LEG 160—SCIENTIFIC RESULTS
Mediterranean I

November 1998
ISSN 1096-7451
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.1998

For more information about how to use this volume, where to download Adobe Reader, or comments, see the User Guide.

Volume and chapter citations have been updated since original publication to include a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) to facilitate online access to scholarly and professional content (see "Citations Related to ODP Legs" for updated citations).


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preliminary Pages

SECTION 1: MEDITERRANEAN PALEOCEANOGRAPHY AND SAPROPELS

1. Sedimentological and stable isotope changes at the Messinian/Pliocene boundary in the Eastern Mediterranean (Holes 968A, 969A, and 969B), pp. 3-8
C. Pierre, J.-M. Rouchy, and M.-M. Blanc-Valleron (4.5 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.021.1998


2. The Miocene/Pliocene boundary in the Eastern Mediterranean: results from Sites 967 and 969, pp. 9-28
S. Spezzaferri, M.B. Cita, and J.A. McKenzie (16.8 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.026.1998


3. The sapropel theme of Leg 160, pp. 29-36
K.-C. Emeis and T. Sakamoto (392 KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.058.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

4. Continuous sedimentary sequences from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea: composite depth sections, pp. 37-60
T. Sakamoto, T. Janecek, and K.-C. Emeis (4.2 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.053.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

5. Magnetostratigraphy of Pliocene-Pleistocene sediments from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, pp. 61-74
C. Richter, A.P. Roberts, J.S. Stoner, L.D. Benning, and C.T. Chi (2.3 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.051.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

6. Data Report: High-resolution study of magnetic properties of sapropel-bearing sediments from Sites 966, 967, and 969, Eastern Mediterranean Sea , pp. 75-82
J.S. Stoner, C. Richter, and A.P. Roberts (1.5 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.028.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

7. Quantitative calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of Pliocene and Pleistocene sediments from the Eratosthenes Seamount region in the Eastern Mediterranean, pp. 83-98
T.S. Staerker (858 KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.027.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

8. Calcareous nannofossil quantitative biostratigraphy of Holes 969E and 963B (Eastern Mediterranean), pp. 99-112
E. Di Stefano (803KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.009.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

9. Calcareous nannofossils in the basal Zanclean of the Eastern Mediterranean Sea: remarks on paleoceanography and sapropel formation, pp. 113-124
D. Castradori (3.4 KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.005.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

10. Pliocene and Pleistocene biostratigraphy of Bachmayerella tenuis and Incertae sedis, forma A, Eastern Mediterranean, Holes 965A, 966A, 967A, and 969A, pp. 125-136
S. Spezzaferri and D. Spiegler (7.9 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.025.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

11. Late Quaternary polycystine radiolarians and silicoflagellates of a diatomaceous sapropel from the Eastern Mediterranean, Sites 969 and 971, pp. 137-154
T. Danelian and D. Frydas (26.5 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.007.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

12. Integrated calcareous plankton biostratigraphy and cyclostratigraphy at Site 964, pp. 155-166
R. Sprovieri, E. Di Stefano, M. Howell, T. Sakamoto, A. Di Stefano, and M. Marino (898 KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.010.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

13. Stable isotope chronology and paleoceanographic history of Sites 963 and 964, Eastern Mediterranean Sea, pp. 167-180
M.W. Howell, R.C. Thunell, E. Di Stefano, R. Sprovieri, E.J. Tappa, and T. Sakamoto (1.7 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.014.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

14. Oxygen isotope and sapropel stratigraphy in the Eastern Mediterranean during the last 3.2 million years, pp. 181-190
D. Kroon, I. Alexander, M. Little, L.J. Lourens, A. Matthewson, A.H.F. Robertson, and T. Sakamoto (555 KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.071.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

15. Base of large Gephyrocapsa and astronomical calibration of early Pleistocene sapropels in Site 967 and Hole 969D: solving the chronology of the Vrica section (Calabria, Italy), pp. 191-198
L.J. Lourens, F.J. Hilgen, and I. Raffi (971 KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.017.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

16. The trace element budget of the Eastern Mediterranean during Pliocene sapropel formation, pp. 199-206
I.A. Nijenhuis, H.-J. Brumsack, and G.J. De Lange (1.1 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.019.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

17. The formation of Pliocene Mediterranean sapropels: constraints from high-resolution major and minor element studies, pp. 207-218
R. Wehausen and H.-J. Brumsack (757 KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.004.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

18. Mineralogical record of cyclic climate changes in Mediterranean mid-Pliocene deposits from Hole 964 (Ionian Basin) and from Punta Piccola (Sicily), pp. 219-226
F. Mélięres, A. Foucault, and M.-M. Blanc-Valleron (872 KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.012.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

