–18
lithologic units, A10:7–8; A11:8–10; A12:11
magnetostratigraphy, A12:60
missing section, A1:30; A9:3
paleoequator position, A1:64
radiolarian ooze, A1:32; A10:4
sedimentology, B24:1–19
seismic reflections, A4:6
Eocene, middle–upper
lithologic units, A12:9–11; A14:6–7
radiolarian ooze, A1:10–11
radiolarite, A1:35; A11:5
sedimentation rates, B1:16
Eocene, middle/upper boundary, gamma-ray attenuation bulk density, A1:61
Eocene, upper
biostratigraphy, A10:11
core photograph, A12:51
impact events, A1:7
lithologic units, A14:7
radiolarians, B5:1–74
sedimentation rates, B1:35
Eocene–Miocene interval
correlation, A1:38
magnetostratigraphy vs. depth, A11:54
Eocene–Oligocene transition
biostratigraphy, A1:35; A11:4
digital photograph, A1:77
nannofossil biostratigraphy, A14:10–12
paleoclimatology, A1:6, 20–22
stratigraphy, A1:38–39; A12:5
Eocene/Oligocene boundary
composite digital images, A1:62
core photograph, A12:51
cyclostratigraphy, B1:8
digital photograph, A1:78–79
foraminiferal biostratigraphy, A11:16; A12:18
greenhouse world–icehouse world transition, B1:12–14
lithologic units, A15:6
magnesium/calcium ratio, B1:12
nannofossil biostratigraphy, A11:13; A14:10
oxygen isotope events, B1:11
paleoclimatology, B1:3
radiolarian biostratigraphy, A11:19; A13:17; A14:13–14
radiolarians, A12:20; B1:7; B5:6–7
sedimentation rates, A12:24
stratigraphic control, A1:87
stratigraphy, A1:41; A13:3
Epistominella exigua, photomicrograph, A12:55
erbium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
erosional lag, lithologic units, A14:6
europium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
europium/europium ratio, bulk sediments, B14:4, 15

F

faults
photograph, A11:46
seismic reflections, A4:5–7
faults, normal, lithologic units, A12:10–12
fine fraction, stable isotopes, B17:3–4, 11–12
fish teeth, lithologic units, A14:7
Fissurina sp., photomicrograph, A11:50
foraminifer datums, sediments, A11:97; A12:103
foraminifers, agglutinated benthic, distribution, A9:36
foraminifers, benthic
biostratigraphy, A8:9–10; A9:6–7; A10:10–11; A11:17–18; A12:18–19; A13:15–16; A14:12–13; A15:8
digital photograph of stratigraphic distribution, A1:83
distribution, A8:46; A10:49; A11:98–99; A12:104–105; A13:72–73
Oligocene/Miocene boundary stable isotopes, B19:1–13
Oligocene biostratigraphy, B8:1–26
Oligocene stable isotope paleoceanography, B17:1–12
Paleocene/Eocene biostratigraphy, B7:1–34
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:25–26; A14:8; B18:1–12
Paleocene/Eocene boundary stable isotopes, B18:3
Paleogene biostratigraphy, B1:7–8
photomicrograph, A11:50
stable isotopes, B21:29
stratigraphic distribution, A13:41
vs. depth, B8:9
foraminifers, events, A8:51; A11:106; A12:111; A13:80; A14:57
foraminifers, planktonic
biostratigraphic datums, A11:97
biostratigraphy, A8:8–9; A10:10; A11:14–17; A12:16–18; A13:13–15; A14:12
distribution, A8:45
lower Eocene distribution, A12:102
middle Miocene distribution, A11:96
Miocene–upper Eocene distribution, A11:92–95
Oligocene and Miocene distribution, A12:98–101
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:25–26
photograph, A13:40
stable isotope Oligocene paleoceanography, B17:1–12
upper Paleocene–lower Eocene distribution, A13:71
vs. depth, B8:9
Formation MicroScanner imagery
correlation of Sites 1218 and 1219, B2:28
vs. depth, A11:78, 82–83; A12:84, 86, 91
freshwater flux, upwelling, A3:15

G

gadolinium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
gamma-ray logs, vs. depth, A11:78–79, 81–84; A12:84, 86, 90
gamma rays
lithologic units, A8:20; A9:8–9, 13; A10:20; A11:31; A12:32; A13:28; A14:22; A15:15–16
vs. depth, A8:42; A9:23–24, 32; A10:33–35, 45; A11:75; A12:81; A13:66; A14:47; A15:34, 38
Gauss Chron, magnetic polarity, A8:11–12
general circulation models, coupled, lower Paleogene, A3:1–30
general circulation models, ocean circulation, B1:28
geochemical cycles, organic carbon, B20:20
geochemical profiles, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:26
geochemistry
bulk marine sediments, A7:1–14
ferromanganese micronodules, B14:1–20
Site 1215, A8:15–18
Site 1216, A9:10–12
Site 1217, A10:16–18
Site 1218, A11:25–27
Site 1219, A12:25–28
Site 1220, A13:21–24
Site 1221, A14:18–20
Site 1222, A15:12–13
geochemistry, high-resolution inorganic, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:1–12
geochemistry, inorganic, hydrothermal sediments, B15:1–11
geochronology, radiolarian biostratigraphy, B3:1–76
glaciation, Eocene/Oligocene boundary, B1:12
glacioeustatic sea-level changes, Eocene/Oligocene boundary, B1:14
glass residue, smear slides, A6:15
global coupled climate models, lower Paleogene, A3:1–30
Globocassidulina subglobosa, vs. depth, B8:10–11
Globoquadrina venezuelana, stable isotopes, B17:9
greenhouse warming
lower Cenozoic, B1:2–3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:5

H

hafnium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
heat flow, sediments, A11:31; A12:32; A13:28
hiatuses
burial at Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B23:5
radiolarian bioevents, B3:17
radiolarian biostratigraphy, A15:8
holmium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
hotspots, paleoproductivity, B1:10

I

icehouse effect, upper Cenozoic, B1:2–3
illite
light absorption spectroscopy, A5:5–6; A8:19; A9:13, 45; A10:19, 62; A11:29, 118–120; A12:30, 121–123; A13:26, 88–89; A14:21–22, 63; A15:14, 54
light absorption spectroscopy vs. ground-truth mineralogy, A5:18
reflectance spectra, B11:9
reflectance vs. wavelength, A5:13
visible and near-infrared spectroscopy, B11:18
vs. depth, A1:58; A8:39; A9:30; A10:43; A11:69; A12:75; A13:60; A14:45; A15:35; B24:15
See also smectite–illite transition
impact events, upper Eocene, A1:7
impedance
vs. corrected compressional wave velocity, B13:27
vs. wet bulk density, B13:26
inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectroscopy
analytical data, A7:14
bulk marine sediments, A7:1–14
intercalibration, stratigraphy, A1:17–18
Intertropical Convergence Zone
climate models, A3:4–9
middle Eocene radiolarians, B24:1–19
iridium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
iron
bulk sediments, A8:17; A9:11; A10:17; A11:26; A12:27; A13:22–23; A14:19; B14:15
ferromanganese micronodules, B14:4
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:84; A13:24; A14:20; B16:3
sediments, B14:4
vs. depth, A8:36; A9:27; A10:40; A11:65; A12:70; A13:54, 56; A14:39, 41; B15:5; B16:6
vs. manganese in bulk sediments, B14:16
vs. phosphorus in bulk sediments, B14:16
vs. zinc in bulk sediments, B14:16
See also aluminum/(aluminum + iron + manganese) ratio; manganese/iron ratio
iron/titanium ratio, vs. aluminum/(aluminum + iron + manganese) ratio, B14:18
iron manganese oxides, lithologic units; A13:9; A14:6
iron oxide
calibration by inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectroscopy, A7:10
lithologic units, A10:6; A13:6–10; A15:4–6

