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Technical Note User Guide

This guide contains helpful hints and shortcuts that will allow you to use this World Wide Web publication more efficiently.

Viewing Technical Note Files

This Technical Note is available in two formats. The HTML format version is intended for online viewing, and the PDF version should be used to generate a printed copy of a chapter or to view higher resolution graphics. (PDF files may be slow to load online.)

HTML Format
To open the HTML version of any report, select either the "HTML" format link or the title listed in the Contents frame on the left side of the screen.

Each Technical Note is built from a group of linked HTML files. Size permitting, all of the text under each major section is in an individual file, and each table or figure is in an individual file. Figure and Table files are accessible from in-text callouts and/or from the thumbnail frame on the right side of the screen.

PDF Format
Acrobat PDF files can be viewed on screen with a browser such as Netscape or Internet Explorer using the appropriate PDF plug-in. To install Adobe Acrobat on your system, see "Installing Acrobat Reader."

To open the PDF version of any chapter, select the "PDF" format link.

PDF files can be viewed online and printed to a local printer. They can also be saved to a local system for viewing, copying, or printing. Large files may be slow to download. To maintain links between downloaded files, all files must be saved to your system using the same directory structure as on the Web.

HTML Hints and Shortcuts

This Technical Note has been prepared in a multi-frame format. The left frame lists the contents and allows the reader to navigate from section to section. The middle frame contains the text. The right frame lists abbreviated figure and/or table captions, contains thumbnail versions of figures, and has links to full-size figures and/or tables. The top frame provides links to other Technical Notes.

All links are highlighted in blue on screen and are in bold type. Links go to chapter footnotes, other sections within a report, figures and tables.

Figure And Table Navigation Bars
All figures and tables display in new windows. The navigation bars can be used for viewing subsequent pages of a multipart figure or table, for viewing table notes, or for closing the windows.

Large Tables
Some large tables that are difficult to view online are not reproduced in HTML format. Callouts for these materials link to separate PDF files containing full-format tables that are easier to print and view.

Acrobat Hints and Shortcuts

Installing Acrobat Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader or Acrobat are required to access Acrobat PDF files. The free Reader can be downloaded from the Adobe Web site ( It is also included on all Ocean Drilling Program Proceedings CD-ROMs (see "Availability and Pricing Information").

Page View
All volume chapters have been set to the Fit in Window format. The type is small at this size. To optimize the type size for your screen, click the Hand Tool hand, drag the cursor into the text area, and when it turns into a hand image with a down arrow, click the mouse. The document will enlarge to fill the viewing area. To scroll through the document at this magnification, continue to click the mouse with the cursor at the bottom of the screen or press Enter.

You can change the screen magnification by using the Zoom In and Zoom Out tool zoom in, or the page size buttons (Actual Size, Fit in Window, Fit Width, and Fit Visible [Mac only]) in the tool bar at the top of the screen fit in window. You can also use the Magnification button magnify in the status bar at the bottom of the screen to set the page magnification level from 12.5% to 1600%.

There are three important tools you should use to navigate through PDF files on the Web: arrow buttons in the toolbar at the top of the screen, links, and bookmarks.

Toolbar Arrow Buttons:
First Page goes to the first page of the file first page.
Previous Page goes to the previous page of the file previous page.
Next Page goes to the next page of the file next page.
Last Page goes to the last page of the file last page.
Go to Previous View lets you return to the last pages you viewed previous view.
Go to Next View reverses the path you took using Go to Previous View next view.

Links: All links are highlighted in blue on screen and are bold type in print. Links take you to footnotes, other sections within a report, figures and tables, Web sites, or e-mail.

Bookmarks: Bookmarks are the easiest way to navigate from one place to another within a report. Each file has been prepared to open with the bookmarks showing in a separate frame on the left side of the screen. Bookmarks may be available for specific text headings, figure and table thumbnails, full-page figures and tables, or overall contents. You can click on the plus or minus sign (Windows) or triangle (Macintosh and UNIX) that appears to the left of some bookmarks to expand or collapse the bookmark list.

Searching a PDF Document
FIND: find Use this tool to locate specific text within one open file.

Reproducing Technical Note Material
All ODP publications are public domain and are not copyrighted. You may reproduce any material, but you must reference your source.

Text: To copy sections of text, download the PDF file to your local system, click the Text Select tool select text, highlight the text you want to copy, select Edit > Copy, and paste it into any word-processing file.

Graphics: There are two ways to copy graphics.
1. To copy a graphic from a file, download the PDF file to your local system, click the Graphics Select tool select graphics, draw a box around the graphic, and select Edit > Copy. Note that this produces low-quality (72-dpi) images that can only be pasted into select applications.
2. Figures, or entire PDF files, may be opened in Adobe Illustrator and edited. Download the file to your local system. Open Illustrator, select File > Open, and Illustrator will convert the PDF file into an Illustrator file that can be edited. For multipage documents, Illustrator will allow you to page through thumbnails of each page and select the page you want to edit. For information on purchasing Illustrator, see the Adobe Web site (

Tables: There are three ways to access data in PDF tables.
1. Download the PDF file to your local system. Highlight the desired columns of data in the body of the table (not the headers or table notes) and copy. Open Microsoft Excel and paste (the data will be in one column). Highlight the column, select Data > Text to Columns, select "Delimited," select "Space" delimiter, select "General" column data format. Insert a row at the beginning and copy in or type the column headers. (Note: this procedure will work with numeric data only.)
2. Some volume tables are available in ASCII format (.TXT). A list of these files can be found in the Volume Contents file.
3. If you have access to Adobe Acrobat, which is the Acrobat application that lets you modify PDF documents, after you download the PDF file to your local system, you can use the Table/Formatted Text Select tool to copy tables into other software applications. For information on purchasing Acrobat or to learn more about Acrobat features, see the Adobe Web site (

Other Resources

If you have problems accessing this material, would like to make comments about it, or have questions relating to the ODP Proceedings contents contact:

For more information on how to use Adobe Acrobat Reader, refer to the Acrobat Reader guide (select Help > Reader Guide) if you have Adobe Acrobat on your local computer system. (This feature is not available if you only have the Acrobat Reader plug-in for your Web browser.) For more information on Adobe products, see the Adobe Web site (

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