SUBJECT INDEX

A

abyssal plains, geology, A1:3–4
age, magnetostratigraphy, A3:39
albite, mineral chemistry, B3:11
alkali feldspar. See quartz-alkali feldspar intergrowth
alteration
basalt, A4:26–29; B2:3
cooling units, A4:173–174
effects, B3:12–14
geochemistry, A3:30–34
lithologic units, A3:21–27
petrography, A3:22–25
photograph, A4:97, 99–100, 103
photomicrograph, A4:108
aluminum oxide
alteration, A3:31
discriminant diagrams, A1:63
volcanic glass alteration, B2:13–14
vs. depth, B1:26; B2:13
vs. iron oxide, A1:63; A3:107
vs. magnesium oxide, B2:10
vs. silica, A1:63; A3:107
See also calcium oxide–aluminum oxide–potassium oxide diagram; magnesium oxide–aluminum oxide–iron oxide diagram
amplitude, subseafloor reflections, B6:17
analcime, alteration, A3:25
anhydrite
lithologic units, A3:13
photograph, A3:74
photomicrograph, A3:81, 102
sediments, A1:21–22
X-ray diffraction data, A3:20, 97
anorthite, mineral chemistry, B3:11
aragonite
ferrobasalt, B3:5
vein mineral assemblages, A4:40
X-ray diffraction data, A4:38, 117
authigenesis, geochemistry, A3:31
azimuth logs, vs. depth, A4:146

B

bacteria
carbonates, A4:44
iron oxidation, A4:45
liquid cultures, A3:125
photomicrograph, A1:53; A3:124
sediments, A1:15; A3:41–43; A4:43–45
bacteria, iron-oxidizing, photomicrograph, A4:128
bacterial cells, photomicrograph, A3:126–128; A4:127
barium
alteration, A3:31
basalt, A4:36–37
vs. depth, B2:14
vs. magnesium oxide, A1:65; A3:108; A4:113; B2:11
basalt
comparison of physical properties, logging, and geochemistry, B1:10
core property correlation, A4:58–59
geochemistry, A1:13–14; B2:18–19
lithology, A1:11–12, 48; A4:2–3
microbiology, B1:10–11
paleomagnetism, A1:14
petrography, A1:12–13; A4:29–36
petrology, A4:26–29
photograph, A4:95–96, 99–100, 103
photomicrograph, A4:104–107
physical properties, A1:15–16
well-logging, A1:16–17
basalt, holocrystalline, petrography, A4:29–36
basalt flows
ferrobasalt, B3:4–6
lithologic units, B1:7–8
basement
age, B2:17
comparison of physical properties, logging, and geochemistry, B1:10
drilling, A1:5
geochemistry, B1:8
petrography, A1:12–13
reflections, A1:17–18
bathymetry, observatories, A4:75
biostratigraphy
radiolarians, B4:1–25
Site 1223, A3:29–30
Site 1224, A4:40–41
bioturbation
lithologic units, A3:9
photograph, A3:63
borehole deviation logs, vs. depth, A4:146
borehole seismic installation, operations, A4:1–2
Bouma sequence Division D
lithologic units, A3:9
photograph, A3:57
breccia, palagonitized hyaloclastite, igneous units, A4:28
breccia, pebble, photograph, A3:69
broadband borehole seismometers
data, B5:1–63
installation, A1:10, 18; A4:9–10; B1:5–6
noise spectra, B1:23
spectrograms, B1:21–22
Brunhes Chron, magnetostratigraphy, A3:38–39
bulk density logs, vs. depth, A4:54, 149, 153; B1:30–31
burrows
lithologic units, A3:10–11
photograph, A3:67
sedimentology, A4:25
bytownite
mineral chemistry, B3:6–7
petrography, A4:30