J

Jaramillo Subchron, magnetic polarity, A8:11

K

K37:2m, organic biomarkers, B25:7
K37:2m/K38:2 ratio, organic biomarkers, B25:8
K38:2e, organic biomarkers, B25:7
K38:2m, organic biomarkers, B25:7
kaolinite, light absorption spectroscopy, A5:5–6
ketones
organic biomarkers, B25:1–11
recovery, B25:11

L

laminations, folded, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A14:8
laminations, lithologic units, A13:9; A14:7–8; A15:6
Land Surface Model, lower Paleogene, A3:3
lanthanum
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
vs. depth, B15:5; B16:6
lead
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
vs. depth, B15:6; B16:7
light absorption spectroscopy
instrumentation, A5:12
lithologic units, A8:57
mineralogy, A5:1–20
lightness
lithologic units, A12:11
See also reflectance
limestone porosity logs, correlation of Sites 1218 and 1219, B2:28
lithium
pore water, A8:16; A9:10; A10:16; A12:26; A14:18
vs. depth, A1:66; A8:35; A9:26; A10:39; A11:64; A12:69; A13:53; A14:38; A15:30
lithodensity logs, correlation of Sites 1218 and 1219, B2:28
lithologic units
light absorption spectroscopy, A8:57
photograph, A12:46–49
Site 1215, A8:5–6
Site 1216, A9:5–6
Site 1217, A10:6–8
Site 1218, A11:7–10
Site 1219, A12:8–13
Site 1220, A13:6–10
Site 1221, A14:6–9
Site 1222, A15:4–7
Unit I, A8:5; A9:5–6; A10:6; A11:7; A12:8; A13:6; A14:6; A15:4–5
Unit II, A8:5–6; A10:7–8; A11:7–8; A12:8–9; A13:6–7; A14:6; A15:5
Unit III, A8:6; A10:8; A11:8–9; A12:9–11; A13:7; A14:6–7; A15:5
Unit IV, A8:6; A10:8; A11:9–10; A12:11; A13:7–8; A14:7–8; A15:6
Unit V, A11:10; A12:11; A13:8–9; A14:9; A15:6
Unit VI, A13:9
vs. age, A12:52
vs. depth, A12:52
lithology
diatoms, A1:60
Paleogene, A1:9
summary, A1:57; A8:24; A9:18; A10:24; A11:42–43; A12:44–45; A13:34–35; A14:27; A15:20; B1:29; B14:10
lithostratigraphy
Site 1215, A8:4–6
Site 1216, A9:4–6
Site 1217, A10:6–8
Site 1218, A11:7–10
Site 1219, A12:7–13
Site 1220, A13:6–10
Site 1221, A14:5–9
Site 1222, A15:4–7
logging Unit 1, lithologic units, A11:34; A12:36
logging Unit 2, lithologic units, A11:34–35; A12:36–37
logging Unit 3, lithologic units, A11:35; A12:37
lutetium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3

