SUBJECT INDEX
A

abyssal plains, geology, A1:3–4

age, magnetostratigraphy, A3:39

albite, mineral chemistry, B3:11

alkali feldspar. See quartzalkali feldspar intergrowth

alteration

basalt, A4:26–29; B2:3

cooling units, A4:173–174

effects, B3:12–14

geochemistry, A3:30–34

lithologic units, A3:21–27

petrography, A3:22–25

photograph, A4:97, 99–100, 103

photomicrograph, A4:108

aluminum oxide

alteration, A3:31

discriminant diagrams, A1:63

volcanic glass alteration, B2:13–14

vs. depth, B1:26; B2:13

vs. iron oxide, A1:63; A3:107

vs. magnesium oxide, B2:10

vs. silica, A1:63; A3:107

See also calcium oxide–aluminum oxide–potassium oxide diagram; magnesium oxide–aluminum oxide–iron oxide diagram

amplitude, subseafloor reflections, B6:17

analcime, alteration, A3:25

anhydrite

lithologic units, A3:13

photograph, A3:74

photomicrograph, A3:81, 102

sediments, A1:21–22

Xray diffraction data, A3:20, 97

anorthite, mineral chemistry, B3:11

aragonite

ferrobasalt, B3:5

vein mineral assemblages, A4:40

Xray diffraction data, A4:38, 117

authigenesis, geochemistry, A3:31

azimuth logs, vs. depth, A4:146
B

bacteria

carbonates, A4:44

iron oxidation, A4:45

liquid cultures, A3:125

photomicrograph, A1:53; A3:124

sediments, A1:15; A3:41–43; A4:43–45

bacteria, ironoxidizing, photomicrograph, A4:128

bacterial cells, photomicrograph, A3:126–128; A4:127

barium

alteration, A3:31

basalt, A4:36–37

vs. depth, B2:14

vs. magnesium oxide, A1:65; A3:108; A4:113; B2:11

basalt

comparison of physical properties, logging, and geochemistry, B1:10

core property correlation, A4:58–59

geochemistry, A1:13–14; B2:18–19

lithology, A1:11–12, 48; A4:2–3

microbiology, B1:10–11

paleomagnetism, A1:14

petrography, A1:12–13; A4:29–36

petrology, A4:26–29

photograph, A4:95–96, 99–100, 103

photomicrograph, A4:104–107

physical properties, A1:15–16

welllogging, A1:16–17

basalt, holocrystalline, petrography, A4:29–36

basalt flows

ferrobasalt, B3:4–6

lithologic units, B1:7–8

basement

age, B2:17

comparison of physical properties, logging, and geochemistry, B1:10

drilling, A1:5

geochemistry, B1:8

petrography, A1:12–13

reflections, A1:17–18

bathymetry, observatories, A4:75

biostratigraphy

radiolarians, B4:1–25

Site 1223, A3:29–30

Site 1224, A4:40–41

bioturbation

lithologic units, A3:9

photograph, A3:63

borehole deviation logs, vs. depth, A4:146

borehole seismic installation, operations, A4:1–2

Bouma sequence Division D

lithologic units, A3:9

photograph, A3:57

breccia, palagonitized hyaloclastite, igneous units, A4:28

breccia, pebble, photograph, A3:69

broadband borehole seismometers

data, B5:1–63

installation, A1:10, 18; A4:9–10; B1:5–6

noise spectra, B1:23

spectrograms, B1:21–22

Brunhes Chron, magnetostratigraphy, A3:38–39

bulk density logs, vs. depth, A4:54, 149, 153; B1:30–31

burrows

lithologic units, A3:10–11

photograph, A3:67

sedimentology, A4:25

bytownite

mineral chemistry, B3:6–7

petrography, A4:30
C

calcite

ferrobasalt, B3:5

igneous units, A4:29

photograph, A3:59; A4:102

sediments, A1:14

vein paragenesis, A4:39

Xray diffraction data, A3:95; A4:38–39, 117

calcite cement

petrography, A4:35–36

photograph, A1:49; A4:101

calcium oxide

alteration, A3:31–32

provenance, A3:34

volcanic glass alteration, B2:13–14

vs. depth, B1:26; B2:13

vs. magnesium oxide, B1:43; B2:10

calcium oxide–aluminum oxide–potassium oxide diagram, volcaniclastics, A1:64; A3:106