C

calcite
ferrobasalt, B3:5
igneous units, A4:29
photograph, A3:59; A4:102
sediments, A1:14
vein paragenesis, A4:39
X-ray diffraction data, A3:95; A4:38–39, 117
calcite cement
petrography, A4:35–36
photograph, A1:49; A4:101
calcium oxide
alteration, A3:31–32
provenance, A3:34
volcanic glass alteration, B2:13–14
vs. depth, B1:26; B2:13
vs. magnesium oxide, B1:43; B2:10
calcium oxide–aluminum oxide–potassium oxide diagram, volcaniclastics, A1:64; A3:106
caliper logs, vs. depth, A1:57; A4:146, 153; B1:30–31
carbonates, bacteria, A4:44
cavities
ferrobasalt, B3:5
petrography, A4:31
cavities, carbonate-filled
lithologic units, A3:11
photograph, A3:65
cementation, alteration, A3:22–27
Cenozoic
radiolarian intervals, B4:3–4
radiolarians, B4:1–25
chert, reflections, A1:17–18
chlorite, photomicrograph, A3:82, 91
chrome spinel, geochemistry, A3:30–31
chromium
vs. depth, B1:28; B2:14
vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16
vs. magnesium oxide, B2:11
Chron C1n
biostratigraphy, A3:30
magnetostratigraphy, A3:38–39
sedimentation rates, A3:39
Chron C1r2r, biostratigraphy, B4:6
Chron C2n, biostratigraphy, A3:30; B4:6
Chron C2r
biostratigraphy, A3:30
magnetostratigraphy, A3:38–39
Chron C2r.1n, magnetostratigraphy, A3:38–39
Chron C17n, biostratigraphy, A4:40
Chron C20n, biostratigraphy, A4:40
Chron C20r/C21n boundary, biostratigraphy, A4:41
clasts, anhedral olivine, photomicrograph, A3:93
clasts, carbonate, lithologic units, A3:15
clasts, claystone, lithologic units, A3:15
clasts, lithic
lithologic units, A3:13
photograph, A3:73, 75
clasts, olivine
lithologic units, A1:23; A3:15–19
photomicrograph, A3:84
clasts, rip-up, photograph, A3:66
clay
alteration, A3:22–25
geochemistry, A3:30–35
lithologic units, A1:23–30
photomicrograph, A3:98–101
sediments, A1:14
See also red clay province
clay, aluminous detrital, provenance, A3:33–34
clay, massive, sedimentology, A4:25
clay, massive dark-brown
lithologic units, A3:9
photograph, A3:59–60
clay, yellowish brown, photograph, A3:56, 118
clay minerals
petrography, A4:30
photomicrograph, A3:82
volcanic glass alteration, B2:13–14
clay rims, photomicrograph, A3:86
claystone
petrography, A3:15–16
photomicrograph, A3:102
claystone, bioturbated
lithologic units, A3:10–11
photograph, A3:63
claystone, volcaniclastic
lithologic units, A3:11–12
photograph, A3:67
claystone, volcaniclastic silty
lithologic units, A3:11–14
photograph, A3:66, 68–69, 72–74, 102, 121–123
photomicrograph, A3:80, 103
clinopyroxene
composition and structural formulas, B3:29–31
ferrobasalt, B3:3–6, 21
mineral chemistry, B3:7
petrography, A4:30–36
photomicrograph, A3:88; A4:106–108
clinopyroxene, anhedral
lithologic units, A3:15–19
photomicrograph, A4:105
clinopyroxene, euhedral, photomicrograph, A3:85; A4:104
clinopyroxene groundmass, core composition, B2:15
cobalt
vs. depth, B2:14
vs. magnesium oxide, B2:11
coccoliths
eolian sediments, A4:24–25
photomicrograph, A1:47; A4:93
compressional wave velocity
lithologic units, A3:44–45; A4:46–49; B1:32
sediments, A3:158
vs. bulk density, A4:139, 144–145
vs. depth, A1:55; A4:134, 138, 154–155; B1:33, 35
vs. porosity, A4:139, 144–145
compressional wave velocity from the monopole source logs, vs. depth, A4:53, 149; B1:30
compressional wave velocity, sensor, lithologic units, A4:178
cooling units, alteration, A4:173–174
cores, correlation, A4:10
correlation
cores, A4:10
properties, A4:57–59
cross bedding
lithologic units, A3:11
photograph, A3:63
crust, geology, A1:3–4
crust, oceanic, shallow seismic structure, B7:1–21
crust, upper, five-layer structure, B7:1–21
crystallization, basalt, B2:14

D

deep induction resistivity logs, vs. depth, A1:56; A4:147
deep-source experiment. See subseafloor reflections, 3.5-kHz
demagnetization
basalt, A4:42
vector plots, A3:115
demagnetization, alternating-field
basalt, A4:125–126
split-core intervals, A3:35–37, 110–111, 113–114
dendrites, plagioclase, photomicrograph, A4:105
density
bulk density vs. gamma-ray attenuated bulk density, A3:132
lithologic units, A3:44; A4:46–48, 176
sediments, A3:157
vs. depth, A4:134, 137, 142–143; B1:33
density, bulk
vs. compressional wave velocity, A4:139, 144–145
vs. depth, A3:131; A4:133
vs. velocity, A3:134
density, dry, vs. depth, A3:131; A4:133
density, gamma-ray attenuated bulk
lithologic units, A3:43
vs. depth, A3:129; A4:132, 136, 140–141; B1:41
vs. velocity, A4:135
density, grain, vs. depth, A3:131; A4:133, 142–143
density logs. See bulk density logs
density logs, gamma-ray attenuated bulk, vs. depth, A1:57; B7:11
detrital component, geochemistry, A3:30–34
diachroneity, radiolarians, B4:5–6
diagenesis, geochemistry, A3:30–34
differential pressure, vs. velocity, B1:34
discoasters
eolian sediments, A4:24–25
photomicrograph, A1:47; A4:92–93
disturbed zone
drilling, A3:147
geology, A1:3–4
photograph, A3:74
downhole measurements, A4:49–55
drilling effects, seismic data, A4:62