M

magnesium
bulk sediments, A8:17; A9:11; A10:18; A11:26–27; A14:19
ferromanganese micronodules, B14:4
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:84; A13:23; B16:3
pore water, A8:16; A9:10; A10:16–17; A11:26; A12:26; A13:22; A14:18; A15:12
velocity and density, B13:6
vs. depth, A8:35–36; A9:26–27; A10:39–40; A11:64–65; A12:69–70; A13:53–54, 56; A14:38–39, 41; A15:30; B15:5; B16:6
magnesium/calcium ratio
Eocene, B1:17
Eocene/Oligocene boundary, B1:12
Oligocene, B1:11
magnetic declination
magnetic polarity, A8:11–12
orientation, A9:7; A10:12–13; A11:20
vs. depth, A11:53
magnetic declination, uncorrected vs. corrected, sediments, A8:28; A9:21
magnetic fraction
binocular microscopic photograph, B14:11
geochemistry, B14:3–4
scanning electron microscopy, B14:12
magnetic inclination
discrete samples, A12:21–22
orientation, A8:11
vs. depth, A11:53
magnetic intensity
lithologic units, A14:15
vs. depth, A8:27; A9:20; A10:30; A11:51; A12:56; A13:42; A14:32; A15:23
magnetic polarity
correlation of Sites 1218–1219, B2:26
magnetostratigraphy, A8:11–12; A9:7–8; A10:13; A11:21; A12:22; A13:18; A14:15; B2:15–25
magnetic reversals
composite depths, A10:50; A11:101; A13:75
magnetostratigraphy, A1:38, 41; A11:24; A12:4; A13:3
sedimentation rates, A8:14–15; A10:15; A11:24
magnetic susceptibility
correlation of Sites 1218–1219, B2:26
lithologic units, A8:12–13, 20; A9:14; A10:20; A11:22, 31; A12:32–33; A13:19, 28–29; A14:16, 23; A15:10, 16; B2:5, 15–19, 33–34
vs. age, A1:76
vs. depth, A8:31, 33, 42; A9:23–24, 33; A10:33–35, 46; A11:57–59, 76; A12:62, 64–65, 73, 82; A13:46–48, 58, 67; A14:34, 43, 48; A15:25–26, 39; B3:58–59; B24:15
magnetic susceptibility, bulk, discrete samples, A9:7
magnetostratigraphy
correlation of Sites 1218–1219, B2:26, 36–38
integration, B2:6–7
magnetic polarity, A8:11–12; A9:7–8; A10:13; A11:21; A12:22; A13:18; A14:15; B2:15–25
magnetic reversals, A11:24
Paleogene, B1:6
radiolarian biostratigraphy, B3:1–76
sedimentation rates, A10:15
synthesis, A1:73
vs. age, A1:76
vs. depth, A8:30; A9:22; A10:32; A11:53–55; A12:58–60; A13:43–44; A14:33; A15:24
manganese
bulk sediments, A8:17; A9:11; A10:17–18; A11:26; A12:27; A13:22–23; A14:19; B14:15; B22:23
ferromanganese micronodules, B14:4
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:85; B1:18; B16:3
pore water, A8:16; A9:10; A10:16; A11:25; A12:26; A13:22; A14:18; A15:12
productivity, B22:10–11
sediments, B14:4
vs. aluminum in bulk sediments, B14:16
vs. barium in bulk sediments, B14:16
vs. cerium in bulk sediments, B14:16
vs. cobalt in bulk sediments, B14:16
vs. depth, A8:35–36; A9:26–27; A10:39–40; A11:64–65; A12:69–70; A13:54, 36; A14:38–39, 41; A15:30; B15:5; B16:6; B22:18
vs. iron in bulk sediments, B14:16
vs. neodymium in bulk sediments, B14:16
vs. phosphorus in bulk sediments, B14:16
vs. zinc in bulk sediments, B14:16
See also aluminum/(aluminum + iron + manganese) ratio; copper/manganese ratio; iron manganese oxides; nickel/manganese ratio
manganese, shipboard, sediments, B22:22
manganese/aluminum ratio, bulk sediments, B14:4, 15
manganese/iron ratio
bulk sediments, B14:4, 15
ferromanganese micronodules, B14:4
manganese oxides, lithologic units, A11:8
mass accumulation rates
diatoms, B24:9
Eocene, B20:13–17
Eocene organic carbon, B20:11–12
latitudinal transects, A1:15–17
lithologic units, A8:52; A9:40; A10:15–16, 56; A13:21; A14:17–18
porosity, A15:11
Site 1215, A8:13–15
Site 1216, A9:9
Site 1217, A10:14–16
Site 1218, A11:23–25
Site 1219, A12:24–25
Site 1220, A13:20–21
Site 1221, A14:17–18
Site 1222, A15:11–12
vs. age, A11:63; A13:52; A14:37; A15:29
See also sedimentation rates
mass accumulation rates, aluminum, vs. age, A1:69
mass accumulation rates, Bio-barium, vs. paleolatitude, B20:29
mass accumulation rates, biogenic component
Eocene sediments, B21:8–16
paleoproductivity, B1:9–10
vs. age, B20:28
mass accumulation rates, biogenic silica, vs. age, B21:24
mass accumulation rates, bulk
vs. age, A12:68
vs. productivity, B1:33
mass accumulation rates, calcium
vs. age, A1:67; A7:13
vs. paleolatitude, A1:72
mass accumulation rates, calcium carbonate
vs. age, B21:24–25, 29
vs. rain-preserved calcium carbonate, B21:26
mass accumulation rates, organic carbon, vs. age, B21:24
mass accumulation rates, phosphorus, vs. age, A1:69
mass accumulation rates, silica, middle Eocene, B24:6
mass accumulation rates, silicon
vs. age, A1:67; A7:13
vs. paleolatitude, A1:71
mass accumulation rates, titanium, vs. age, A7:13
metabolism, remineralization, B20:17–19
metals, sediments, B14:5
micronodules, diagenesis, B22:8
micronodules, ferromanganese
chemical composition, B14:1–20
maximum size, B14:11
origin, B14:5
scanning electron microscopy, B14:13
Milankovitch cycles
lower Eocene ooze, A8:6
Oligocene stable isotope stratigraphy, B17:4
mineral standards, light absorption spectroscopy, A5:4–5
mineralogy, ground-truth, compared with visible and near-infrared spectroscopy, B11:10
mineralogy, high-resolution, reflectance spectroscopy and physical properties, B11:1–23
mineralogy, light absorption spectroscopy, A5:1–20
mineralogy, light absorption spectroscopy vs. ground-truth mineralogy, A5:19
Miocene
benthic foraminifers, A12:19
foraminiferal biostratigraphy, A12:16
lithologic units, A8:5; A9:5–6; A10:6–7; A11:7–8; A12:8–9; A15:4
magnetostratigraphy, A12:59
magnetostratigraphy synthesis, A1:73
nannofossil biostratigraphy, A11:11–12; A12:13–14
radiolarian bioevents, B3:15
radiolarian ooze, A6:1–21
radiolarians, A12:19–20
sedimentation rates, A12:24
silicoflagellates, B9:1–29
zeolitic clay, A15:6
See also Eocene–Miocene interval; Oligocene/Miocene boundary; Oligocene–Miocene transition
Miocene, lower
diatom biostratigraphy, B6:1–25
foraminiferal biostratigraphy, A11:14–18; A12:16–17
lithologic units, A13:6
nannofossil biostratigraphy, A13:11
nannofossil ooze/chalk, A1:10
radiolarian biostratigraphy, A13:16
radiolarians, B1:7
See also Oligocene–lower Miocene interval
Miocene, middle, radiolarian biostratigraphy, A11:18–19
Miocene, upper, radiolarian biostratigraphy, A11:18–19
molybdenum
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
vs. depth, B15:5; B16:6
montmorillonite, reflectance vs. wavelength, A5:13
mottling, lithologic units, A10:6; A11:9; A12:8–11; A13:6–10; A14:6–8; A15:4–6

N

nannofossil datums
biostratigraphy, A14:51
sedimentation rates, A10:14–15
Site 1215, A8:44
vs. depth, A11:91; A12:97; A13:70
nannofossils
events, A8:51; A10:55; A11:106; A12:111; A13:80; A14:57; A15:49
lithologic units, A13:9
lower Miocene–upper Oligocene events, A11:12–13
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:25–26
sedimentation rates, A12:24
nannofossils, calcareous
biostratigraphy, A8:7–8; A10:9–10; A11:11–14; A12:13–16; A13:10–13; A14:10–12; A15:7–8; B2:39–40
distribution, A11:49
Paleogene biostratigraphy, B1:7–8
nassellarian/spumellarian ratio
cores, B24:17
vs. diatoms, B24:18
Zone RP15, B24:7–8
nassellarians
vs. depth, B24:15
Zone RP15, B24:7–8
neodymium
bulk sediments, B14:4
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
vs. manganese in bulk sediments, B14:16
vs. phosphorus in bulk sediments, B14:16
Neogene
lithologic units, A14:6; A15:4
radiolarian bioevents, B3:13–17
seismic horizons, A4:19
nickel
ferromanganese micronodules, B14:4–6
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
vs. depth, B15:6; B16:6
nickel/manganese ratio, bulk sediments, B14:4, 15
niobium
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
vs. depth, B15:5; B16:6
nodules, chert, lithologic units, A10:6; A11:8
nodules, manganese
lithologic units, A10:6; A11:7
photograph, A11:44
normative opal analysis technique, comparison with sodium carbonate treatment of radiolarian ooze, A6:6–8
North Equatorial Counter Current, radiolarian bioevents, B3:17
North Equatorial Current, radiolarian bioevents, B3:17
nutrients
productivity, B22:9
recycling, B20:1–33
Nuttallides umbonifer
Oligocene, B8:3–4
vs. depth, B8:10–12