caliper logs, vs. depth, A1:57; A4:146, 153; B1:30–31

carbonates, bacteria, A4:44

cavities

ferrobasalt, B3:5

petrography, A4:31

cavities, carbonatefilled

lithologic units, A3:11

photograph, A3:65

cementation, alteration, A3:22–27

Cenozoic

radiolarian intervals, B4:3–4

radiolarians, B4:1–25

chert, reflections, A1:17–18

chlorite, photomicrograph, A3:82, 91

chrome spinel, geochemistry, A3:30–31

chromium

vs. depth, B1:28; B2:14

vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16

vs. magnesium oxide, B2:11

Chron C1n

biostratigraphy, A3:30

magnetostratigraphy, A3:38–39

sedimentation rates, A3:39

Chron C1r2r, biostratigraphy, B4:6

Chron C2n, biostratigraphy, A3:30; B4:6

Chron C2r

biostratigraphy, A3:30

magnetostratigraphy, A3:38–39

Chron C2r.1n, magnetostratigraphy, A3:38–39

Chron C17n, biostratigraphy, A4:40

Chron C20n, biostratigraphy, A4:40

Chron C20r/C21n boundary, biostratigraphy, A4:41

clasts, anhedral olivine, photomicrograph, A3:93

clasts, carbonate, lithologic units, A3:15

clasts, claystone, lithologic units, A3:15

clasts, lithic

lithologic units, A3:13

photograph, A3:73, 75

clasts, olivine

lithologic units, A1:23; A3:15–19

photomicrograph, A3:84

clasts, ripup, photograph, A3:66

clay

alteration, A3:22–25

geochemistry, A3:30–35

lithologic units, A1:23–30

photomicrograph, A3:98–101

sediments, A1:14

See also red clay province

clay, aluminous detrital, provenance, A3:33–34

clay, massive, sedimentology, A4:25

clay, massive darkbrown

lithologic units, A3:9

photograph, A3:59–60

clay, yellowish brown, photograph, A3:56, 118

clay minerals

petrography, A4:30

photomicrograph, A3:82

volcanic glass alteration, B2:13–14

clay rims, photomicrograph, A3:86

claystone

petrography, A3:15–16

photomicrograph, A3:102

claystone, bioturbated

lithologic units, A3:10–11

photograph, A3:63

claystone, volcaniclastic

lithologic units, A3:11–12

photograph, A3:67

claystone, volcaniclastic silty

lithologic units, A3:11–14

photograph, A3:66, 68–69, 72–74, 102, 121–123

photomicrograph, A3:80, 103

clinopyroxene

composition and structural formulas, B3:29–31

ferrobasalt, B3:3–6, 21

mineral chemistry, B3:7

petrography, A4:30–36

photomicrograph, A3:88; A4:106–108

clinopyroxene, anhedral

lithologic units, A3:15–19

photomicrograph, A4:105

clinopyroxene, euhedral, photomicrograph, A3:85; A4:104

clinopyroxene groundmass, core composition, B2:15

cobalt

vs. depth, B2:14

vs. magnesium oxide, B2:11

coccoliths

eolian sediments, A4:24–25

photomicrograph, A1:47; A4:93

compressional wave velocity

lithologic units, A3:44–45; A4:46–49; B1:32

sediments, A3:158

vs. bulk density, A4:139, 144–145

vs. depth, A1:55; A4:134, 138, 154–155; B1:33, 35

vs. porosity, A4:139, 144–145

compressional wave velocity from the monopole source logs, vs. depth, A4:53, 149; B1:30