E

earthquakes
Hawaii-2 Observatory, A4:160–164
seismic data, A4:61–62
echo sounder, reflections, A1:18; A3:135–138; A4:68–74, 83–88; B6:1–17
Eocene
biostratigraphy, B4:8
ferrobasalt, B3:1–36
Eocene, lower, biostratigraphy, A3:29–30
Eocene, middle, biostratigraphy, A4:40–41
eolian sediments, sedimentology, A4:24–25
erosional contacts, photograph, A3:58, 63, 66–67
exsolution, photomicrograph, A3:101

F

Farallon plate, geology, A1:3–4
ferrobasalt
mineral chemistry, B3:1–36
petrography, B3:3–6
fluid flow, alteration, A3:27–29
Formation MicroScanner imagery, vs. depth, A4:52–53, 148
fracture zones, geology, A1:3–4
fractures
igneous units, A4:29
photograph, A4:98–99, 102
photomicrograph, A4:106
See also microfractures
fungal hyphae, photomicrograph, A1:54; A4:129–131; B1:39

G

gabbro clots, photomicrograph, A4:107
gamma-ray logs, vs. depth, A4:54, 150; B1:30
gamma rays
lithologic units, A3:44
vs. depth, A3:129; A4:132, 136, 140–141
gas pipe structures
lithologic units, A3:10
photograph, A3:62; A4:96
photomicrograph, A4:96
geochemistry
basement, B1:8
lithologic units, A1:23
Site 1223, A3:30–34
Site 1224, A4:4–6, 36–40; B1:44
geology, Hawaii-2 Observatory, A1:3–4
geothermometry, magmas, B3:9
glass shards
alteration, A3:22–25
lithologic units, A1:28–30; A3:10, 15–19
petrography, A4:35–36
photomicrograph, A3:82, 86, 100; A4:108
provenance, A3:33–34
glass shards, altered, photomicrograph, A3:89–94
glass shards, palagonitic basaltic, photomicrograph, A3:98
glass shards, vesicular altered, photomicrograph, A3:90, 98
glomerocrysts, photomicrograph, A4:104
granules
lithologic units, A3:15–19
photograph, A3:58–59, 69
photomicrograph, A3:82
sedimentology, A4:25
X-ray diffraction data, A3:19–20, 95
granules, claystone, photomicrograph, A3:79
groundmass, petrography, A4:29–36

H

H2O. See Hawaii-2 Observatory
halos
basalt, A4:28–30
iron oxide, B2:13
petrography, A4:33–36
photograph, A4:97, 100, 103
See also oxidation halos
Hawaii-2 Observatory
data, B5:1–63
geology, A1:3–4
location, A4:76
operations, A1:2–20, 36–37, 41–46; A4:68–74, 77, 156–157
synthesis, B1:1–44
tectonics, B1:3
Hawaiian Arch, seismic reflection, B1:20
hematite. See ilmenite-hematite solid solution
hyaloclastite
igneous units, A4:29
photograph, A1:49; A4:101
photomicrograph, A4:106, 108
hyaloclastite flows, petrography, A4:33
hydration, volcanic glass, B2:13–14
hydrothermal alteration
basalt crystallization, B2:14
sediments, A1:21–22

