Leg 172 Scientific Report


Borowski, W.S., Paull, C.K., and Ussler, W., III., 1996a. Marine pore water sulfate profiles indicate in situ methane flux from underlying gas hydrate. Geology, 24:655-658.

Borowski, W.S., Paull, C.K., and Ussler, W., III., 1996b. Carbon cycling at the base of the sulfate reduction zone. EOS Transactions American Geophysical Union, 77:S149.

Boyle, E.A., and Keigwin, L.D., 1987. North Atlantic thermohaline circulation during the past 20,000 years linked to high-latitude surface temperature. Nature, 330:35-40.

Carpenter, G., 1981. Coincident sediment slump/clathrate complexes on the U.S. Atlantic continental slope. Geo-Marine Letters, 1:29-32.

Dillon, W.P., Popenoe, P., Grow, J.A., Klitgord, K.D., Swift, B.A., Paull, C.K., and Cashman, K.V., 1982. Growth faulting and salt diapirism: their relationship and control in the Carolina Trough, Eastern North America. In Watkins, J.S., and Drake, C.L. (Eds), Studies of Continental Margin Geology, AAPG Mem., 34:21-46.

Flood, R.D., 1988. A lee wave model for deep-sea mud wave activity. Deep-Sea Res., 35:973 983.

Hathaway, J.C., 1972. Regional clay mineral facies in estuaries and continental margin of the United States East Coast. Mem.‹Geol. Soc. Am., 133:293-316.

Heezen, B.C., Hollister, C.D., and Ruddiman, W.F., 1966. Shaping of the Continental Rise by Deep Geostrophic Contour Currents. Science 152:502-508.

Keigwin, L.D., Curry, W.B., Lehman, S.J., and Johnsen, S., 1994. The role of the deep ocean in North Atlantic climate change between 70 and 130 kyr ago. Nature, 371:323 326.

Kvenvolden, K., 1988. Methane hydrate: A major reservoir of carbon in the shallow geosphere? Chemical Geology, 71:41-51.

Lancelot, Y., and Ewing, J.I., 1972. Correlation of natural gas zonation and carbonate diagenesis in Tertiary sediments from the north-west Atlantic. In Hollister, C.D., Ewing, J.I., et al., Init. Repts. DSDP, 11: Washington (U.S. Govt. Printing Office), 791-799.

Lehman, S.J., and Keigwin, L.D., 1992. Sudden changes in North Atlantic circulation during the last deglaciation. Nature, 356:757-762.

Matsumoto, R., 1983. Mineralogy and geochemistry of carbonate diagenesis of the Pliocene and Pleistocene hemipelagic mud on the Blake Outer Ridge, Site 533. In Sheridan, R.E., Gradstein, F.M., et al., Init. Repts. DSDP, 76: Washington (U. S. Govt. Printing Office), 411-427.

Nisbet, E.G., 1989. The end of the ice age. Canadian J. Earth Science, 27:148-157.

Oppo, D.W., and Fairbanks, R.G., 1987. Variability in the deep and intermediate water circulation of the Atlantic Ocean during the past 25,000 years: Northern Hemisphere modulation of the Southern Ocean. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 86:1 15.

Oppo, D.W., and Lehman, S.J., 1993. Mid-depth circulation of the subpolar North Atlantic during the last glacial maximum. Science, 259:1148 1152.

Paull, C. K., Buelow, W.J., Ussler, W., III, and Borowski, W.S., 1996. Increased continental margin slumping frequency during sea-level lowstands above gas hydrate-bearing sediments. Geology, 24:143-146.

Paull, C.K., Matsumoto, R., Wallace, P., et al., 1996. Proc. ODP, Init. Repts., 164: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program).

Paull, C.K., Ussler, W., III, and Dillon, W.P., 1991. Is the extent of glaciation limited by marine gas hydrates? J. Geophys. Res., 18:432-434.

Pickart, R.S., and Smethie, W.M., Jr., 1993. How does the deep western boundary undercurrent cross the Gulf Stream? Jour. Phys. Ocean, 23:2602-2616.

Popenoe, P., Schmuck, E.A., and Dillon, W.P., 1993. The Cape Fear Landslide: Slope failure associated with salt diapirism and gas hydrate decomposition. In Submarine Landslides: Selective Studies in the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 2002:40-53.

Sheridan, R.E., Gradstein, F.M., et al., 1983. Init. Repts. DSDP, 76: Washington (U.S. Govt. Printing Office).

Shipley, T.H., Houston, M.H., and Buffler, R.T., et al., 1979. Seismic reflection evidence for widespread occurrence of possible gas-hydrate horizons on continental slopes and rises. AAPG Bulletin, 63:2204-2213.

Tucholke, B.E., Bryan, G.M., and Ewing, J.I., 1977. Gas hydrate horizon detected in seismic reflection-profiler data from the western North Atlantic. AAPG Bulletin, 61:698-707.

To 172 Figure Captions

To 172 Table of Contents

ODP Publications

ODP Home