compressional wave velocity, sensor, lithologic units, A4:178

cooling units, alteration, A4:173–174

cores, correlation, A4:10

correlation

cores, A4:10

properties, A4:57–59

cross bedding

lithologic units, A3:11

photograph, A3:63

crust, geology, A1:3–4

crust, oceanic, shallow seismic structure, B7:1–21

crust, upper, fivelayer structure, B7:1–21

crystallization, basalt, B2:14
D

deep induction resistivity logs, vs. depth, A1:56; A4:147

deepsource experiment. See subseafloor reflections, 3.5kHz

demagnetization

basalt, A4:42

vector plots, A3:115

demagnetization, alternatingfield

basalt, A4:125–126

splitcore intervals, A3:35–37, 110–111, 113–114

dendrites, plagioclase, photomicrograph, A4:105

density

bulk density vs. gammaray attenuated bulk density, A3:132

lithologic units, A3:44; A4:46–48, 176

sediments, A3:157

vs. depth, A4:134, 137, 142–143; B1:33

density, bulk

vs. compressional wave velocity, A4:139, 144–145

vs. depth, A3:131; A4:133

vs. velocity, A3:134

density, dry, vs. depth, A3:131; A4:133

density, gammaray attenuated bulk

lithologic units, A3:43

vs. depth, A3:129; A4:132, 136, 140–141; B1:41

vs. velocity, A4:135

density, grain, vs. depth, A3:131; A4:133, 142–143

density logs. See bulk density logs

density logs, gammaray attenuated bulk, vs. depth, A1:57; B7:11

detrital component, geochemistry, A3:30–34

diachroneity, radiolarians, B4:5–6

diagenesis, geochemistry, A3:30–34

differential pressure, vs. velocity, B1:34

discoasters

eolian sediments, A4:24–25

photomicrograph, A1:47; A4:92–93

disturbed zone

drilling, A3:147

geology, A1:3–4

photograph, A3:74

downhole measurements, A4:49–55

drilling effects, seismic data, A4:62
E

earthquakes

Hawaii2 Observatory, A4:160–164

seismic data, A4:61–62

echo sounder, reflections, A1:18; A3:135–138; A4:68–74, 83–88; B6:1–17

Eocene

biostratigraphy, B4:8

ferrobasalt, B3:1–36

Eocene, lower, biostratigraphy, A3:29–30

Eocene, middle, biostratigraphy, A4:40–41

eolian sediments, sedimentology, A4:24–25

erosional contacts, photograph, A3:58, 63, 66–67

exsolution, photomicrograph, A3:101
F

Farallon plate, geology, A1:3–4

ferrobasalt

mineral chemistry, B3:1–36

petrography, B3:3–6

fluid flow, alteration, A3:27–29

Formation MicroScanner imagery, vs. depth, A4:52–53, 148

fracture zones, geology, A1:3–4

fractures

igneous units, A4:29

photograph, A4:98–99, 102

photomicrograph, A4:106

See also microfractures

fungal hyphae, photomicrograph, A1:54; A4:129–131; B1:39
G

gabbro clots, photomicrograph, A4:107

gammaray logs, vs. depth, A4:54, 150; B1:30

gamma rays

lithologic units, A3:44

vs. depth, A3:129; A4:132, 136, 140–141

gas pipe structures

lithologic units, A3:10

photograph, A3:62; A4:96

photomicrograph, A4:96

geochemistry

basement, B1:8

lithologic units, A1:23

Site 1223, A3:30–34

Site 1224, A4:4–6, 36–40; B1:44

geology, Hawaii2 Observatory, A1:3–4

geothermometry, magmas, B3:9

glass shards

alteration, A3:22–25

lithologic units, A1:28–30; A3:10, 15–19

petrography, A4:35–36

photomicrograph, A3:82, 86, 100; A4:108

provenance, A3:33–34

glass shards, altered, photomicrograph, A3:89–94

glass shards, palagonitic basaltic, photomicrograph, A3:98

glass shards, vesicular altered, photomicrograph, A3:90, 98

glomerocrysts, photomicrograph, A4:104

granules

lithologic units, A3:15–19

photograph, A3:58–59, 69

photomicrograph, A3:82

sedimentology, A4:25

Xray diffraction data, A3:19–20, 95

granules, claystone, photomicrograph, A3:79

groundmass, petrography, A4:29–36
H