I

iddingsitization, olivine, B3:3
igneous units
petrology, A4:26–29
Unit 1, A4:27–28
Unit 2, A4:28–29
Unit 3, A4:29
illite
vein mineral assemblages, A4:40
X-ray diffraction data, A4:38, 116
ilmenite
alteration effects, B2:12
mineral chemistry, B3:7
photomicrograph, A4:96, 104
ilmenite-hematite solid solution, ferrobasalt, B3:3–6
impedance logs, vs. two-way traveltime, B1:36
inclusions, X-ray diffraction data, A3:20, 96
intergrowths
mineral chemistry, B3:8, 36
origin, B3:10
photomicrograph, A4:104–105, 107; B3:24
intergrowths, microlitic, petrography, A4:31
intergrowths, myrmekitic, mineral chemistry, B3:10
Interval A, radiolarian intervals, B4:3–8
Interval B, radiolarian intervals, B4:3–8
Interval C, radiolarian intervals, B4:3–8
Interval D, radiolarian intervals, B4:3–8
inverse transfer functions, broadband seismometer, B5:10
iron, oxidation and bacteria, A4:45
iron, total, magnesium oxide–aluminum oxide–iron oxide diagram, A1:64; A3:106
iron oxide
alteration, A3:31
alteration effects, B2:13
photomicrograph, A3:101; A4:131
vs. aluminum oxide, A1:63; A3:107
vs. depth, B1:26; B2:13
vs. magnesium oxide, B2:10
vs. silica, B3:25
See also magnesium oxide–aluminum oxide–iron oxide diagram
iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio
vs. depth, B1:26; B2:13
vs. magnesium oxide, B2:10
vs. major elements, B2:16
vs. niobium/zirconium ratio, B2:16
vs. rubidium/strontium ratio, B2:16
vs. trace elements, B2:16
vs. zirconium/yttrium ratio, B2:16
iron oxide–titanium oxide–iron oxide ternary diagram, ferrobasalt, B3:22
iron oxyhydroxide
basalt, A4:28–30
basalt crystallization, B2:14
photograph, A4:98, 102
vein paragenesis, A4:39

K

kaolinite, lithologic units, A3:13
kink bands
photomicrograph, A3:84, 101
vitric tuff, A1:21
Koolau Volcano, geology, A1:20; B1:4

L

laminations
lithologic units, A3:10–11, 13
photograph, A3:63
landslides
blast eruptions, A1:62; A3:104
geology, A1:20; B1:3–4
laumontite, X-ray diffraction data, A4:38, 116
lava flows
igneous units, A4:26–29
lithologic units, B1:7–8
photomicrograph, A4:104
lithic fragments, lithologic units, A3:15–19
lithologic units
age, A3:155
Site 1223, A1:61; A3:3–4, 8–29, 55, 141–142; B1:40
Site 1224, B1:7–8; B2:8
Unit 1, A3:8–9
Unit 2, A3:9
Unit 3, A3:9
Unit 4, A3:9–10
Unit 5, A3:10
Unit 6, A3:10–11
Unit 7, A3:11
Unit 8, A3:11
Unit 9, A3:11–12
Unit 10, A3:12
Unit 11A, A3:12
Unit 11B, A3:12–13
Unit 12, A3:13
Unit 13, A3:13
Unit 14, A3:13–14
Unit L-1, B1:7
Unit L-2, B1:7
Unit L-3, B1:7–8
lithology
Site 1223, A3:3–4, 8–29, 55
Site 1224, A4:2–3, 24–36, 94; B1:25, 44; B3:19
summary, A1:11–12, 22–30
turbidite, A1:21–30
lithostratigraphy, well-logging, A4:54–55
loss on ignition
vs. depth, A4:111; B2:3
vs. potassium oxide, A3:105
vs. water, B2:9

M

magmas, evolution, B3:9–12
magmas, tholeiitic, mineral chemistry, B3:11–12
magnesium number, clinopyroxene groundmass, B2:15
magnesium oxide
alteration, A3:31
basalt, A4:36–37
basement, B2:3
provenance, A3:34
volcanic glass alteration, B2:13–14
vs. barium, A1:65; A3:108; A4:113
vs. calcium oxide, B1:43
vs. depth, B1:26; B2:13
vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16
vs. major elements, B2:10
vs. potassium oxide, A4:112
vs. silica, A1:65; A3:108; B1:43
vs. sum of oxides, B3:23
vs. titanium oxide, A4:109; B3:26
vs. trace elements, B2:11
vs. zirconium, A1:65; A3:108
See also iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio
magnesium oxide–aluminum oxide–iron oxide diagram, total iron, A1:64; A3:106
magnetic anomalies, vs. age, A4:78
magnetic declination, vs. depth, A3:109, 117; A4:123
magnetic field logs, vs. depth, A4:51, 146
magnetic inclination, vs. depth, A3:37, 109, 112, 117; A4:123–124
magnetic intensity, vs. depth, A3:109, 117; A4:123–124
magnetic polarity, magnetostratigraphy, A3:38–39
magnetic susceptibility
lithologic units, A3:43
vs. depth, A3:109, 129; A4:123, 132, 136, 140–141
magnetite
alteration effects, B2:12
See also ulvöspinel-magnetite solid solution
magnetostratigraphy
volcaniclastics, A3:38–39
vs. depth, A3:112, 117, 154
major elements
basalt, B2:18–19
lithologic units, A1:28–30
sediments, A3:146
vs. depth, B1:26–28; B2:3–4
vs. magnesium oxide, B2:10
micrite
ferrobasalt, B3:5
lithologic units, A3:15
microbiology
basalt, B1:10–11
sediments, A1:15
Site 1223, A3:39–43
Site 1224, A4:6–7, 43–45
microfractures
basalt, A4:28
photograph, A4:97
microphenocrysts
petrography, A4:30
photomicrograph, A4:107
mineral assemblages, veins, A4:39–40
mineral chemistry, ferrobasalt, B3:6–8
Molokai Fracture Zone, geology, A1:3–4; B1:3
montmorillonite, X-ray diffraction data, A3:95–96; A4:116, 118
Moonless Mountains, geology, A1:3–4
Murray Fracture Zone, geology, A1:3–4; B1:3
myrmekite
composition, B3:36
quartz, B3:25