O

obliquity, carbon cycle, B1:12
ocean-atmosphere climate models, lower Paleogene, A3:1–30
ocean basins, Paleogene, B1:3–4
ocean circulation
climate models, A3:5–9
general circulation models, B1:28
models, A1:4
Paleogene, B1:4
ocean currents, climate models, A3:5–9
Olduvai Subchron, magnetic polarity, A8:11–12
Oligocene
benthic foraminifer biostratigraphy, B8:1–26
benthic foraminifers, A12:19
biostratigraphy, B1:7–8
diatom biostratigraphy, B6:1–25
foraminiferal biostratigraphy, A11:14–18
lithologic units, A8:5; A9:5–6; A10:6–7; A11:8; A12:8–9; A13:6–7; A15:4–5
magnetostratigraphy, A10:13; A11:21
magnetostratigraphy synthesis, A1:73
nannofossil biostratigraphy, A11:13; A12:14–16; A13:11
nannofossil ooze/chalk, A1:10
Nuttallides umbonifer, B8:3–4
organic biomarkers, B25:1–11
paleoceanography, A1:7, 19–20; B17:1–12
paleoclimatology, B1:10–12
radiolarian bioevents, B3:15
radiolarian biostratigraphy, A13:16–17
sedimentation rates, A12:24
seismic reflections, A4:5
silicoflagellates, B9:1–29
See also Eocene/Oligocene boundary; Eocene–Oligocene transition
Oligocene, lower
benthic foraminifers, A14:12
core photograph, A12:51
lithologic units, A14:6
magnetostratigraphy, A12:59–60
nannofossil biostratigraphy, A14:10–12
nannofossil ooze, A1:32; A10:3–4
radiolarians, B5:1–74
Oligocene, upper
foraminiferal biostratigraphy, A12:17
paleoequator position, A1:64
radiolarians, B1:7; B4:1–13
Oligocene–lower Miocene interval, magnetostratigraphy vs. depth, A11:55
Oligocene–Miocene transition
biostratigraphy, A1:34, 38; A11:4; A12:4–5
digital photograph, A1:75
Oligocene/Miocene boundary
benthic foraminifers, B8:3
foraminiferal biostratigraphy, A12:17
high-resolution benthic foraminiferal stratigraphy, B19:1–13
lithologic units, A12:12
nannofossil biostratigraphy, A11:12–13; A12:14
oxygen isotope events, B1:11
paleoclimatology, A1:18–19
radiolarians, A12:19–20
stable isotopes, B19:1–13
ooze, calcareous, lower Eocene, A1:29
ooze, clayey nannofossil, lithologic units, A8:5–6
ooze, clayey radiolarian, lithologic units, A10:7; A13:7
ooze, clayey radiolarian nannofossil, lithologic units, A11:8
ooze, diatom, lithologic units, A12:10; A14:6; A15:4–5
ooze, foraminifer-nannofossil, preservation, B18:3–4
ooze, laminated diatom, photography, A15:21
ooze, metalliferous oxide, lithologic units, A8:6
ooze, nannofossil
hydraulic rebound, B12:3
lithologic units, A10:6; A11:7–8; A12:8–9; A13:6–10; A14:6; A15:5
lower Eocene–upper Paleocene, A1:11–12
lower Oligocene, A1:32; A10:3–4
mechanical/porosity rebound, B12:3–5
Oligocene–lower Miocene, A1:10
reflectance spectra, B11:9
ooze, nannofossil diatom, lithologic units, A13:7
ooze, nannofossil radiolarian, lithologic units, A13:6–8
ooze, radiolarian
Eocene, A1:22–24
lithologic units, A10:7; A12:8–11; A13:6; A14:6–7
lower–lower middle Eocene, A1:11
middle Eocene, A1:32; A10:4
middle–upper Eocene, A1:10–11
missing section, A1:30; A9:3
Paleogene, A1:9–10
rebound, B12:5
reflectance spectra, B11:9
reflectance vs. wavelength, A5:17
ooze, seismic reflections, A4:4–5
opal
burial at Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B23:2–5
light absorption spectroscopy, A5:5; A10:19, 62; A11:29, 118–120; A12:30, 121–123; A13:26, 88–89; A14:21–22, 63; A15:14, 54
light absorption spectroscopy vs. chemical analysis, A5:14
light absorption spectroscopy vs. ground-truth mineralogy, A5:18
reflectance vs. wavelength, A5:13
sediments, B23:10–12
visible and near-infrared spectroscopy, B11:11–17
vs. depth, A10:43; A11:69; A12:75; A13:60; A14:45; A15:35; B23:8–9; B24:15
opal, biogenic
pelagic marine sediments, A6:1–21
sediments, B21:30–31
opal/silica ratio
light absorption spectroscopy, A9:13, 45
vs. depth, A9:30
opal-A, radiolarian ooze reflectance vs. wavelength, A5:17
opal-A/opal-CT transition, light absorption spectroscopy, A5:6–7
opal-CT, radiolarian ooze reflectance vs. wavelength, A5:17
orbital insolation, cyclostratigraphy, B1:8
organic biomarkers, Eocene–Oligocene interval, B25:1–11
organic matter
degradation, A14:18
organic biomarkers, B25:1–11
Oridorsalis umbonatus
photomicrograph, A11:50
vs. depth, B8:10, 11
osmium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
oxygen, pore water, B20:13–14
oxygen isotope event Oi-1, paleoclimatology, B1:2–3
oxygen isotopes
benthic foraminiferal timescale, B18:10
benthic foraminifers, B21:29
carbonate compensation depth, B21:12–13
Eocene/Oligocene boundary, B1:13
fine fraction, B17:8
Oligocene, B1:11
Oligocene/Miocene boundary, B19:1–13
Oligocene paleoceanography, B17:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B18:1–12
sediments, B21:31
vs. age, B21:28
vs. depth, B17:6; B18:8–9
oxygen isotopes, benthic, vs. age, A1:56
oxygenation
sediments, B22:8
See also redox