H2O. See Hawaii2 Observatory

halos

basalt, A4:28–30

iron oxide, B2:13

petrography, A4:33–36

photograph, A4:97, 100, 103

See also oxidation halos

Hawaii2 Observatory

data, B5:1–63

geology, A1:3–4

location, A4:76

operations, A1:2–20, 36–37, 41–46; A4:68–74, 77, 156–157

synthesis, B1:1–44

tectonics, B1:3

Hawaiian Arch, seismic reflection, B1:20

hematite. See ilmenitehematite solid solution

hyaloclastite

igneous units, A4:29

photograph, A1:49; A4:101

photomicrograph, A4:106, 108

hyaloclastite flows, petrography, A4:33

hydration, volcanic glass, B2:13–14

hydrothermal alteration

basalt crystallization, B2:14

sediments, A1:21–22
I

iddingsitization, olivine, B3:3

igneous units

petrology, A4:26–29

Unit 1, A4:27–28

Unit 2, A4:28–29

Unit 3, A4:29

illite

vein mineral assemblages, A4:40

Xray diffraction data, A4:38, 116

ilmenite

alteration effects, B2:12

mineral chemistry, B3:7

photomicrograph, A4:96, 104

ilmenitehematite solid solution, ferrobasalt, B3:3–6

impedance logs, vs. twoway traveltime, B1:36

inclusions, Xray diffraction data, A3:20, 96

intergrowths

mineral chemistry, B3:8, 36

origin, B3:10

photomicrograph, A4:104–105, 107; B3:24

intergrowths, microlitic, petrography, A4:31

intergrowths, myrmekitic, mineral chemistry, B3:10

Interval A, radiolarian intervals, B4:3–8

Interval B, radiolarian intervals, B4:3–8

Interval C, radiolarian intervals, B4:3–8

Interval D, radiolarian intervals, B4:3–8

inverse transfer functions, broadband seismometer, B5:10

iron, oxidation and bacteria, A4:45

iron, total, magnesium oxide–aluminum oxide–iron oxide diagram, A1:64; A3:106

iron oxide

alteration, A3:31

alteration effects, B2:13

photomicrograph, A3:101; A4:131

vs. aluminum oxide, A1:63; A3:107

vs. depth, B1:26; B2:13

vs. magnesium oxide, B2:10

vs. silica, B3:25

See also magnesium oxide–aluminum oxide–iron oxide diagram

iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio

vs. depth, B1:26; B2:13

vs. magnesium oxide, B2:10

vs. major elements, B2:16

vs. niobium/zirconium ratio, B2:16

vs. rubidium/strontium ratio, B2:16

vs. trace elements, B2:16

vs. zirconium/yttrium ratio, B2:16

iron oxide–titanium oxide–iron oxide ternary diagram, ferrobasalt, B3:22

iron oxyhydroxide

basalt, A4:28–30

basalt crystallization, B2:14

photograph, A4:98, 102

vein paragenesis, A4:39
K

kaolinite, lithologic units, A3:13

kink bands

photomicrograph, A3:84, 101

vitric tuff, A1:21

Koolau Volcano, geology, A1:20; B1:4
L

laminations

lithologic units, A3:10–11, 13

photograph, A3:63

landslides

blast eruptions, A1:62; A3:104

geology, A1:20; B1:3–4

laumontite, Xray diffraction data, A4:38, 116

lava flows

igneous units, A4:26–29

lithologic units, B1:7–8

photomicrograph, A4:104

lithic fragments, lithologic units, A3:15–19

lithologic units

age, A3:155

Site 1223, A1:61; A3:3–4, 8–29, 55, 141–142; B1:40

Site 1224, B1:7–8; B2:8

Unit 1, A3:8–9

Unit 2, A3:9

Unit 3, A3:9

Unit 4, A3:9–10

Unit 5, A3:10

Unit 6, A3:10–11

Unit 7, A3:11

Unit 8, A3:11

Unit 9, A3:11–12

Unit 10, A3:12

Unit 11A, A3:12

Unit 11B, A3:12–13

Unit 12, A3:13

Unit 13, A3:13

Unit 14, A3:13–14

Unit L1, B1:7

Unit L2, B1:7

Unit L3, B1:7–8

lithology

Site 1223, A3:3–4, 8–29, 55

Site 1224, A4:2–3, 24–36, 94; B1:25, 44; B3:19

summary, A1:11–12, 22–30

turbidite, A1:21–30

lithostratigraphy, welllogging, A4:54–55

loss on ignition

vs. depth, A4:111; B2:3

vs. potassium oxide, A3:105

vs. water, B2:9
M

magmas, evolution, B3:9–12

magmas, tholeiitic, mineral chemistry, B3:11–12