N

Neogene, biostratigraphy, B4:1–9
neutron porosity logs, vs. depth, A1:57; A4:149, 153; B1:30–31; B7:11
nickel
vs. depth, B2:14
vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16
vs. magnesium oxide, B2:11
niobium
basement, B2:3
vs. depth, B1:28; B2:14
vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16
See also zirconium/niobium ratio
niobium/zirconium ratio, vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16
noise spectra
broadband borehole seismometers, B1:23
subseafloor reflections, B1:5–6
nontronite, petrography, A4:31
nonvolcanics, lithologic units, A3:14–19
nucleic acids, photomicrograph, A3:124
Nuuanu Landslide
drilling, A1:1–2, 20–30
location, A1:60; A3:54; B1:19
synthesis, B1:1–44
tectonics, B1:3–4

O

Oahu, drilling, A1:1–3
Ocean Seismic Network (OSN-1)
location, A4:89
spectra, A1:39–40
ocean seismic networks, operations, A1:4–5; A4:89–91
olivine
alteration, A3:24–27
iddingsitization, B3:3
lithologic units, A3:10, 15–19
microphenocryst composition, B3:32
mineral chemistry, B3:7
photomicrograph, A3:82, 100–101
vitric tuff, A1:21
olivine, euhedral, photomicrograph, A3:83; A4:107
olivine, euhedral skeletal, photomicrograph, A3:94
olivine, skeletal, photomicrograph, A3:83
opal-A, biostratigraphy, B4:7–8
opal-CT
biostratigraphy, B4:7–8
radiolarian intervals, B4:4
sediments, A3:29
opaque minerals
alteration effects, B3:12–13
composition, B3:33–34
ferrobasalt, B3:3–6, 22
mineral chemistry, B3:7–8
petrography, A4:30–36
photomicrograph, A3:88
OSN-1. See Ocean Seismic Network (OSN–1)
oxidation halos, photograph, A4:97
oxides, lithologic units, A1:28–30

P

Pacific Ocean E, shallow seismic structure, B7:1–21
Pacific Ocean NE, geology, A1:3–4
Pacific plate, geology, A1:3–4
palagonite
alteration, A3:22–27
composition, B3:35
lithologic units, A3:12–13, 15–19
photomicrograph, A4:106
volcanic glass alteration, B2:13–14
palagonite rims, photomicrograph, A3:92, 94, 98–99; A4:106, 108
palagonitization
alteration, A3:22–27
ferrobasalt, B3:4–6
mineral chemistry, B3:8
Paleogene, biostratigraphy, B4:4–5
paleomagnetism
discrete samples, A3:37–38, 153
Site 1223, A3:34–39, 148–150
Site 1224, A4:6, 41–42
summary, A1:14
paragenesis, vein deposits, A4:39
paragonite
lithologic units, A3:13
sediments, A1:21–22
X-ray diffraction data, A3:97
passing ships, seismic data, A4:62
pebbles, clayey
sedimentology, A4:25
X-ray diffraction data, A4:39, 121
petrogenesis, lithologic units, A1:28–30
petrography
alteration, A3:22–25
basement, A1:12–13; A4:3–4
ferrobasalt, B3:3–6
igneous units, A4:29–36
lithologic units, A3:14–19, 143
phenocrysts
ferrobasalt, B3:4–6
petrography, A4:31
See also microphenocrysts
phillipsite
photograph, A3:58
sediments, A1:14
vein mineral assemblages, A4:39–40
X-ray diffraction data, A3:95, 97; A4:38–39, 118, 121
phosphorus oxide, alteration, A3:31–32
physical properties
basalt, A1:15–16
Site 1223, A3:43–45
Site 1224, A4:7–8, 45–49; B1:8–10, 44
pillow lava, petrography, A4:29–36
pillow rims
petrography, A4:29, 34
photomicrograph, A4:107
plagioclase
composition and structural formulas, B3:27–28
ferrobasalt, B3:3–6, 20
mineral chemistry, B3:6–7
petrography, A4:30–36
photomicrograph, A3:82, 88; A4:106, 108
See also bytownite; quartz-solid plagioclase intergrowth
plagioclase, acicular, photomicrograph, A4:104–105, 107
plagioclase, "bowtie," photomicrograph, A3:87
plagioclase, skeletal, photomicrograph, A3:87
plagioclase, spherulitic, photomicrograph, A4:104
plagioclase, subhedral, lithologic units, A3:15–19
plagioclase, tabular, photomicrograph, A4:104
plagiogranite, origin, B3:10
Pliocene, upper, lithologic units, A3:12
porosity
sediments, A3:157
vs. compressional wave velocity, A4:139, 144–145
vs. depth, A3:131; A4:133, 137, 142–143; B1:33
vs. velocity, A3:134
porosity logs. See neutron porosity logs
potassium logs, vs. depth, A4:54, 150
potassium oxide
alteration, A3:31
basalt, A4:36–37; B2:3
vs. depth, B1:26
vs. loss on ignition, A3:105
vs. magnesium oxide, A4:112; B2:10
vs. sum of oxides, B3:23
vs. water, B2:9
See also calcium oxide–aluminum oxide–potassium oxide diagram
power spectral density
broadband seismometer, B5:11–13
RMS levels, B5:4, 20–62
preservation
discoasters, A4:24
radiolarian intervals, B4:3–4
protoliths, lithologic units, A3:22
provenance
lithologic units, A1:28–30
volcaniclastics, A3:32–34
pyrite crystals, petrography, A4:31
pyroclastic flows
alteration, A3:27–29
lithologic units, A1:23–30

