Technical Note 20/4



Balsam, W.L., 1982. Carbonate dissolution and sedimentation on the Mid-Atlantic continental margin. Science, 217:929-931.

Biscaye, P.E., and Eittreim, S.L., 1977. Suspended particulate loads and transports in the nepheloid layer of the abyssal Atlantic Ocean. Mar. Geol., 23:155-172.

Blumsack, S.L., and Weatherly, G.L., 1989. Observations of the nearby flow and a model for the growth of mud waves. Deep-Sea Res., 36:1327-1339.

Boyle, E.A., and Keigwin, L.D., 1987. North Atlantic thermohaline circulation during the past 20,000 years linked to high-latitude surface temperature. Nature, 330:35-40.

Curry, W.B., and Lohmann, G.P., 1983. Reduced advection into Atlantic Ocean deep eastern basins during last glaciation maximum. Nature, 306:577-580.

Flood, R.D., 1978. Studies of Deep-Sea Sedimentary Microtopology in the North Atlantic Ocean. Doctoral Thesis WHOI/MIT.

Flood, R.D., 1988. A lee wave model for deep-sea mud wave activity. Deep-Sea Res., 35:973-983.

Haskell, B.J., 1991. The influence of deep western North Atlantic circulation on Late Quaternary sedimentation on the Blake Outer Ridge. Ph.D. Thesis, Duke University, 72pp.

Haskell, B.J., Johnson, T.C., Lynch, E.L., Showers, W.J., 1991. Fluctuations in deep western North Atlantic circulation on the Blake Outer Ridge during the last deglaciation. Paleoceanography, 6:21-31.

Heezen, B.C., Hollister, C.D., and Ruddiman, W.F., 1966. Shaping of the Continental Rise by Deep Geostrophic Contour Currents. Science 152:502-508.

Hogg, N.G. 1983. A Note on the Deep Circulation of the Western North Atlantic: Its Nature and Causes. Deep Sea Res., 9A:945-961.

Johnson, T.C., Lynch, E.L., Showers, W.J., and Palczuk, N.C., 1988. Pleistocene fluctuations in the western boundary undercurrent on the Blake Outer Ridge. Paleoceanography, 3:191-207.

Keigwin, L.D., and Jones, G.A., 1989. Glacial-Holocene stratigraphy, chronology and some paleoceanographic observations on some North Atlantic sediment drifts. Deep-Sea Res., 36:845-867.

Keigwin, L.D., Jones, G.A., Lehman, S.J., and Boyle, E.A., 1991. Deglaciation meltwater discharge, North Atlantic deep circulation and abrupt climate change. Jour. Geophys. Res., 96:16,811-16,826.

Kidd, R.B., and Hill, P.R., 1987. Sedimentation on Feni and Gardar sediment drifts. In Ruddiman, W.F., Kidd, R.B., et al., Init. Repts. DSDP, 94 (Pt. 2): Washington (U.S. Govt. Printing Office), 1217-1244.

Laine, E.P., and Hollister, C.D., 1981. Geological effects of the Gulf Stream system on the northern Bermuda Rise. Mar. Geol., 39:277-310.

Lehman, S.J., and Keigwin, L.D., 1992. Sudden changes in North Atlantic circulation during the last deglaciation. Nature, 356:757-762.

Lonsdale, P., 1982. Sediment drifts of the Northeast Atlantic and their relationship to the observed abyssal currents. Bull. Inst. Geol. Bassin d'Aquitain, Bordeaux, 31:141-149.

Manley, P.L., and Flood, R.D., 1992. Paleoflow history determined from mudwave migration: Argentine Basin. Deep-Sea Res., 40:1033-1055.

Markl, R.G., and Bryan, G.M., 1983. Stratigraphic evolution of Blake Outer Ridge. AAPG. 67:666-683.

McCave, I.N., and Swift, S.A., 1976. A physical model for the rate of deposition of fine-grained sediments in the deep sea. Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., 87:541-546.

McCave, I.,N., and Tucholke, B.E., 1986. Deep current-controlled sedimentation in the western North Atlantic. In Vogt, P. R.,and Tucholke,B., (Eds.), The Western North Atlantic Region, pp. 451-468 Geological Soc. of America.

Oppo, D.W., and Fairbanks, R.G., 1987. Variability in the deep and intermediate water circulation of the Atlantic Ocean during the past 25,000 years: Northern Hemisphere modulation of the Southern Ocean. Earth and Planet. Sci. Lett., 86:1-15.

Slowey, N.C., 1990. The modern and glacial thermoclines along the Bahama Banks, WHOI-MIT Joint Program in Oceanog., Ph.D. Thesis.

Stommel, H., 1958. The abyssal circulation. Deep-Sea Res., 5:80-82.

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