magnesium number, clinopyroxene groundmass, B2:15

magnesium oxide

alteration, A3:31

basalt, A4:36–37

basement, B2:3

provenance, A3:34

volcanic glass alteration, B2:13–14

vs. barium, A1:65; A3:108; A4:113

vs. calcium oxide, B1:43

vs. depth, B1:26; B2:13

vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16

vs. major elements, B2:10

vs. potassium oxide, A4:112

vs. silica, A1:65; A3:108; B1:43

vs. sum of oxides, B3:23

vs. titanium oxide, A4:109; B3:26

vs. trace elements, B2:11

vs. zirconium, A1:65; A3:108

See also iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio

magnesium oxide–aluminum oxide–iron oxide diagram, total iron, A1:64; A3:106

magnetic anomalies, vs. age, A4:78

magnetic declination, vs. depth, A3:109, 117; A4:123

magnetic field logs, vs. depth, A4:51, 146

magnetic inclination, vs. depth, A3:37, 109, 112, 117; A4:123–124

magnetic intensity, vs. depth, A3:109, 117; A4:123–124

magnetic polarity, magnetostratigraphy, A3:38–39

magnetic susceptibility

lithologic units, A3:43

vs. depth, A3:109, 129; A4:123, 132, 136, 140–141

magnetite

alteration effects, B2:12

See also ulvöspinelmagnetite solid solution

magnetostratigraphy

volcaniclastics, A3:38–39

vs. depth, A3:112, 117, 154

major elements

basalt, B2:18–19

lithologic units, A1:28–30

sediments, A3:146

vs. depth, B1:26–28; B2:3–4

vs. magnesium oxide, B2:10

micrite

ferrobasalt, B3:5

lithologic units, A3:15

microbiology

basalt, B1:10–11

sediments, A1:15

Site 1223, A3:39–43

Site 1224, A4:6–7, 43–45

microfractures

basalt, A4:28

photograph, A4:97

microphenocrysts

petrography, A4:30

photomicrograph, A4:107

mineral assemblages, veins, A4:39–40

mineral chemistry, ferrobasalt, B3:6–8

Molokai Fracture Zone, geology, A1:3–4; B1:3

montmorillonite, Xray diffraction data, A3:95–96; A4:116, 118

Moonless Mountains, geology, A1:3–4

Murray Fracture Zone, geology, A1:3–4; B1:3

myrmekite

composition, B3:36

quartz, B3:25
N

Neogene, biostratigraphy, B4:1–9

neutron porosity logs, vs. depth, A1:57; A4:149, 153; B1:30–31; B7:11

nickel

vs. depth, B2:14

vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16

vs. magnesium oxide, B2:11

niobium

basement, B2:3

vs. depth, B1:28; B2:14

vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16

See also zirconium/niobium ratio

niobium/zirconium ratio, vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16

noise spectra

broadband borehole seismometers, B1:23

subseafloor reflections, B1:5–6

nontronite, petrography, A4:31

nonvolcanics, lithologic units, A3:14–19

nucleic acids, photomicrograph, A3:124

Nuuanu Landslide

drilling, A1:1–2, 20–30

location, A1:60; A3:54; B1:19

synthesis, B1:1–44

tectonics, B1:3–4
O

Oahu, drilling, A1:1–3

Ocean Seismic Network (OSN1)

location, A4:89

spectra, A1:39–40

ocean seismic networks, operations, A1:4–5; A4:89–91

olivine

alteration, A3:24–27

iddingsitization, B3:3

lithologic units, A3:10, 15–19

microphenocryst composition, B3:32

mineral chemistry, B3:7

photomicrograph, A3:82, 100–101

vitric tuff, A1:21

olivine, euhedral, photomicrograph, A3:83; A4:107

olivine, euhedral skeletal, photomicrograph, A3:94

olivine, skeletal, photomicrograph, A3:83

opalA, biostratigraphy, B4:7–8

opalCT

biostratigraphy, B4:7–8

radiolarian intervals, B4:4

sediments, A3:29

opaque minerals

alteration effects, B3:12–13

composition, B3:33–34

ferrobasalt, B3:3–6, 22

mineral chemistry, B3:7–8

petrography, A4:30–36

photomicrograph, A3:88

OSN1. See Ocean Seismic Network (OSN–1)