Q

quartz
mineral chemistry, B3:8
myrmekite, B3:25
sediments, A1:14
X-ray diffraction data, A4:38, 119
quartz-alkali feldspar intergrowth, photomicrograph, B3:24
quartz-solid plagioclase intergrowth
mineral chemistry, B3:8
origin, B3:9–12
quench texture, photomicrograph, A4:106–107

R

radiolarian fillings
alteration, A3:25
photomicrograph, A3:102–103
radiolarians
biostratigraphy, B4:1–25
reworking, A3:29–30
sedimentology, A4:25
vs. depth, A4:152
recrystallization
lithologic units, A3:22–25
photomicrograph, A3:102
radiolarian intervals, B4:4
red clay province, reflections, A1:17–18
reflection surveys, 3.5-kHz experiment, A1:17–18, 58–59
See also echo sounder; subseafloor reflections
reflection surveys, 4-kHz, drilling hole, B6:1–17
reflections
drilling, B1:4
echo sounder, A1:38; A3:45–48; B1:37–38
red clay province, A1:17–18
remanent magnetization, anhysteretic, discrete samples, A3:151
remanent magnetization, characteristic
cores, A3:35–36
discrete samples, A3:37–38
remanent magnetization, isothermal
acquisition curves, A3:35–36, 116
discrete samples, A3:152
remanent magnetization, natural, discrete samples, A3:37–38
resistivity logs
vs. depth, A1:56–57; A4:52–53, 153; B1:31
See also deep induction resistivity logs; spherically focused resistivity logs
rubidium
vs. depth, B2:14
vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16
vs. magnesium oxide, B2:11
vs. strontium, B2:12
rubidium/strontium ratio, vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16