P

Pacific Ocean N equatorial
early Cenozoic evolution, B1:1–39
Eocene biogenic sedimentation, B21:1–35
Eocene organic carbon and barium, B20:1–33
hole summary, A1:86
mineralogy, A5:1–20
paleoclimatology, A3:1–30
Paleogene Equatorial Transect, A1:1–87
Paleogene seismic stratigraphy, A4:1–21
Pacific plate, Paleogene Equatorial Transect, A1:1–87
paleoceanography
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A1:20–22
lower Paleogene, A1:4–5
Oligocene, A1:7, 19–20; B17:1–12
organic biomarkers, B25:1–11
paleoclimatology, B1:2–3
Paleogene, B1:1–39
radiolarians, B24:8–10
Paleocene
Abyssamina quadrata, A8:26
benthic foraminifers, B7:1–34
foraminiferal biostratigraphy, A8:9–10
lithologic units, A13:8–9
Paleocene, upper
lithologic units, A8:5–6; A10:8; A14:7–9
nannofossil biostratigraphy, A8:7; A14:11–12
nannofossil ooze/chalk, A1:11–12
Paleocene/Eocene boundary
benthic foraminifers, A13:16, 41; B7:4
biogenic burial, B23:1–12
biostratigraphy, A10:9–10; B1:7–8, 18–19
bulk geochemistry, A13:23–24
composite photograph, A13:36–37, 40; B1:37
digital photograph, A1:81–82
digital photograph of geochemistry, A1:84
foraminiferal biostratigraphy, A12:18; A14:13
geochemical profiles, A1:26
geochemistry, A14:19–20
high-resolution inorganic geochemistry, B16:1–12
lithologic units, A8:5–6; A13:8–9; A14:8
lithology, A1:29; A8:3
nannofossil biostratigraphy, A13:12; A14:11
paleoclimatology, A1:5
phosphorus and barite geochemistry, B22:1–23
photograph, A14:28–29
stable isotopes, B18:1–12
stratigraphy, A1:24–26, 41–44; A13:3–4; A14:3–4
Paleocene/Eocene boundary Benthic Extinction Event
benthic foraminiferal stratigraphy, B6:10
nannofossil biostratigraphy, A13:12; A14:11
Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, sediments, B22:11
Paleocene–Eocene transition, nannofossil biostratigraphy, A14:10–11
paleoclimatology
Cenozoic, B1:2–3
Eocene, B20:19–20
light absorption spectroscopy, A5:1–20
lower Eocene, A1:55
lower Paleogene, A1:3–4; A3:1–30
middle Eocene, B24:8–10
Oligocene, B1:10–12
Oligocene/Miocene boundary, A1:18–19
Oligocene stable isotope stratigraphy, B17:4
paleodepth
correlation of Sites 1218 and 1219, B2:27, 35, 41
foraminiferal biostratigraphy, A9:6–7
vs. age, A1:63
vs. geologic age, B1:36
paleoecology, radiolarians, B24:8–10
paleoequator
middle Eocene and upper Oligocene position, A1:64
radiolarian bioevents, B3:17
paleoequator, paleoproductivity, B1:9–10
Paleogene
biostratigraphy, B1:6–8
carbonate compensation depth, A1:12–13
cyclostratigraphy, B1:8
ebridians, B10:1–9
lithology, A1:9
ocean basins, B1:3–4
paleoceanography, B1:1–39
radiolarian bioevents, B3:13–17
sediment velocity and density, B13:1–31
seismic horizons, A4:19
seismic stratigraphy, A4:1–21; B1:8–9
silicoflagellates, B9:1–29
stratigraphy, B1:5–9
Paleogene, lower, paleoclimatology, A1:3–4; A3:1–30
Paleogene Equatorial Transect
operation, A1:26–28
summary, A1:1–87
paleolatitude
demagnetization, A11:20–21
Eocene, A1:23
paleomagnetism, A1:65
vs. age, A1:65, 76
vs. Bio-barium mass accumulation rates, B20:29
vs. calcium mass accumulation rates, A1:72
vs. silicon mass accumulation rates, A1:71
paleolatitude vs. age, smectite–illite transition, A1:59
paleomagnetism
comparison with shipboard virtual geomagnetic pole latitude, B1:31
events, A8:50; A9:38; A10:54; A11:105; A12:110; A13:79; A14:56; A15:48
Site 1215, A8:10–12
Site 1216, A9:7–8
Site 1217, A10:12–13
Site 1218, A11:19–21
Site 1219, A12:21–22
Site 1220, A13:18
Site 1221, A14:15
Site 1222, A15:9–10
paleopositions
Eocene, B21:4–5
paleoclimatology, A1:55
paleoproductivity
carbon burial, B1:17–18
Paleogene, A1:14–17
plate movement, B1:9–10
See also productivity
palladium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
pebbles
lithologic units, A8:6; A10:7
photograph, A10:26
pH, pore water, A8:15; A9:10; A10:16; A11:25; A12:25; A13:21; A14:18
phosphate, pore water, A8:16
phosphorus
bulk sediments, A8:17; A9:11; A10:18; A11:27; A12:27; A13:23
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:85; A13:24; A14:20; B16:3; B22:1–23
vs. age, A1:69
vs. calcium in bulk sediments, B14:16
vs. depth, A8:36; A9:27; A10:40; A11:65; A12:70; A13:54, 56; A14:39, 41; B15:6; B16:7; B22:16
vs. iron in bulk sediments, B14:16
vs. manganese in bulk sediments, B14:16
vs. neodymium in bulk sediments, B14:16
See also barium/phosphorus ratio
phosphorus, calcium carbonate-free detrital, vs. depth, B22:19
phosphorus, calcium carbonate-free reactive, vs. depth, B22:19
phosphorus, detrital, vs. depth, B22:18, 23
phosphorus, reactive, vs. depth, B22:18, 23
phosphorus, shipboard, sediments, B22:22
photoelectric effect logs, vs. depth, A12:90
physical properties
correlation, A1:38; A12:4
high-resolution mineralogy, B11:1–23
Site 1215, A8:18–20
Site 1216, A9:12–14
Site 1217, A10:18–20
Site 1218, A11:27–31
Site 1219, A12:28–33
Site 1220, A13:24–29
Site 1221, A14:20–23
Site 1222, A15:13–16
physical properties, continuous-core, conversion into mineralogy logs, B11:5–6
physical properties, core, correction, B12:1–21
plagioclase, lithologic units, A10:7–8
plate movement, paleoproductivity, B1:9–10
plate tectonics, biogenic sedimentation, A1:2–3
platinum
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
vs. depth, B16:7
Pleistocene, magnetostratigraphy, A11:21
Pliocene, lithologic units, A8:5; A9:5–6; A10:6–7; A11:7; A12:8; A15:4
porcellanite, lithologic units, A12:12
pore water
diagenesis, A1:14–15
geochemistry, A1:66; A8:15–16, 53; A9:10–11, 41; A10:16–17, 57; A11:25–26, 110; A12:25–26, 115; A13:21–22, 83; A14:59; A15:51
porosity
lithologic units, A8:18; A9:12; A10:19; A11:27–29; A12:28–30; A13:24–25; A14:20–21; A15:13–14
logging units, A12:38
sedimentation rates, A15:11
vs. depth, A8:37; A9:28; A10:41; A11:67; A12:72; A13:57; A14:42; A15:32
vs. thermal conductivity, A11:73; A12:79; A13:64
vs. wet bulk density, B13:15
porosity logs
correlation of Sites 1218 and 1219, B2:28
vs. depth, A11:81–83; A12:86, 92
See also limestone porosity logs
potassium
ferromanganese micronodules, B14:4
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
pore water, A8:16; A10:17; A11:26; A13:22; A14:18; A15:12
vs. depth, A1:66; A8:35; A9:26; A10:39; A11:64; A12:69; A13:53; A14:38; A15:30; B15:5; B16:6
potassium hydroxide, radiolarian ooze treatment, A6:1–21
potassium logs, vs. depth, A11:79; A12:90
praseodymium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
preservation
Abyssamina quadrata, A8:26
carbonates, B18:3–4
radiolarians, B24:5
pressure, vs. density rebound, B13:23
productivity
burial at Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B23:5
chlorophyll, A1:53
Eocene, B20:13–17
nutrients, B22:9
Paleogene Equatorial Transect, A1:2
reconciliation of differing signals, B22:10–11
vs. bulk mass accumulation rates, B1:33
See also paleoproductivity
promethium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
Pseudoparrella exigua, vs. depth, B8:10, 11
pumice fragments, lithologic units, A11:8
pumice pebbles
lithologic units, A10:7
photograph, A10:26
pyroxene, lithologic units, A10:8

Q

Quaternary
lithologic units, A8:5; A9:5–6; A10:6–7; A11:7; A12:8; A15:4
radiolarian biostratigraphy, A15:8