19. Paleoproductivity and climate variations during sapropel deposition in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, pp. 227-248
L. Diester-Haass, C. Robert, and H. Chamley (9.9 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.008.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

20. Sedimentary sulfur and iron chemistry in relation to the formation of Eastern Mediterranean sapropels, pp. 249-260
H.F. Passier and G.J. De Lange (1.3 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.020.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

21. Biological marker significance of organic matter origin in sapropels from the Mediterranean Ridge, Site 969, pp. 261-270
I. Bouloubassi, G. Guehenneux, and J. Rullkötter (675 KB)
doi: 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.003.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

22. Biological marker significance of organic matter origin and transformation in sapropels from the Pisano Plateau, Site 964, pp. 271-284
J. Rullkötter, J. Rinna, I. Bouloubassi, B.M. Scholz-Böttcher, P.A. Meyers, L. Johns, and S.J. Rowland (812 KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.023.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

23. Molecular paleontology of eastern Mediterranean sapropels: evidence for photic zone euxinia, pp. 285-296
H.-J. Bosch, J.S. Sinninghe Damsté, and J.W. de Leeuw (544 KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.066.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

24. Data Report: Characterization of distributions of photosynthetic pigments in sapropel from Holes 966D and 969C, pp. 297-302
V. Cariou-Le Gall, A. Rosell-Mele, and J.R. Maxwell (1.4 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.055.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

25. The response of bacterial populations to sapropels in deep sediments of the Eastern Mediterranean (Site 969), pp. 303-308
B.A. Cragg, K.M. Law, A. Cramp, and R.J. Parkes (339 KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.069.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

26. Stable isotope and alkenone temperature records of sapropels from Sites 964 and 967: constraining the physical environment of sapropel formation in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, pp. 309-332
K.-C. Emeis, H.-M. Schulz, U. Struck, T. Sakamoto, H. Doose, H. Erlenkeuser, M. Howell, D. Kroon, and M. Paterne (1.2 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.011.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

27. Microfabric and microcompositional studies of Pliocene and Quaternary sapropels from the Eastern Mediterranean, pp. 333-348
A.E.S. Kemp, R.B. Pearce, J. Pike, and J.E.A. Marshall (26.6 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.068.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

28. A lamina-scale, SEM-based study of a late Quaternary diatom-ooze sapropel from the Mediterranean Ridge, Site 971, pp. 349-364
R.B. Pearce, A.E.S. Kemp, I. Koizumi, J. Pike, A. Cramp, and S.J. Rowland (12.1 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.016.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

29. Sulfate reduction and related stable isotope (34S, 18O) variations in interstitial waters from the Eastern Mediterranean, pp. 365-374
M.E. Böttcher, H.-J. Brumsack, and G. J. de Lange (624 KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.002.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

SECTION 2: ERATOSTHENES SEAMOUNT

30. Cretaceous foraminiferal bio-isotope stratigraphy of Hole 967E and Paleogene planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy of Hole 966F, Eastern Mediterranean, pp. 377-394
I. Premoli Silva, S. Spezzaferri, and A. D'Angelantonio (18.1 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.022.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

31. Data Report: Biostratigraphy of Eocene and Upper Cretaceous chalks from the Eratosthenes Seamount region in the Eastern Mediterranean, pp. 395-402
T. S. Staerker (402 KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.070.1998

Print button (412 bytes)  

32. Lithofacies evidence for the Cretaceous-Paleogene sedimentary history of Eratosthenes Seamount, Eastern Mediterranean, in its regional tectonic context (Sites 966 and 967), pp. 403-418
A.H.F. Robertson (22 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.035.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

33. Miocene shallow-water carbonates on the Eratosthenes Seamount, easternmost Mediterranean Sea, pp. 419-436
A.H.F. Robertson (21.1 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.036.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

34. Evidence of Messinian nonmarine deposition at Site 968 (Cyprus lower slope), pp. 437-446
M.-M. Blanc-Valleron, J.-M. Rouchy, C. Pierre, D. Badaut-Trauth, and M. Schuler (3 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.001.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

35. Data Report: Geochemistry of Pliocene and Miocene carbonates from the Eratosthenes Seamount (Site 965), pp. 447-452
M.E. Böttcher, Y. Mart, H.-J. Brumsack (1.2 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.067.1998

Print button (412 bytes)

36. Late Miocene paleoenvironments and tectonic setting of the southern margin of Cyprus and the Eratosthenes Seamount, pp. 453-464
A.H.F. Robertson (2.8 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.037.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