oxidation halos, photograph, A4:97

oxides, lithologic units, A1:28–30
P

Pacific Ocean E, shallow seismic structure, B7:1–21

Pacific Ocean NE, geology, A1:3–4

Pacific plate, geology, A1:3–4

palagonite

alteration, A3:22–27

composition, B3:35

lithologic units, A3:12–13, 15–19

photomicrograph, A4:106

volcanic glass alteration, B2:13–14

palagonite rims, photomicrograph, A3:92, 94, 98–99; A4:106, 108

palagonitization

alteration, A3:22–27

ferrobasalt, B3:4–6

mineral chemistry, B3:8

Paleogene, biostratigraphy, B4:4–5

paleomagnetism

discrete samples, A3:37–38, 153

Site 1223, A3:34–39, 148–150

Site 1224, A4:6, 41–42

summary, A1:14

paragenesis, vein deposits, A4:39

paragonite

lithologic units, A3:13

sediments, A1:21–22

Xray diffraction data, A3:97

passing ships, seismic data, A4:62

pebbles, clayey

sedimentology, A4:25

Xray diffraction data, A4:39, 121

petrogenesis, lithologic units, A1:28–30

petrography

alteration, A3:22–25

basement, A1:12–13; A4:3–4

ferrobasalt, B3:3–6

igneous units, A4:29–36

lithologic units, A3:14–19, 143

phenocrysts

ferrobasalt, B3:4–6

petrography, A4:31

See also microphenocrysts

phillipsite

photograph, A3:58

sediments, A1:14

vein mineral assemblages, A4:39–40

Xray diffraction data, A3:95, 97; A4:38–39, 118, 121

phosphorus oxide, alteration, A3:31–32

physical properties

basalt, A1:15–16

Site 1223, A3:43–45

Site 1224, A4:7–8, 45–49; B1:8–10, 44

pillow lava, petrography, A4:29–36

pillow rims

petrography, A4:29, 34

photomicrograph, A4:107

plagioclase

composition and structural formulas, B3:27–28

ferrobasalt, B3:3–6, 20

mineral chemistry, B3:6–7

petrography, A4:30–36

photomicrograph, A3:82, 88; A4:106, 108

See also bytownite; quartzsolid plagioclase intergrowth

plagioclase, acicular, photomicrograph, A4:104–105, 107

plagioclase, "bowtie," photomicrograph, A3:87

plagioclase, skeletal, photomicrograph, A3:87

plagioclase, spherulitic, photomicrograph, A4:104

plagioclase, subhedral, lithologic units, A3:15–19

plagioclase, tabular, photomicrograph, A4:104

plagiogranite, origin, B3:10

Pliocene, upper, lithologic units, A3:12

porosity

sediments, A3:157

vs. compressional wave velocity, A4:139, 144–145

vs. depth, A3:131; A4:133, 137, 142–143; B1:33

vs. velocity, A3:134

porosity logs. See neutron porosity logs

potassium logs, vs. depth, A4:54, 150

potassium oxide

alteration, A3:31

basalt, A4:36–37; B2:3

vs. depth, B1:26

vs. loss on ignition, A3:105

vs. magnesium oxide, A4:112; B2:10

vs. sum of oxides, B3:23

vs. water, B2:9

See also calcium oxide–aluminum oxide–potassium oxide diagram

power spectral density

broadband seismometer, B5:11–13

RMS levels, B5:4, 20–62

preservation

discoasters, A4:24

radiolarian intervals, B4:3–4

protoliths, lithologic units, A3:22

provenance

lithologic units, A1:28–30

volcaniclastics, A3:32–34

pyrite crystals, petrography, A4:31

pyroclastic flows

alteration, A3:27–29

lithologic units, A1:23–30
Q

quartz

mineral chemistry, B3:8

myrmekite, B3:25

sediments, A1:14

Xray diffraction data, A4:38, 119

quartzalkali feldspar intergrowth, photomicrograph, B3:24

quartzsolid plagioclase intergrowth

mineral chemistry, B3:8

origin, B3:9–12

quench texture, photomicrograph, A4:106–107
R

radiolarian fillings

alteration, A3:25

photomicrograph, A3:102–103

radiolarians

biostratigraphy, B4:1–25

reworking, A3:29–30

sedimentology, A4:25

vs. depth, A4:152

recrystallization

lithologic units, A3:22–25

photomicrograph, A3:102

radiolarian intervals, B4:4

red clay province, reflections, A1:17–18

reflection surveys, 3.5kHz experiment, A1:17–18, 58–59

See also echo sounder; subseafloor reflections

reflection surveys, 4kHz, drilling hole, B6:1–17

reflections

drilling, B1:4

echo sounder, A1:38; A3:45–48; B1:37–38

red clay province, A1:17–18

remanent magnetization, anhysteretic, discrete samples, A3:151

remanent magnetization, characteristic

cores, A3:35–36

discrete samples, A3:37–38

remanent magnetization, isothermal

acquisition curves, A3:35–36, 116

discrete samples, A3:152

remanent magnetization, natural, discrete samples, A3:37–38

resistivity logs

vs. depth, A1:56–57; A4:52–53, 153; B1:31

See also deep induction resistivity logs; spherically focused resistivity logs

rubidium

vs. depth, B2:14

vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16

vs. magnesium oxide, B2:11

vs. strontium, B2:12

rubidium/strontium ratio, vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16
S