R

radiolarian datums
average age, B3:70
correlation, B3:60–63
distribution, A11:100; A12:106
radiolarian zonal boundaries, age, A14:31; A15:41–43, 44
radiolarian zones, published age, A1:74; B1:32
radiolarians
biogenic sedimentology, B24:1–19
biostratigraphic zones, A9:19; A10:29; B5:53
biostratigraphy, A10:11–12; A11:18–19; A12:19–20; A13:16–18; A14:13–14; A15:8–9; B3:1–76; B5:52
distribution, A9:35
Eocene, A1:22–24
event chronological list, B3:69
events, A9:39; A10:55; A11:106; A12:111; A13:80; A14:57; A15:49; B3:13–17; B5:6–7, 54–57
first and last occurrences, A13:74
lithologic units, A10:7; A11:7; A12:8–11; A13:6–10; A14:6–8; A15:5
lower Oligocene/upper Eocene, B5:1–74
Paleogene biostratigraphy, B1:6–7
range chart, B3:64–68
relative abundance, B4:12–13
sedimentation rates, A12:24
upper Oligocene/lower Miocene, B4:1–13
vs. depth, B24:15
zonal boundaries, A14:52
Zone RP15, B24:7
See also actinommids; artostrobids; diatom/radiolarian ratio; nassellarian/spumellarian ratio; nassellarians; spumellarians; theoperids
radiolarite
lithologic units, A11:8–9; A12:11
middle–upper Eocene, A1:35; A11:5
sedimentology, B24:1–19
rare earths
ferromanganese micronodules, B14:4
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3, 11
North American shale composite-normalized abundance in ferromanganese micronodules, B14:14, 17
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
post-Archean Australian Shale-normalized patterns, B15:7–8; B16:8
sediments, B14:5
reagent volume, vs. silica, A6:13
rebound, hydraulic, nannofossil ooze, B12:3
rebound, mechanical/porosity, nannofossil ooze, B12:3–5
rebound coefficients
composite depths, B12:1–21
vs. void ratio, B12:15
recycling, nutrients, B20:1–33
red/blue spectral ratio
lithologic units, A12:12
vs. depth, A12:50
redox, burial at Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B23:5
reduction. See redox
reflectance
correlation of Sites 1218–1219, B2:26
lithologic units, A8:12–13; A9:8; A10:14; A11:22; A12:12; A13:19; A15:10; B2:5, 15–25, 33–34
vs. age, A1:76
vs. depth, A8:31, 33; A9:23; A10:33–35; A11:59; A12:50, 63–64; A13:47; A14:34; A15:25–26; B24:15
See also lightness
reflectance spectra, calcite, B11:9
remanent magnetization, characteristic
lithologic units, A8:12; A9:7; A10:13; A11:20–21; A12:21–22; A14:15; A15:9–10
stereoplots, A11:52
remanent magnetization, natural, lithologic units, A9:7; A13:18; A14:15; A15:9–10
remineralization, metabolism, B20:17–19
resistivity logs
vs. depth, A11:81–83; A12:86
See also deep resistivity logs; shallow resistivity logs
rhenium
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
vs. depth, B16:7