S

sand, photomicrograph, A3:77
sand, black
lithologic units, A3:9–10
photograph, A3:119
sand, volcanic, photomicrograph, A3:79
saponite, X-ray diffraction data, A3:20, 96; A4:116, 120
scandium, alteration, A3:31
seafloor spreading, crust, A1:5
sea state, seismic data, A4:60
secondary minerals
basement, A1:51–52; A4:114–115; B1:8
igneous units, A4:29
photomicrograph, A3:102
X-ray diffraction data, A4:37–39
sediment resonance, seismic data, A4:60–61
sedimentation, lithologic units, A1:23–30
sedimentation rates, magnetostratigraphy, A3:39
sedimentology, pelagic clay, A4:24–25
sediments
core property correlation, A4:57–58
lithology, A1:11–12; A4:2, 122
sediments, unconsolidated, petrography, A3:14–15
seismic profiles
Site 1223, A1:60; A3:54; B1:24
Site 1224, A4:68
seismic results, Pacific plate, A4:59–63
seismic signature, deep sources, B1:6
seismic structure, shallow, ocean crust, B7:1–21
seismic traces, Pacific plate, B7:13–14
seismograms, synthetic
data processing, B7:17–22
vs. depth, B7:15
vs. two-way traveltime, B1:36; B7:16
shear wave velocity, vs. depth, B1:33
shear wave velocity logs, vs. depth, A4:149; B1:30
silica
alteration, A3:31
basement, B2:3
discriminant diagrams, A1:63
vs. aluminum oxide, A1:63; A3:107
vs. depth, B1:26; B2:13
vs. iron oxide, B3:25
vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16
vs. magnesium oxide, A1:65; A3:108; B1:43; B2:10
vs. sum of oxides, B3:23
silt, volcaniclastic, lithologic units, A3:11
siltstone, clayey, photograph, A3:76
siltstone, petrography, A3:15–16
siltstone, volcaniclastic clayey, photograph, A3:75
siltstone, volcaniclastic sandy
lithologic units, A3:11
photograph, A3:64–65
Site 1223, A3:1–159
3.5-kHz subseafloor reflections, A3:55–56
background and objectives, A3:5–6
biostratigraphy, A3:29–30
Cenozoic radiolarians, B4:1–25
coring summary, A1:72; A3:139–140
drilling and seismic reflection, B1:4–5
geochemistry, A3:30–34
lithology, A3:8–29
location, A1:60; A3:54
microbiology, A3:39–43
operations, A3:6–8
paleomagnetism, A3:34–39
physical properties, A3:43–45
preliminary results, A3:1–5
site description, A3:1–159
synthesis, Pacific plate, B1:1–44
tectonics, B1:3–4
Site 1224, A4:1–178
3.5-kHz subseafloor reflections, A4:45–48
background and objectives, A4:10–15
basement petrology and geochemistry, B2:1–19
biostratigraphy, A4:40–41
broadband seismic observatories, B5:1–63
core, physical properties, logging, and seismic correlation, A4:57–59
coring summary, A1:69–71; A4:165–169
downhole measurements, A4:49–55; B1:44
drilling and seismic reflection, B1:4
Eocene ferrobasalt, B3:1–36
geochemistry, A4:36–40; B1:44
lithology, A4:24–36; B1:44
microbiology, A4:43–45
operations, A4:16–24, 170–172
paleomagnetism, A4:41–42
physical properties, A4:45–49; B1:44
preliminary results, A4:1–10
seismic results, A4:59–63
shallow seismic structure, B7:1–21
site description, A4:1–178
synthesis, Pacific plate, B1:1–44
tectonics, B1:3
smear slides, distribution, B4:20–25
smectite
vein mineral assemblages, A4:39–40
vein paragenesis, A4:39
X-ray diffraction data, A4:38–39, 116, 119–120
sodium oxide
alteration, A3:31–32
volcanic glass alteration, B2:13
vs. depth, B1:26; B2:13
vs. magnesium oxide, B2:10
sonic logs, lithologic units, A4:53
spectrograms, broadband seismometer, B5:3–4, 14–19
spherically focused resistivity logs, vs. depth, A1:56; A4:147
spherulites
lithologic units, A3:10
petrography, A4:30–36
photomicrograph, A3:98; A4:106–108
spherulites, "bowtie" plagioclase, photomicrograph, A3:87
spinel
mineral chemistry, B3:7–8
See also chrome spinel; ulvöspinel
spontaneous potential logs, vs. depth, A1:56; A4:147
stain bands
igneous units, A4:29
photomicrograph, A3:101
strontium
vs. depth, B2:14
vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16
vs. magnesium oxide, B2:11
vs. rubidium, B2:12
See also rubidium/strontium ratio
structures, "atoll-like," photomicrograph, A3:89
subseafloor reflections, 3.5-kHz
data, A3:45–48
experiment, A1:17–18, 58–59; A4:8–9, 55–56, 151; B1:5–6
See also echo sounder; reflection surveys
subseafloor reflections, 4-kHz, amplitude, B6:17
sulfide globules, petrography, A4:32

T

tectonics
Hawaii-2 Observatory, B1:3
Nuuanu Landslide, B1:3–4
temperature logs, vs. depth, A1:56; A4:51–52, 147; B1:30
textures, petrography, A4:29–36
thermal conductivity
lithologic units, A3:44; A4:46–48, 177
sediments, A3:156
vs. depth, A3:130; A4:134, 137, 143
thomsonite, X-ray diffraction data, A3:97
thorium logs
basalt, A1:17
vs. depth, A4:150
titanium oxide
basalt, A1:13–14; A4:36–37
vs. depth, A1:50; A4:110; B1:26–27; B2:13
vs. magnesium oxide, A4:109; B2:10; B3:26
vs. sum of oxides, B3:23
See also iron oxide–titanium oxide–iron oxide ternary diagram
titanomagnetite
alteration, A3:25
alteration effects, B3:12
mineral chemistry, B3:7–8
petrography, A4:32
photomicrograph, A4:96
titanomagnetite, euhedral, photomicrograph, A4:105
titanomagnetite, skeletal, photomicrograph, A4:104
trace elements
basalt, B2:18–19
basement, B2:3–4
vs. magnesium oxide, B2:11
transfer functions
spectrograms, B5:2–3
See also inverse transfer functions
tuff, altered palagonitized crystal vitric
lithologic units, A3:12
photograph, A3:70–71, 122–123
tuff, crystal vitric
alteration, A3:24–29
lithologic units, A1:28–30; A3:10
lithology, A1:21–30
petrography, A3:16–19
photograph, A3:61–63
photomicrograph, A3:82–95, 98
tuff, palagonitized crystal vitric
lithologic units, A3:12–13
photomicrograph, A3:98–101
X-ray diffraction data, A3:96
turbidite
lithology, A1:21–30
photomicrograph, A3:77–79
X-ray diffraction data, A3:19–20, 144
turbidite, volcaniclastic
lithologic units, A3:8–9
photograph, A3:56–60, 120
Tuscaloosa Seamount, geology, A1:20; B1:3