37. Significance of lower Pliocene mass-flow deposits for the timing and process of collision of the Eratosthenes Seamount with the Cyprus active margin, pp. 465-482
A.H.F. Robertson (31.7 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.038.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

38. Evolution of paleoenvironments of Erastothenes Seamount based on downhole logging integrated with carbonate petrology and reflection profiles, pp. 483-508
C.O. Major, W.B.F. Ryan, and M.J. Jurado-Rodríguez (6.6 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.033.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

39. Subsidence record of early-stage continental collision, Eratosthenes platform (Sites 966 and 967), pp. 509-516
B.M. Whiting (465 KB)
10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.039.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

40. Structural evidence for the nature of hiatal gaps in the Upper Cretaceous to Holocene succession recovered from the Eratosthenes Seamount, pp. 517-526
R. Flecker, A. Kopf, and M.J. Jurado-Rodríguez (935 KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.029.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

41. Present-day stress indicators from a segment of the African-Eurasian plate boundary in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea: results of Formation MicroScanner data, pp. 527-534
M.J. Jurado-Rodríguez and M. Brudy (989 KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.030.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

42. Acoustic properties from logs and discrete measurements (Sites 966 and 967) on Eratosthenes Seamount: controls and ground truth, pp. 535-544
J.M. Woodside, J.A.M. Kenter, and A. Köhnen (1.1 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.032.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

43. Pleistocene fanglomerate deposition related to uplift of the Troodos Ophiolite, Cyprus, pp. 545-568
A. Poole and A. Robertson (14.7 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.064.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

SECTION 3: MUD VOLCANISM

44. Pore-water indications for the occurrence of gas hydrates in Eastern Mediterranean mud dome structures, pp. 569-574
G.J. De Lange and H.-J. Brumsack (575 KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.042.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

45. Origin of clasts and matrix within the Milano and Napoli mud volcanoes, Mediterranean Ridge accretionary complex, pp. 575-596
A.H.F. Robertson and A. Kopf (27.8 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.044.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

46. Mud volcanic samples in the context of the Mediterranean Ridge mud diapiric belt, pp. 597-606
G.C. Akhmanov and J.M. Woodside (1.4 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.045.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

47. Some clues about the Napoli and Milano mud volcanoes from an integrated log-core approach, pp. 607-624
M.J. Jurado-Rodríguez and F. Martínez-Ruiz (4 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.043.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)
Print button (412 bytes)

48. Variations in sediment physical properties and permeability of mud-volcano deposits from Napoli Dome and adjacent mud volcanoes, pp. 625-644
A. Kopf, M.B. Clennell, and A. Camerlenghi (2.1 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.049.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)Print button (412 bytes)

49. Relationship between the variation of undrained shear strength, organic carbon content, and the origin and frequency of enigmatic normal faults in fine-grained sediments from advanced piston cores from the Eastern Mediterranean, pp. 645-662
A. Kopf, M.B. Clennell, and R. Flecker (10 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.050.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)Print button (412 bytes)

SECTION 4: SYNTHESES

50. Tectonic setting and processes of mud volcanism on the Mediterranean Ridge accretionary complex: evidence from Leg 160, pp. 665-680
A.H.F. Robertson and A. Kopf (2.2 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.062.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)Print button (412 bytes)

51. Formation and destruction of the Eratosthenes Seamount, Eastern Mediterranean Sea, and implications for collisional processes, pp.  681-700
A.H.F. Robertson (2.9 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.063.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)Print button (412 bytes)

52. Eratosthenes Seamount: an oceanographic yardstick recording the Late Mesozoic-Tertiary geological history of the Eastern Mediterranean, pp. 701-708
Y. Mart and A.H.F. Robertson (474 KB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.034.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)Print button (412 bytes)

53. Eratosthenes Seamount: the possible spearhead of incipient continental collision in the Eastern Mediterranean, pp. 709-721
D. Kempler (1.7 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.031.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)Print button (412 bytes)

54. Mesozoic-Tertiary tectonic evolution of the easternmost Mediterranean area: integration of marine and land evidence, pp.  723-782
Alastair H.F. Robertson (11.6 MB)
doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.160.061.1998

Browse button (435 bytes)Print button (412 bytes)

SECTION 5: INDEX

 

Index pp. 784-817 (411 KB)


BACK-POCKET MATERIALS

 

Chapter 30, Table 3. Distribution of Upper Cretaceous isolated planktonic foraminifers in Hole 967E.

 

CD-ROM MATERIALS

 

CORE DATA

 
Logging Data for Leg 160, please contact Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.