S

salinity
climate models, A3:5–6, 17–28
pore water, A9:10; A10:16; A11:25; A12:25; A13:21; A14:18; A15:12
samarium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
scandium
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
vs. depth, B15:6; B16:7
sea-level changes, Oligocene, B1:11
sediment bulge, position and thickness, A1:54
sediment flux, Paleogene, A1:14–17
sediment lumps, photograph, A13:40
sedimentation
equatorial position, A1:13–14
Paleogene Equatorial Transect, A1:2
sedimentation, biogenic
cessation, A1:2–3
Eocene, B21:1–35
paleoproductivity, B1:9–10
sedimentation rates
biostratigraphy, A8:14–15; A13:20; A14:17; A15:11
density, A11:24
Eocene, B20:13–17
magnetic reversals, A8:14–15; A11:24
magnetostratigraphy, A10:15
nannofossil datums, A10:14–15
paleopositions, B21:4–5
Site 1215, A8:13–15
Site 1216, A9:9
Site 1217, A10:14–16
Site 1218, A11:23–25
Site 1219, A12:24–25
Site 1220, A13:20–21
Site 1221, A14:17–18
Site 1222, A15:11–12
upper Eocene, B1:35
vs. age, A1:76
See also mass accumulation rates
sedimentation rates, average linear, vs. age, A1:68
sedimentation rates, linear
lithologic units, A8:52; A9:9, 40; A10:56
middle Eocene, B24:6
sedimentology, biogenic, radiolarians, B24:1–19
sediments
barite and phosphorus, B22:1–23
depths, ages and fluxes, A11:107–109; A12:112–114; A13:81–82; A14:58; A15:50
Eocene, A1:39
geochemistry, A1:15
high-resolution mineralogy, B11:1–23
light absorption spectroscopy, A5:5
organic biomarkers, B25:1–11
organic carbon and barium, B20:1–33
oxygenation, B22:8
velocity and density, B13:1–31
sediments, basal, middle Eocene, A1:35–36; A11:5
sediments, biogenic, age vs. latitude, A4:10
sediments, bulk, geochemistry, A8:54; A9:42; A10:17–18, 58–59; A11:26–27, 111–113; A12:116–117; A13:22–23, 84–85; A14:60
sediments, bulk marine, inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectroscopy, A7:1–14
sediments, diatomaceous, sedimentology, B24:1–19
sediments, hydrothermal, inorganic geochemistry, B15:1–11
sediments, pelagic marine, biogenic opal, A6:1–21
Seismic Horizon P2, seismic reflections, A4:6
Seismic Horizon P3, seismic reflections, A4:6
Seismic Horizon P4, seismic reflections, A4:5–6
Seismic Horizon P5, seismic reflections, A4:5
Seismic Horizon Yellow, seismic reflections, A4:4–5
seismic horizons
Paleogene–Neogene, A4:19
seismic character, A4:20
Site 1217, A4:17
Site 1219, A4:12
Site 1220, A4:13
Site 1221, A4:15
Site 1222, A4:18
Site PAT-13, A4:14
Site PAT-21, A4:16
Site PAT-23, A4:11
seismic profiles
Site 1215, A8:23
Site 1216, A9:17
Site 1217, A10:23
Site 1218, A11:41
Site 1219, A12:43
Site 1220, A13:33
Site 1221, A14:26
Site 1222, A15:19
seismic reflections, stratigraphy, A4:4–7
seismic Reflector Ac, radiolarian bioevents, B3:17
seismic stratigraphy, Paleogene, A4:1–21; B1:8–9
seismograms, synthetic
compressional wave velocity, A11:36–37
velocity and density logs, A11:86; A12:39, 93–94
selenium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
shallow resistivity logs, vs. depth, A11:81–83; A12:86
silica
pore water, A8:15–16; A9:10; A10:16; A11:25; A12:26; A13:21–22; A14:18; A15:12
vs. depth, A1:66; A8:35; A9:26; A10:39; A11:64; A12:69; A13:53; A14:38; A15:30
vs. reagent volume, A6:13
See also opal/silica ratio
silica, biogenic
amount extracted from Site EW9709-3PC, A6:19
burial at Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B23:2–5
constant burial, B22:9
Eocene sediments, B21:9–10
mass accumulation rates, B20:26
normative analysis vs. sodium carbonate treatment, A6:16
sediments, B23:10–12
sodium carbonate and potassium hydroxide treatment vs. normative analysis, A6:21
sodium carbonate vs. potassium hydroxide treatment, A6:20
vs. age, B21:23
vs. depth, B23:8–9; B24:15
silica, treated with potassium hydroxide, vs. silica treated with sodium carbonate, A6:14
silica, treated with sodium carbonate, vs. silica treated with potassium hydroxide, A6:14
silicates, iron oxyhydroxides coatings, B14:3–4
siliceous microfossils, biostratigraphy, A9:6
silicoflagellates
biostratigraphy, B10:1–9
Paleogene, B9:1–29
Paleogene biostratigraphy, B1:7–8
zonation, B9:3–6
silicon
bulk sediments, A8:17; A9:11; A10:17; A11:26; A12:26–27; A13:22; A14:19
ferromanganese micronodules, B14:4
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:84; A13:23; B16:3
vs. age, A1:67; A7:13
vs. depth, A8:36; A9:27; A10:40; A11:65; A12:70; A13:54, 56; A14:39, 41; B15:6; B16:7
silicon, inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectroscopy, vs. depth, A7:12
silicon/titanium ratio, vs. age, A1:70
simulation, climate models, A3:5–9
Site 162, carbonate content, A10:28
Site 166, radiolarian ooze reflectance vs. wavelength, A5:17
Site 1098, chemical analysis, A6:18
Site 1215, A8:1–60
background and objectives, A8:1–2
biostratigraphy, A8:6–10
composite depths, A8:12–13
core images, A8:32
coring summary, A8:43
correction of core physical properties, B12:1–21
geochemistry, A8:15–18
highlights, A8:2–3
inorganic geochemistry of hydrothermal sediments, B15:11
lithostratigraphy, A8:4–6
location, A8:22
operations, A8:3–4
Paleocene/Eocene benthic foraminifers, B7:1–34
paleomagnetism, A8:10–12
physical properties, A8:18–20
sedimentation and accumulation rates, A8:13–15
site description, A8:1–60
site summary, A1:28–29; A8:2
visible and near-infrared spectroscopy, B11:11
Site 1216, A9:1–48
background and objectives, A9:1–2
biostratigraphy, A9:6–7
composite depths, A9:8–9
coring summary, A9:34
correction of core physical properties, B12:1–21
ferromanganese micronodules, B14:1–20
geochemistry, A9:10–12
highlights, A9:3
lithostratigraphy, A9:4–6; B14:10
location, A9:16
operations, A9:3–4
paleomagnetism, A9:7–8
physical properties, A9:12–14
sedimentation and accumulation rates, A9:9
site description, A9:1–48
site summary, A1:29–30; A9:2–3
Site 1217, A10:1–65
background and objectives, A10:1–2
biostratigraphy, A10:9–12
composite depths, A10:13–14
coring summary, A10:47–48
correction of core physical properties, B12:1–21
geochemistry, A10:16–18
highlights, A10:3–4
lithostratigraphy, A10:6–8
location, A10:22
operations, A10:4–5
paleomagnetism, A10:12–13
physical properties, A10:18–20
sedimentation and accumulation rates, A10:14–16
site description, A10:1–65
site summary, A1:30–32; A10:2–3
visible and near-infrared spectroscopy, B11:12
Site 1218, A11:1–126
background and objectives, A11:1–2
biostratigraphy, A11:10–19
calibration by inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectroscopy, A7:10
composite depths, A11:21–23, 103; B2:29–31
composite section, A1:34; A11:3
core disturbance, A11:102
coring summary, A11:87–89
correction of core physical properties, B12:1–21
correlation with Site 1219, A12:4
downhole measurements, A11:32–37
Eocene carbonate compensation depth, B21:3
geochemistry, A11:25–27
highlights, A11:3–5
lithostratigraphy, A11:7–10
location, A11:40
lower Oligocene/lower Eocene radiolarians, B5:1–74
middle/upper Eocene boundary vs. gamma-ray attenuation bulk density, A1:61
Oligocene benthic foraminifers, B8:1–26
Oligocene/Miocene boundary high-resolution benthic foraminiferal stratigraphy, B19:1–13
Oligocene paleoceanography, B17:1–12
operations, A11:5–7
paleomagnetism, A11:19–21
physical properties, A11:27–31
radiolarian biostratigraphy, B3:1–76
sedimentation and accumulation rates, A11:23–25
silicoflagellates and ebridians, B10:1–9
site description, A11:1–126
site summary, A1:33–36; A11:2–3
stratigraphy, B2:1–41
upper Oligocene/lower Miocene radiolarians, B4:1–13
visible and near-infrared spectroscopy, B11:13
Site 1219, A12:1–129
background and objectives, A12:1–2
biostratigraphy, A12:13–20
composite depths, A12:22–24, 108; B2:32
core disturbance, A12:107
coring summary, A12:95–96
correction of core physical properties, B12:1–21
correlation with Site 1218, A12:4
downhole measurements, A12:33–39
Eocene carbonate compensation depth, B21:4
geochemistry, A12:25–28
highlights, A12:4–5
lithostratigraphy, A12:7–13
location, A12:42
lower Oligocene/lower Eocene radiolarians, B5:1–74
Oligocene benthic foraminifers, B8:1–26
operations, A12:5–7
organic biomarkers, B25:1–11
paleomagnetism, A12:21–22
physical properties, A12:28–33
radiolarian biogenic sedimentology, B24:1–19
radiolarian biostratigraphy, B3:1–76
sedimentation and accumulation rates, A12:24–25
silicoflagellates, B9:1–29
site description, A12:1–129
site summary, A1:36–39; A12:2–4
stratigraphy, B2:1–41
upper Oligocene/lower Miocene radiolarians, B4:1–13
visible and near-infrared spectroscopy, B11:14
Site 1220, A13:1–93
background and objectives, A13:1
biostratigraphy, A13:10–18
composite depths, A13:19–20, 77
coring summary, A13:68–69
correction of core physical properties, B12:1–21
diatom biostratigraphy, B6:1–25
Eocene carbonate compensation depth, B21:4
geochemistry, A13:21–24
highlights, A13:3–4
lithostratigraphy, A13:6–10
location, A13:32
lower Oligocene/lower Eocene radiolarians, B5:1–74
magnetic reversals, A14:31
operations, A13:4–6
Paleocene/Eocene benthic foraminifers, B7:1–34
Paleocene/Eocene boundary stable isotopes, B18:1–12
paleomagnetism, A13:18
physical properties, A13:24–29
radiolarian biostratigraphy, B3:1–76
sedimentation and accumulation rates, A13:20–21
silicoflagellates and ebridians, B10:1–9
site description, A13:1–93
site summary, A1:39–42; A13:2–3
visible and near-infrared spectroscopy, B11:15
Site 1221, A14:1–66
background and objectives, A14:1
biostratigraphy, A14:9–15
calibration by inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectroscopy, A7:11
composite depths, A14:16, 54
core disturbance, A14:53
coring summary, A14:49–50
correction of core physical properties, B12:1–21
geochemistry, A14:18–20
high-resolution inorganic geochemistry, B16:1–12
highlights, A14:3–4
lithostratigraphy, A14:5–9
location, A14:25
operations, A14:4–5
organic biomarkers, B25:1–11
Paleocene/Eocene benthic foraminifers, B7:1–34
Paleocene/Eocene boundary biogenic burial, B23:1–12
Paleocene/Eocene boundary phosphorus and barite geochemistry, B22:1–23
Paleocene/Eocene boundary stable isotopes, B18:1–12
paleomagnetism, A14:15
physical properties, A14:20–23
sedimentation and accumulation rates, A14:17–18
silicoflagellates and ebridians, B10:1–9
site description, A14:1–66
site summary, A1:42–44; A14:2–3
visible and near-infrared spectroscopy, B11:16
Site 1222, A15:1–57
background and objectives, A15:1
biostratigraphy, A15:7–9
composite depths, A15:10, 46
core disturbance, A15:45
coring summary, A15:40
correction of core physical properties, B12:1–21
geochemistry, A15:12–13
lithostratigraphy, A15:4–7
location, A15:18
operations, A15:3–4
paleomagnetism, A15:9–10
physical properties, A15:13–16
sedimentation and accumulation rates, A15:11–12
site description, A15:1–57
site summary, A1:44–45; A15:2–3
visible and near-infrared spectroscopy, B11:17
smectite
light absorption spectroscopy, A5:5–6; A8:19; A9:13, 45; A10:19, 62; A11:29, 118–120; A12:30, 121–123; A13:26, 88–89; A14:21–22, 63; A15:14, 54
light absorption spectroscopy vs. ground-truth mineralogy, A5:18
reflectance spectra, B11:9
reflectance vs. wavelength, A5:13
visible and near-infrared spectroscopy, B11:18
vs. depth, A1:58; A8:39; A9:30; A10:43; A11:69; A12:75; A13:60; A14:45; A15:35; B24:15
smectite–illite transition, paleolatitude vs. age, A1:59
sodium
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
pore water, A9:10; A13:21; A14:18; A15:12
vs. depth, B15:5
sodium carbonate, radiolarian ooze treatment, A6:1–21
sodium carbonate digestion, smear slides, A6:11–12
solid residue, smear slides, A6:17
South Pacific Convergence Zone, climate models, A3:5
spectra, light absorption spectroscopy, A5:20
spectroscopy. See also inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectroscopy; light absorption spectroscopy; visible and near-infrared spectroscopy
spectroscopy, reflectance, high-resolution mineralogy, B11:1–23
splice tie points
depth corrections, B12:20
Site 1215, A8:49
Site 1217, A10:53
Site 1218, A11:104
Site 1219, A12:109
Site 1220, A13:78
Site 1221, A14:55
Site 1222, A15:47
spumellarians
vs. depth, B24:15
Zone RP15, B24:7–8
stable isotope stratigraphy, Oligocene, B17:3–4
stable isotopes
benthic foraminifers, B21:29
Eocene–Oligocene transition, A1:6
fine fraction, B17:3–4, 11–12
Oligocene/Miocene boundary, B19:1–13
Oligocene paleoceanography, B17:1–12
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B1:19
stable isotopes, high-resolution, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B18:1–12
stratigraphy
correlation, B2:1–41
intercalibration, A1:17–18
Paleogene, B1:5–9
straw man model, climate models, A3:1–30
streamlines, climate models, A3:17–19, 24–26
stress, effective, vs. void ratio, B12:14
strontium
bulk sediments, A9:11; A10:18; A11:26; A12:27; A13:23; A14:19
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:85; A13:23; A14:20; B16:3
pore water, A8:16; A9:10; A10:16; A11:25; A12:26; A13:22; A14:18; A15:12
vs. depth, A1:66; A8:35–36; A9:26–27; A10:39–40; A11:64–65; A12:69–70; A13:53–54, 56; A14:38–39, 41; A15:30; B15:6; B16:7
subsidence
history, A1:63
paleodepth, B1:36
sulfate
pore water, A8:16; A9:10; A10:16; A11:25; A12:25; A14:18
vs. depth, A1:66; A8:35; A9:26; A10:39; A11:64; A12:69; A13:53; A14:38; A15:30