sand, photomicrograph, A3:77

sand, black

lithologic units, A3:9–10

photograph, A3:119

sand, volcanic, photomicrograph, A3:79

saponite, Xray diffraction data, A3:20, 96; A4:116, 120

scandium, alteration, A3:31

seafloor spreading, crust, A1:5

sea state, seismic data, A4:60

secondary minerals

basement, A1:51–52; A4:114–115; B1:8

igneous units, A4:29

photomicrograph, A3:102

Xray diffraction data, A4:37–39

sediment resonance, seismic data, A4:60–61

sedimentation, lithologic units, A1:23–30

sedimentation rates, magnetostratigraphy, A3:39

sedimentology, pelagic clay, A4:24–25

sediments

core property correlation, A4:57–58

lithology, A1:11–12; A4:2, 122

sediments, unconsolidated, petrography, A3:14–15

seismic profiles

Site 1223, A1:60; A3:54; B1:24

Site 1224, A4:68

seismic results, Pacific plate, A4:59–63

seismic signature, deep sources, B1:6

seismic structure, shallow, ocean crust, B7:1–21

seismic traces, Pacific plate, B7:13–14

seismograms, synthetic

data processing, B7:17–22

vs. depth, B7:15

vs. twoway traveltime, B1:36; B7:16

shear wave velocity, vs. depth, B1:33

shear wave velocity logs, vs. depth, A4:149; B1:30

silica

alteration, A3:31

basement, B2:3

discriminant diagrams, A1:63

vs. aluminum oxide, A1:63; A3:107

vs. depth, B1:26; B2:13

vs. iron oxide, B3:25

vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16

vs. magnesium oxide, A1:65; A3:108; B1:43; B2:10

vs. sum of oxides, B3:23

silt, volcaniclastic, lithologic units, A3:11

siltstone, clayey, photograph, A3:76

siltstone, petrography, A3:15–16

siltstone, volcaniclastic clayey, photograph, A3:75

siltstone, volcaniclastic sandy

lithologic units, A3:11

photograph, A3:64–65

Site 1223, A3:1–159

3.5kHz subseafloor reflections, A3:55–56

background and objectives, A3:5–6

biostratigraphy, A3:29–30

Cenozoic radiolarians, B4:1–25

coring summary, A1:72; A3:139–140

drilling and seismic reflection, B1:4–5

geochemistry, A3:30–34

lithology, A3:8–29

location, A1:60; A3:54

microbiology, A3:39–43

operations, A3:6–8

paleomagnetism, A3:34–39

physical properties, A3:43–45

preliminary results, A3:1–5

site description, A3:1–159

synthesis, Pacific plate, B1:1–44

tectonics, B1:3–4

Site 1224, A4:1–178

3.5kHz subseafloor reflections, A4:45–48

background and objectives, A4:10–15

basement petrology and geochemistry, B2:1–19

biostratigraphy, A4:40–41

broadband seismic observatories, B5:1–63

core, physical properties, logging, and seismic correlation, A4:57–59

coring summary, A1:69–71; A4:165–169

downhole measurements, A4:49–55; B1:44

drilling and seismic reflection, B1:4

Eocene ferrobasalt, B3:1–36

geochemistry, A4:36–40; B1:44

lithology, A4:24–36; B1:44

microbiology, A4:43–45

operations, A4:16–24, 170–172

paleomagnetism, A4:41–42

physical properties, A4:45–49; B1:44

preliminary results, A4:1–10

seismic results, A4:59–63

shallow seismic structure, B7:1–21

site description, A4:1–178

synthesis, Pacific plate, B1:1–44

tectonics, B1:3

smear slides, distribution, B4:20–25

smectite

vein mineral assemblages, A4:39–40

vein paragenesis, A4:39

Xray diffraction data, A4:38–39, 116, 119–120

sodium oxide

alteration, A3:31–32

volcanic glass alteration, B2:13

vs. depth, B1:26; B2:13

vs. magnesium oxide, B2:10

sonic logs, lithologic units, A4:53

spectrograms, broadband seismometer, B5:3–4, 14–19

spherically focused resistivity logs, vs. depth, A1:56; A4:147

spherulites

lithologic units, A3:10

petrography, A4:30–36

photomicrograph, A3:98; A4:106–108

spherulites, "bowtie" plagioclase, photomicrograph, A3:87

spinel

mineral chemistry, B3:7–8

See also chrome spinel; ulvöspinel

spontaneous potential logs, vs. depth, A1:56; A4:147

stain bands

igneous units, A4:29

photomicrograph, A3:101

strontium

vs. depth, B2:14

vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16

vs. magnesium oxide, B2:11

vs. rubidium, B2:12

See also rubidium/strontium ratio

structures, "atolllike," photomicrograph, A3:89

subseafloor reflections, 3.5kHz

data, A3:45–48

experiment, A1:17–18, 58–59; A4:8–9, 55–56, 151; B1:5–6

See also echo sounder; reflection surveys

subseafloor reflections, 4kHz, amplitude, B6:17

sulfide globules, petrography, A4:32
T

tectonics

Hawaii2 Observatory, B1:3

Nuuanu Landslide, B1:3–4

temperature logs, vs. depth, A1:56; A4:51–52, 147; B1:30

textures, petrography, A4:29–36

thermal conductivity

lithologic units, A3:44; A4:46–48, 177

sediments, A3:156