U

ulvöspinel, alteration effects, B3:12
ulvöspinel-magnetite solid solution, ferrobasalt, B3:3–6
uranium logs
basalt, A1:17
vs. depth, A4:150

V

vanadium, alteration, A3:31
veinlets, X-ray diffraction data, A3:97
veins
basement, A1:51–52; A4:114–115
mineral assemblages, A4:39–40
paragenesis, A4:39
petrography, A4:32–33
photograph, A4:98, 103
photomicrograph, A3:102–103
X-ray diffraction data, A4:37–39, 116–120
veins, calcite/smectite, X-ray diffraction data, A4:39
veins, carbonate, X-ray diffraction data, A4:38
veins, clay, X-ray diffraction data, A4:38
veins, zeolite, X-ray diffraction data, A4:38
velocity
vs. bulk density, A3:134
vs. depth, A3:133; B1:42
vs. differential pressure, B1:34
vs. gamma-ray attenuation bulk density, A4:135
vs. porosity, A3:134
velocity logs, lithologic units, A4:53; B7:11
vesicles
igneous units, A4:29
photograph, A4:100
photomicrograph, A3:98, 100
vesicles, calcite-filled, photograph, A4:95
vesicles, clay-lined, photograph, A4:95
vesicles, segregation
petrography, A4:31, 34
photomicrograph, A4:104
vesicularity, petrography, A4:32
vitric fragments, lithologic units, A3:15–19
volcanic glass
alteration effects, B3:13–14
composition, B3:35
lithologic units, A1:23–30
mineral chemistry, B3:8
petrography, A4:29–36
volcanic glass, devitrified, photomicrograph, A4:105
volcanic glass, palagonitized
photograph, A4:101
photomicrograph, A3:83, 90–94, 98
volcaniclastics
calcium oxide–aluminum oxide–potassium oxide diagram, A1:64; A3:106
lithologic units, A1:23–30
volcanics, lithologic units, A3:14–19
vug fillings, X-ray diffraction data, A3:20–21, 97
vugs, lithologic units, A3:13
vugs, anhydrite-filled
photograph, A3:72
photomicrograph, A3:80–81, 102

W

wairakite
alteration, A3:25
lithologic units, A3:13
sediments, A1:21–22
X-ray diffraction data, A3:20, 97
water content
lithologic units, A3:44; A4:46–48, 176
sediments, A3:157
water guns
relation to whale songs, A4:159
seismic data, A4:61
weathering, geochemistry, A3:31
well-logging, basalt, A1:16–17; A4:9; B1:8–10, 44
whale songs
Hawaii-2 Observatory, A4:158–159
seismic data, A4:61

X

X-ray diffraction data
lithologic units, A3:19–21; A4:37–39
minerals, A3:145; A4:175
secondary minerals, A4:37–39
turbidite, A3:144

Y

yttrium
basement, B2:3–4
vs. depth, B1:28; B2:14
vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16
vs. magnesium oxide, B2:11
vs. zirconium, B1:29; B2:12
See also zirconium/yttrium ratio
yttrium/zirconium ratio, vs. depth, B2:14

Z

zeolites
alteration, A3:22–25
composition, B3:36
geochemistry, A3:30–35
lithologic units, A3:10
photomicrograph, A3:98–103
sediments, A1:14
X-ray diffraction data, A4:118, 121
zirconium
basalt, A1:13–14; A4:36–37
basement, B2:3–4
provenance, A3:33–34
vs. depth, A1:50; A4:110; B1:28; B2:14
vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16
vs. magnesium oxide, A1:65; A3:108; B2:11
vs. yttrium, B1:29; B2:12
See also niobium/zirconium ratio; yttrium/zirconium ratio
zirconium/niobium ratio, basalt, B2:4
zirconium/yttrium ratio, vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16

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