Bridge deck/Level 6
Fo'c'sle deck/Level 5
Main deck/Level 4
Upper 'tween deck/Level 3
Lower 'tween deck/Level 2
Hold deck/Level 1
Lab house top/Level 7
JOIDES Resolution Tour: About the Ocean Drilling Program
The Ocean Drilling Program sponsors an
international partnership of scientists and
governments to explore Earth's structure
and history beneath the seafloor.
WHY DO SCIENTISTS DRILL?
Water covers more than 70 percent of Earth's surface.
Geoscientists explore the oceans to better understand
Earth's fundamental processes.
-- Earth's surface constantly changes and evolves. Drilling
into oceanic crust allows scientists to learn more about
forces such as volcanoes and earthquakes, which have direct
consequences to society. They also investigate other changes
in Earth surface such as ocean crust formation and
destruction, mountain building, and margin subsidence and
-- Earth's sea level constantly fluctuates in response to
climatic and tectonic forces. Scientists examine sediments
and rocks recovered from drill sites in the ocean to develop
models of the oceans' history. These models, in turn, can
help countries manage coastal zones.
-- Sediments found beneath the oceans are in part composed
of skeletal remains of plants and animals. Scientists
examining composition of sediments can learn more about
Earth's complex climate system and how the ocean environment
responds to climate changes through time.
ODP constantly refines existing systems and develops new
technology. Current projects include developing systems to
drill into highly fractured formations, to withstand
extremely high temperatures, and to drill deeper into the
ocean's crust than ever before.
The Ocean Drilling Program is primarily funded by the US
National Science Foundation and other
research agencies around the world.
Joint Oceanographic Institutions for Deep Earth Sampling
(JOIDES), an international group of scientists, provides
scientific planning and program advice. Joint Oceanographic
Institutions, Inc., a nonprofit consortium of major U.S.
oceanographic institutions, manages the program.
Texas A&M University serves as science operator for the
Ocean Drilling Program. The science operator operates and
staffs the drill ship and retrieves cores from strategic
sites around the world. On board the ship, Texas A&M
maintains the laboratories and provides technical and
logistical support for shipboard scientific teams.
On shore, the university manages scientific activities
before and after each cruise, curates the cores, distributes
samples, and edits and publishes the scientific results.
ODP stores core samples for future investigations at four
-- The East Coast Repository at Lamont-Doherty Earth
Observatory in Palisades, N.Y., U.S.A., stores cores
retrieved from the Atlantic Ocean through Leg 150.
-- The Gulf Coast Repository at Texas A&M University in
College Station, Texas, U.S.A., houses ODP cores from the
Pacific and Indian oceans and all special collections such
as pore waters.
-- The West Coast Repository at Scripps Institution of
Oceanography in La Jolla, Calif., U.S.A., stores all cores
retrieved from the Pacific and Indian oceans during the Deep
Sea Drilling Project.
-- The Bremen Core Repository at the University of Bremen,
Federal Republic of Germany, houses all cores retrieved from
the Atlantic Ocean since Leg 151.
Scientists worldwide request samples or visit the
repositories to study the cores on site.
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO) of Columbia
University manages wireline logging. LDEO also stores all
precruise site surveys in its data bank.