T

tectonics, seismic reflections, A4:6–7
temperature
climate models, A3:5–9, 17–30
remineralization, B20:17–19
sediments, A8:19; A11:30–31; A12:32; A13:27–28
vs. depth, A11:74; A12:80; A13:65
temperature, in situ, lithologic units, A11:124; A12:127; A13:92
terbium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
terrigenous component
light absorption spectroscopy, A5:5
visible and near-infrared spectroscopy, B11:11–17
theoperids
percentage in Zone RP15, B24:19
Zone RP15, B24:7
thermal conductivity
lithologic units, A8:19, 59; A9:13, 47; A10:20, 64; A11:30–31, 123; A12:32, 126; A13:27–28, 91; A14:22, 65; A15:15, 56
vs. depth, A8:41; A11:72; A12:78; A13:63; A15:37
vs. porosity, A11:73; A12:79; A13:64
thermal maximum. See Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum
thermal resistance, vs. depth, A11:74; A12:80; A13:65
thermocline, upwelling, A3:14, 20–21
thorium logs, vs. depth, A11:79; A12:90
thulium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
timescales, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B18:4
tin, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
titanium
bulk sediments, A8:17; A9:11; A10:17; A11:26; A12:26–27; A13:22; A14:19
ferromanganese micronodules, B14:4
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, A1:84; A13:24; B16:3
velocity and density, B13:6
vs. age, A7:13
vs. depth, A8:36; A9:27; A10:40; A11:65; A12:70; A13:54, 56; A14:39, 41; B15:6; B16:7
See also aluminum/titanium ratio; barium/titanium ratio; iron/titanium ratio; silicon/titanium ratio
trace elements
correlation analysis, B15:10; B16:12
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
inductively coupled plasma–mass spectroscopy data, B16:11
inductively coupled plasma–optical emission spectrometer data, B16:9–10
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
transitional intervals, photograph, A12:46–49
tropical environment, radiolarians, B24:8–10

U

unconformities
seismic reflections, A4:5
See also hiatuses
unzoned interval, Site 1219, B9:4–5
upwelling
Paleogene Equatorial Transect, A1:2
thermocline, A3:14, 19–20
uranium logs, vs. depth, A11:79; A12:90

V

vanadium
bulk sediments, B14:4, 15
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
vs. depth, B15:6; B16:7
Velasco-type assemblages, benthic foraminifers, A8:9
velocity
boreholes, B13:6–7
climate models, A3:29–30
in situ properties, B13:7–9
See also compressional wave velocity
velocity, splice-core, lithologic units, A8:58
velocity logs, vs. depth, A11:81–83; A12:85–86
virtual geomagnetic poles, magnetostratigraphy, A10:32; A11:54–55; A12:58–60; A13:18, 43–44; A14:33; A15:24
visible and near-infrared spectroscopy, high-resolution mineralogy, B11:1–23
VNIS. See visible and near-infrared spectroscopy
void ratio
vs. effective stress, B12:14
vs. rebound coefficients, B12:15
voids, lithologic units, A10:7
volcanic ash
lithologic units, A10:6–7
photograph, A10:25
volcanic glass, lithologic units, A14:6

W

washed samples, digital photograph, A1:82
water content
lithologic units, A8:56; A9:44; A10:61; A11:29, 116–117; A12:119–120; A13:87
sediments, A15:53
vs. depth, A13:57
wavelet transforms, well-logging, A11:85; A12:87–89, 92
well-log stratigraphy, lithologic units, A11:34–36; A12:36–38
well-logging
summary, A11:77, 125; A12:83, 128
See also logging Unit 1; logging Unit 2; logging Unit 3

Y

ytterbium, Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
yttrium
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
vs. depth, B16:7

Z

zeolites, lithologic units, A8:5; A9:5–6; A10:6; A11:7; A13:6; A15:4–5
Zijderveld plots, overprinting, A12:57
zinc
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
Paleocene/Eocene boundary, B16:3
vs. depth, B15:6; B16:7
vs. iron in bulk sediments, B14:16
vs. manganese in bulk sediments, B14:16
zirconium
hydrothermal sediments, B15:3
vs. depth, B15:6
zonation
biostratigraphy, A11:47–48; A12:53–54; A13:38–39; A14:30
diatoms, B6:3–6
radiolarian biostratigraphy, B3:5–12
silicoflagellates, B9:3–6
Zone RP15
diatom interval, B24:6–7
lithologic sequence, B24:16
Zoophycos, lithologic units, A11:9; A12:9

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