vs. depth, A3:130; A4:134, 137, 143

thomsonite, Xray diffraction data, A3:97

thorium logs

basalt, A1:17

vs. depth, A4:150

titanium oxide

basalt, A1:13–14; A4:36–37

vs. depth, A1:50; A4:110; B1:26–27; B2:13

vs. magnesium oxide, A4:109; B2:10; B3:26

vs. sum of oxides, B3:23

See also iron oxide–titanium oxide–iron oxide ternary diagram

titanomagnetite

alteration, A3:25

alteration effects, B3:12

mineral chemistry, B3:7–8

petrography, A4:32

photomicrograph, A4:96

titanomagnetite, euhedral, photomicrograph, A4:105

titanomagnetite, skeletal, photomicrograph, A4:104

trace elements

basalt, B2:18–19

basement, B2:3–4

vs. magnesium oxide, B2:11

transfer functions

spectrograms, B5:2–3

See also inverse transfer functions

tuff, altered palagonitized crystal vitric

lithologic units, A3:12

photograph, A3:70–71, 122–123

tuff, crystal vitric

alteration, A3:24–29

lithologic units, A1:28–30; A3:10

lithology, A1:21–30

petrography, A3:16–19

photograph, A3:61–63

photomicrograph, A3:82–95, 98

tuff, palagonitized crystal vitric

lithologic units, A3:12–13

photomicrograph, A3:98–101

Xray diffraction data, A3:96

turbidite

lithology, A1:21–30

photomicrograph, A3:77–79

Xray diffraction data, A3:19–20, 144

turbidite, volcaniclastic

lithologic units, A3:8–9

photograph, A3:56–60, 120

Tuscaloosa Seamount, geology, A1:20; B1:3
U

ulvöspinel, alteration effects, B3:12

ulvöspinelmagnetite solid solution, ferrobasalt, B3:3–6

uranium logs

basalt, A1:17

vs. depth, A4:150
V

vanadium, alteration, A3:31

veinlets, Xray diffraction data, A3:97

veins

basement, A1:51–52; A4:114–115

mineral assemblages, A4:39–40

paragenesis, A4:39

petrography, A4:32–33

photograph, A4:98, 103

photomicrograph, A3:102–103

Xray diffraction data, A4:37–39, 116–120

veins, calcite/smectite, Xray diffraction data, A4:39

veins, carbonate, Xray diffraction data, A4:38

veins, clay, Xray diffraction data, A4:38

veins, zeolite, Xray diffraction data, A4:38

velocity

vs. bulk density, A3:134

vs. depth, A3:133; B1:42

vs. differential pressure, B1:34

vs. gammaray attenuation bulk density, A4:135

vs. porosity, A3:134

velocity logs, lithologic units, A4:53; B7:11

vesicles

igneous units, A4:29

photograph, A4:100

photomicrograph, A3:98, 100

vesicles, calcitefilled, photograph, A4:95

vesicles, claylined, photograph, A4:95

vesicles, segregation

petrography, A4:31, 34

photomicrograph, A4:104

vesicularity, petrography, A4:32

vitric fragments, lithologic units, A3:15–19

volcanic glass

alteration effects, B3:13–14

composition, B3:35

lithologic units, A1:23–30

mineral chemistry, B3:8

petrography, A4:29–36

volcanic glass, devitrified, photomicrograph, A4:105

volcanic glass, palagonitized

photograph, A4:101

photomicrograph, A3:83, 90–94, 98

volcaniclastics

calcium oxide–aluminum oxide–potassium oxide diagram, A1:64; A3:106

lithologic units, A1:23–30

volcanics, lithologic units, A3:14–19

vug fillings, Xray diffraction data, A3:20–21, 97

vugs, lithologic units, A3:13

vugs, anhydritefilled

photograph, A3:72

photomicrograph, A3:80–81, 102
W

wairakite

alteration, A3:25

lithologic units, A3:13

sediments, A1:21–22

Xray diffraction data, A3:20, 97

water content

lithologic units, A3:44; A4:46–48, 176

sediments, A3:157

water guns

relation to whale songs, A4:159

seismic data, A4:61

weathering, geochemistry, A3:31

welllogging, basalt, A1:16–17; A4:9; B1:8–10, 44

whale songs

Hawaii2 Observatory, A4:158–159

seismic data, A4:61
X

Xray diffraction data

lithologic units, A3:19–21; A4:37–39

minerals, A3:145; A4:175

secondary minerals, A4:37–39

turbidite, A3:144
Y

yttrium

basement, B2:3–4

vs. depth, B1:28; B2:14

vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16

vs. magnesium oxide, B2:11

vs. zirconium, B1:29; B2:12

See also zirconium/yttrium ratio

yttrium/zirconium ratio, vs. depth, B2:14
Z

zeolites

alteration, A3:22–25

composition, B3:36

geochemistry, A3:30–35

lithologic units, A3:10

photomicrograph, A3:98–103

sediments, A1:14

Xray diffraction data, A4:118, 121

zirconium

basalt, A1:13–14; A4:36–37

basement, B2:3–4

provenance, A3:33–34

vs. depth, A1:50; A4:110; B1:28; B2:14

vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16

vs. magnesium oxide, A1:65; A3:108; B2:11

vs. yttrium, B1:29; B2:12

See also niobium/zirconium ratio; yttrium/zirconium ratio

zirconium/niobium ratio, basalt, B2:4

zirconium/yttrium ratio, vs. iron oxide/magnesium oxide ratio, B2:16